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Union Station (Hartford)

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Union Station (Hartford)

Hartford Union Station
An Amtrak shuttle train at Hartford's Union Station
Station statistics
Address One Union Place
Hartford, CT 06103
Line(s)
  New Haven – Springfield Shuttle
  New Haven – Hartford – Springfield Rail proposed
  New Britain–Hartford Busway
Connections Connecticut Transit
Platforms 1 side platform (formerly 1 island platform too)
Tracks 1 (formerly 4)
Other information
Opened 1889
Rebuilt 1914, 1987
Accessible
Station code HFD
Owned by Greater Hartford Transit District
Traffic
Passengers (2012)179,536[1] Increase 3.4%
Services
Preceding station   Amtrak   Following station
toward Norfolk, Newport News or Lynchburg
Northeast Regional
toward Springfield, MA
Vermonter
toward St. Albans
toward New Haven
New Haven – Springfield Shuttle
toward Springfield, MA
    Proposed    
CDOT
toward New Haven Union Station
New Haven – Hartford – Springfield Rail
toward Springfield
Hartford-New Britain Busway Terminus
Hartford Union Station
Hartford Union Station
Location Union Pl., Hartford, Connecticut
Coordinates

41°46′7″N 72°40′56″W / 41.76861°N 72.68222°W / 41.76861; -72.68222

Area 3 acres (1.2 ha)
Built 1889
Architectural style Other, Richardsonian Romanesque
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 75001932[2]
Added to NRHP November 25, 1975

Hartford Union Station is the main railway station in Hartford, Connecticut, United States. . The historic station building is near the State Capitol Building. It is a Richardsonian Romanesque building designed by George Keller and built in 1889. A 1914 fire required that it be completely rebuilt, and in 1987 the interior was renovated. It has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1975.

It is served by what is now Amtrak's New Haven-Springfield Line which branches off from the Northeast Corridor in New Haven. Of the 12 Connecticut stations served by Amtrak, Hartford was the third busiest in 2011.[3]

Building

The station is located on the western edge of downtown Hartford, on a three-acre (1.2 ha) block between Union Place and Spruce Street on the east and west and Church and Asylum streets to the north and south.[4] Opposite the main building on Union Place are a mixture of other old buildings and parking lots. To the west is a triangular parking lot and the viaduct carrying Interstate 84 and U.S. Route 6, which curves around the north of the station as well. Across Asylum on the south is Bushnell Park, also listed on the Register.

The main building is located between the tracks and Union Place. It is a three-story rectangular building in rough-faced Portland brownstone with two smaller, similarly shaped two-story wings on the north and south. The main building has a flat roof; the wings are gabled and tiled, with dormer windows piercing them at regular intervals.[4]

On the east (front) facade, a wide set of steps rises to the main entrance, beneath a flat hood at the springlines of three of the large segmental arches that run across the first story. Above these is a stylized floral molded course. The second story has similar but smaller segmental arches set with a recessed panel and four-pane windows. The central bay has "1914" carved into its panel; all others are blank. The two wings have four-pane rectangular windows.[4]

At the station level are four tracks divided by a platform in the middle. Two sets of iron roofs create a train shed. On the wall side those roofs are supported by spiral-shaped iron brackets. In the middle columns and simple curved brackets support the trusses that hold up the shed roof. All are made of iron.[4]

The interior has been thoroughly remodeled since the station was rebuilt. It is a mostly open area with stairs along the west wall leading up to the elevated tracks and benches along the east. Flooring is red tile. There are offices on the north and south; some look out over the main space.

History

The station was built in 1889, and served the Hartford and New Haven Railroad, Central New England Railway, Hartford and Connecticut Valley Railroad (all of which were acquired by the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad) and the New York and New England Railroad, but the entire structure had to be rebuilt after a fire in 1914. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as "Hartford Union Station" in 1975.[5]

Currently only Amtrak trains use the station, but there are plans to start a new commuter service on the New Haven-Springfield Line. The project is called the New Haven-Hartford-Springfield Commuter Rail Line. The station is currently served by 1 track and platform. The second track and platform were removed by Amtrak in the 1990s to reduce maintenance costs. The second track and platform are planned to be reinstalled with the upgrades to the New Haven-Hartford-Springfield track for the commuter rail service.

Connections

Images

See also

Connecticut portal Architecture portal Trains portal National Register of Historic Places portal

References

External links

  • Amtrak – Stations – Hartford Union Station
  • Hartford Union Station (HFD) Great American Stations (Amtrak)
  • Hartford Amtrak Station (USA Rail Guide -- Train Web)
  • Hartford County Listings at the National Register of Historic Places
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