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USS Garland (AM-238)

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Title: USS Garland (AM-238)  
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Subject: USS Quest (AM-281), Admirable-class minesweepers, USS Sentinel (AM-412), USAS Report (AGP-289), Soviet minesweeper T-111
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USS Garland (AM-238)

Career
Name: USS Garland
Builder: Winslow Marine Railway & Shipbuilding,
Laid down: 13 October 1943
Launched: 20 February 1944
Commissioned: 26 August 1944
Decommissioned: 2 August 1946
Reclassified: MSF-238, 7 February 1955
Struck: 1 April 1960
Fate: Sold 24 October 1960
General characteristics
Class & type: Admirable-class minesweeper
Displacement: 650 tons
Length: 184 ft 6 in (56.24 m)
Beam: 33 ft (10 m)
Draft: 9 ft 9 in (2.97 m)
Propulsion: 2 × ALCO 539 diesel engines, 1,710 shp (1.3 MW)
Farrel-Birmingham single reduction gear
2 shafts
Speed: 14.8 knots (27.4 km/h)
Complement: 104
Armament: 1 × 3"/50 caliber gun DP
2 × twin Bofors 40 mm guns
1 × Hedgehog anti-submarine mortar
2 × Depth charge tracks
Service record
Part of: US Pacific Fleet (1944-1946)
Atlantic Reserve Fleet (1946-1960)
Awards: 2 Battle stars

USS Garland (AM-238) was an Admirable-class minesweeper built for the U.S. Navy during World War II. She was built to clear minefields in offshore waters, and served the Navy in the Pacific Ocean. At war’s end, she returned home proudly bearing two battle stars to her credit.

Garland was launched 20 February 1944 by Winslow Marine Railway & Shipbuilding Co., Winslow, Washington; sponsored by Miss Karen Lundberg; and commissioned 26 August 1944, Lt. Carl Carmichael in command.

World War II Pacific Ocean operations

After shakedown out of Puget Sound Garland departed San Pedro, California, 12 November with a convoy to Kossol Roads, Palau Islands, where she arrived 2 January 1945. The minesweeper acted as entrance control ship at Kossol Roads; escorted convoys between Peleliu and Ulithi until 20 May, then patrolled convoy routes between Ulithi and Eniwetok. She departed Ulithi 28 June escorting a 16-ship convoy bound for Buckner Bay, Okinawa, arriving 17 July.

End-of-War Activity

Based at Buckner Bay, Garland swept mines in the East China Sea (22–31 July 1945) and (13–25 August 1945). Shifting to Ominato Ko, Honshū, she swept Japanese minefields to clear the path for Allied transports carrying occupation troops to the Empire. Garland departed Ominato Ko 20 October to serve as flagship of Mine Division 40 at Sasebo until 20 November when she sailed for the United States, arriving San Diego, California, 19 December.

Post-War Decommissioning

Departing San Diego 31 January 1946, she transited the Panama Canal and steamed to Orange, Texas; decommissioned there 2 August 1946; and joined the Atlantic Reserve Fleet. Reclassified MSF-238 7 February 1955, Garland remained in the Reserve Fleet until struck from the Navy list 1 April 1960. She was sold to Ships and Power, Inc., of Miami, Florida, 24 October 1960.

Garland received two battle stars for World War II service.

References

External links

  • NavSource Online: Mine Warfare Vessel Photo Archive - Garland (MSF 238) - ex-AM-238
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