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USS Bogue (CVE-9)

USS Bogue (CVE-9)
History
Namesake: Bogue Sound
Laid down: 1 October 1941
Launched: 15 January 1942
Commissioned: 26 September 1942
Decommissioned: 30 November 1946
Struck: 1 March 1959
Fate: Scrapped in Japan in 1960
General characteristics
Displacement: 9,800 tons
Length: 495.7 ft (151.1 m)
Beam: 111.5 ft (34.0 m)
Draft: 26 ft (7.9 m)
Speed: 18 knots (33 km/h)
Complement: 890 officers and men
Armament: 2 × 5 in (127 mm) guns
Aircraft carried: 24

USS Bogue (CVE-9) was the lead ship in the Bogue-class of escort aircraft carriers in the United States Navy during World War II. She was originally classified AVG-9, but was changed to ACV-9, 20 August 1942; CVE-9, 15 July 1943; and CVHP-9, 12 June 1955. Aircraft operating from the Bogue sank eleven German and two Japanese submarines, making her the most successful anti-submarine carrier in World War II.[1]

Bogue was laid down on 1 October 1941 as Steel Advocate (hull 170) under Maritime Commission contract by Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding in Tacoma, Washington. Bogue was launched 15 January 1942; sponsored by Mrs. W. Miller, Jr., wife of Lieutenant Commander Miller; transferred to the United States Navy 1 May 1942; and commissioned 26 September 1942, Captain G. E. Short in command.

The ship was named for Bogue Sound in North Carolina.[2]

Contents

  • Service history 1
  • Awards 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Service history

After an extensive shakedown and repair period Bogue joined the Atlantic Fleet in February 1943 as the nucleus of the pioneer American anti-submarine hunter-killer group. During March and April 1943 she made three North Atlantic crossings but sank no submarines. She departed on her fourth crossing 22 April and got her first submarine 22 May when her aircraft sank U-569 at .

During her fifth North Atlantic cruise her planes sank two German submarines: U-217 at ., 5 June and U-118 at ., 12 June.

On 23 July 1943, during her seventh patrol, her planes sank U-613 during this patrol.

Bogue 's eighth patrol was her most productive with three German submarines sunk. Du Pont, Clemson and Osmond Ingram at . And on 20 December U-850 was sunk by planes at .

Bogue had a break from her anti-submarine operations during January and February 1944 when she carried a cargo of Army fighters to Glasgow, Scotland. The carrier then returned to her anti-submarine role and on 13 March her aircraft teamed with British planes, Haverfield, Hobson and the RCN River-class frigate HMCS Prince Rupert to sink U-575 at .

On 5 May 1944, Bogue and her escorts departed Hampton Roads, Virginia, for a cruise that netted two more submarines and lasted until 2 July. Francis M. Robinson, of the screen, sank the Japanese RO-501 (ex-German U-1224) on 13 May and Bogue’s aircraft sank the Japanese submarine I-52 at ., on 24 June. During the next cruise, 24 July–24 September 1944, Bogue's planes sank another German submarine, U-1229, 20 August at .

Following her return in September 1944, Bogue operated on training missions out of Operation Teardrop. On 24 April, success came as Flaherty, Neunzer, Chatelain, Varian, Hubbard, Janssen, Pillsbury and Keith sank U-546. This was the last of 13 submarines sunk by Bogue or her escorts.

With the war in the Atlantic over, Bogue moved to the Pacific, arriving at San Diego 3 July 1945. She then steamed westward to Guam, arriving 24 July. She made a trip to Adak, Alaska (19 August to 6 September 1945), and then joined the "Operation Magic Carpet" fleet returning servicemen from the Pacific islands. She was placed out of commission in reserve 30 November 1946 at Tacoma, Washington.

Awards

Bogue received a Presidential Unit Citation and three battle stars for her World War II service.

References

  1. ^ "Escort Carrier Photo Index: USS BOGUE (ACV-9)". www.navsource.org. Retrieved 2015-10-08. 
  2. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships
  3. ^ Cressman, Robert (2000). "Chapter V: 1943". The official chronology of the U.S. Navy in World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press.  

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

External links

  • Photo gallery of Bogue at NavSource Naval History
  • Boguehazegray.org: USS
  • Hunter-Killer Groups
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