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USSR State Prize

 

USSR State Prize

Stalin Prize badge on a stamp
State Prize badge

The USSR State Prize (Russian: Госуда́рственная пре́мия СССР) was the Soviet Union's state honor. It was established on September 9, 1966. After the breakup of the Soviet Union, the prize was followed up by the State Prize of the Russian Federation.

The State Stalin Prize (Государственная Сталинская премия), usually called the Stalin Prize, existed from 1941 to 1954 - some sources give an incorrect termination date of 1952. It essentially played the same role; therefore upon the establishment of the USSR State Prize, the diplomas and badges of the recipients of Stalin Prize were changed to that of USSR State Prize.

In 1944 and 1945, the last two years of the Second World War the award ceremonies for the Stalin Prize were not held. Instead, in 1946 the ceremony was held twice: in January for the works created in 1943-1944 and in June for the works of 1945.[1]

USSR State Prize of 1st, 2nd and 3rd degrees was awarded annually to individuals in the fields of science, mathematics, literature, arts, and architecture to honor the most prominent achievements which either advanced the Soviet Union or the cause of socialism. Often the prize was awarded to specific works rather than to individuals.

Each constituent Soviet republic (SSR) and autonomous republic (ASSR) also had a State Prize (resp. Stalin Prize).

The Stalin Prize was an honor different from the Stalin Peace Prize. The latter was created on 21 December 1949 and was usually awarded to foreign recipients rather than to Soviet citizens.

It should also not be confused with the Lenin Prize.

Contents

  • Recipients of the State Stalin Prize in science and engineering by year 1
    • 1941 1.1
    • 1942 1.2
    • 1943 1.3
    • 1944 1.4
    • 1945 1.5
    • 1946 1.6
    • 1947 1.7
    • 1948 1.8
    • 1949 1.9
    • 1950 1.10
    • 1951 1.11
    • 1952 1.12
    • 1953 1.13
    • 1954 1.14
  • Recipients of the State Stalin Prize in arts by year 2
    • 1941 2.1
    • 1942 2.2
    • 1943 2.3
    • 1944 2.4
    • 1945 2.5
    • 1946 2.6
    • 1947 2.7
    • 1948 2.8
    • 1949 2.9
    • 1950 2.10
    • 1951 2.11
    • 1952 2.12
  • Recipients of the USSR State Prize in science and engineering by year 3
    • 1963 3.1
    • 1964 3.2
    • 1967 3.3
    • 1968 3.4
    • 1969 3.5
    • 1970 3.6
    • 1971 3.7
    • 1972 3.8
    • 1974 3.9
    • 1975 3.10
    • 1977 3.11
    • 1979 3.12
    • 1980 3.13
    • 1981 3.14
    • 1982 3.15
    • 1983 3.16
    • 1984 3.17
    • 1985 3.18
    • 1987 3.19
    • 1988 3.20
    • 1989 3.21
  • Recipients of the USSR State Prize in literature and arts by year 4
    • 1946 4.1
    • 1948 4.2
    • 1950 4.3
    • 1951 4.4
    • 1961 4.5
    • 1966 4.6
    • 1967 4.7
    • 1968 4.8
    • 1970 4.9
    • 1986 4.10
    • 1971 4.11
    • 1974 4.12
    • 1976 4.13
    • 1977 4.14
    • 1978 4.15
    • 1979 4.16
    • 1981 4.17
    • 1983 4.18
    • 1985 4.19
    • 1986 4.20
    • 1987 4.21
    • 1988 4.22
    • 1991 4.23
  • References 5

Recipients of the State Stalin Prize in science and engineering by year

1941

1942

1943

1944

Laureates for this year were officially announced in 1946.[4]

1945

Laureates for this year were officially announced in 1946[4]

1946

1947

1948

1949

1950

1951

1952

1953

1954

  • Andrei Sakharov: 1st degree, physics
  • V. Alexandrov (Russian: Александров В. В.), Yu. Bazilevsky (Russian: Базилевский Ю. Я.), D. Zhuchkov (Russian: Жучков Д. А.), I. Lygin (Russian: Лыгин И. Ф.), G. Markov (Russian: Марков Г. Я.), B. Melnikov (Russian: Мельников Б. Ф.), G. Prokudayev (Russian: Прокудаев Г. М.), B. Rameyev, N. Trubnikov (Russian: Трубников Н. Б.), A. Tsygankin (Russian: Цыганкин А. П.), Yu. Shcherbakov (Russian: Щербаков Ю. Ф.) and L. Larionova (Russian: Ларионова Л.А.) - Strela computer development team: 1st degree
  • Igor Tamm: physics
  • Igor Kurchatov: physics

Recipients of the State Stalin Prize in arts by year

1941

1942

1943

1944

The awards for this year were given in 1946

1945

The awards for this year were given in 1946

1946

1947

1948

1949

1950

1951

1952

Recipients of the USSR State Prize in science and engineering by year

1963

1964

1967

1968

1969

1970

1971

1972

1974

1975

1977

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

  • Anatoliy O. Morozov for the "Ulianovsk" flexible manufacturing system[8]
  • Volodymyr Nemoshkalenko for the development of the method of photoelectron spectroscopy and its application in science and technology.[9]

1987

1988

1989

  • Nikolay Basov: physics
  • Alexei Fridman, Nikolai Gor'kavyi: science and technology, for predicting of a system of new satellites of Uranus based on developed theory of collective and collisional processes in planetary rings.

Recipients of the USSR State Prize in literature and arts by year

1946

1948

1950

  • Alykul Osmonov: poetry; for his efforts to modernize Kyrgyz literature

1951

1961

1966

1967

1968

1970

1986

1971

1974

1976

1977

1978

1979

1981

1983

1985

1986

1987

1988

1991

References

  1. ^ Volkov, Solomon, tr. Bouis, Antonina W., Shostakovich and Stalin: The Extraordinary Relationship Between the Great Composer and the Brutal Dictator (New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 2004). ISBN 0-375-41082-1, Chapter 5.
  2. ^ http://misis.ru/en/2549
  3. ^ Асташенков, Петр Тимофеевич (1968). Курчатов [Kurchatov]. М.: Молодая гвардия. p. 197. 
  4. ^ a b "Из истории о дипломе, удостоверении и Почетном знаке лауреата Сталинской премии.". 
  5. ^ "Вейнгеров Марк Леонидович". Virtual Museumof  
  6. ^ Lovell, Julia (2006), The politics of cultural capital, (Honolulu:University of Hawai'i Press) ISBN 978-0-8248-2962-9, 103
  7. ^ Rollberg, Peter (2008). Historical Dictionary of Russian and Soviet Cinema. Scarecrow Press. p. 70.  
  8. ^ "IMMSP - Personal page: Anatoliy O. Morozov". immsp.kiev.ua. Retrieved 1 November 2011. 
  9. ^ Institute of Metal Physics: Prizes and Awards
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