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Union Station (Pittsburgh)

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Title: Union Station (Pittsburgh)  
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Subject: Pittsburgh/On this day, Pittsburgh, Etymology of Pittsburgh, Parkway Limited, David L. Lawrence Convention Center
Collection: Amtrak Stations in Pennsylvania, Beaux-Arts Architecture in Pennsylvania, Buildings and Structures in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Clock Towers in the United States, Historic American Buildings Survey in Pennsylvania, History of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Office Buildings in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh History & Landmarks Foundation Historic Landmarks, Railway Stations in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, Railway Stations on the National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania, Railway Stations Opened in 1903, Residential Buildings in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Residential Condominiums in the United States, Skyscrapers in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Stations Along Pennsylvania Railroad Lines, Stations Along Pennsylvania Railroad Lines West of Pittsburgh, Stations Along Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad Lines, Transit Centers in the United States, Transportation in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Union Stations in the United States
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Union Station (Pittsburgh)

Pittsburgh
Location 1100 Liberty Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15222
Owned by Amtrak
Line(s)
Platforms 3 + 1 disused
Tracks 2 + 3 disused
Connections Port Authority of Allegheny County
Construction
Bicycle facilities Yes
Disabled access Yes
Other information
Station code PGH
History
Opened 1903
Rebuilt 1954 & 1988
Traffic
Passengers (2013) 135,137[1] 4.5%
Services
Preceding station   Amtrak   Following station
toward Chicago
Capitol Limited
toward Washington, DC
Terminus Pennsylvanian
toward New York City
  Former services  
Pennsylvania Railroad
toward Chicago
Main Line
Terminus Pittsburgh – Oil City
toward Oil City
Pittsburgh – Torrance
toward Torrance
toward Toledo
Toledo – Pittsburgh Terminus
toward Erie
Erie – Pittsburgh
toward Enon
Enon – Pittsburgh
toward Cleveland
Cleveland – Pittsburgh
toward Columbus
Columbus – Pittsburgh
toward Washington, PA
Chartiers Branch
toward Wheeling
Wheeling – Pittsburgh
toward Brownsville
Monongahela Division
Preceding station   The "T"   Following station
Terminus Downtown Subway
closed
Terminus
Pennsylvania Railroad Station
Union Station (Pittsburgh) is located in Pennsylvania
Coordinates
Built 1898
Architect D.H. Burnham & Company
Architectural style Beaux Arts
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # rotunda: 73001587
station: 76001597[2]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP rotunda: April 11, 1973
station: April 22, 1976
Designated PHLF rotunda 1991, station 2003[3]

Union Station (or Pennsylvania Station, commonly called Penn Station by locals) is a historic train station at Grant Street and Liberty Avenue in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in the United States. It was one of several passenger rail stations that served Pittsburgh during the 20th century (other stations included the Pittsburgh & Lake Erie Railroad Station, the Baltimore and Ohio Station and Wabash Pittsburgh Terminal) and it is the only surviving station in active use.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Architecture 2
  • Current passenger service 3
  • Penn Station (PAT Station) 4
  • Port Authority bus connections 5
  • Suburban transit connections 6
  • Grant Street Transportation Center 7
  • Images 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

History

PRR train at Pittsburgh Union Station, 31 March 1968

Unlike many union stations built in the U.S. to serve the needs of more than one railroad, this facility connected the Pennsylvania Railroad with several subsidiary lines; for that reason it was renamed in 1912 to match other Pennsylvania Stations. Thus, Union Station is a misnomer, as other major passenger rail carriers served travelers at other stations. For instance, the Baltimore and Ohio, used Pittsburgh & Lake Erie Railroad Station and Baltimore and Ohio Station and the Wabash Railroad used Wabash Pittsburgh Terminal.

The station building was designed by Chicago architect Peter Joseph Weber, the most extraordinary feature of the monumental train station is his: the rotunda with corner pavilions. At street level the rotunda sheltered turning spaces for carriages beneath wide low vaulted spaces that owed little to any historicist style. Above, the rotunda sheltered passengers in a spectacular waiting room. Burnham's firm went on to complete more than a dozen projects in Pittsburgh, some on quite prominent sites. The rotunda is also listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[2] Service began at the station on October 12, 1901.[4]

On January 3, 1954 the Pennsylvania Railroad announced a $31.7 million (2016 dollars) in expansion and renovation for the complex.

Penn Central's Spirit of St Louis (St. Louis-Cincinnati-Pittsburgh-Philadelphia-Washington express) consisting of a mere 4 cars, a shadow of its former prestigious self. July 1970

By the late 1970s the Penn Central Corporation was accepting bids for the complex and was purchased by the General Services Administration. There were proposals in 1978 to make the structure into a federal office building, a new city hall and a senior citizens apartment building. Amtrak proposed that the whole structure remain a train station and rail offices.[5] In 1974 County Council proposed having the station be the site of the then planned David L. Lawrence Convention Center.[6] The Buncher Development Company had an option to buy the property as late as 1984.[7]

A $20 million restoration of Union Station began in 1986 to convert the office tower into apartments.[8] It is now called The Pennsylvanian and opened to residents on May 23, 1988. The concourse, which is no longer open to the public, was transformed into a lobby for commercial spaces on the ground floor and the paint cleaned off the great central skylight. The rotunda which once offered shelter for carriages to turn around is now closed to vehicular traffic - modern cars and trucks are too heavy for the brick road surface and risk caving in the roof to the parking garage below it.

Architecture

In September 1978, The New Yorker art critic Brendan Gill proclaimed that Pittsburgh's Penn Station is "one of the great pieces of Beaux-Arts architecture in America...[one of the] symbols of the nation."[9]

Current passenger service

Union Station continues to serve as an active railway station, but through a smaller passenger area on the Liberty Avenue side of the building. It is the western terminus of Amtrak's Pennsylvanian route and is along the Capitol Limited route. Until 2005, Pittsburgh was served by a third daily train, the Three Rivers (a replacement service for the legendary Broadway Limited), an extended version of the Pennsylvanian that terminated in Chicago. Its cancellation marked the first time in Pittsburgh's railway history that the city was served by just two daily passenger trains (the Pennsylvanian and Capitol Limited).

Union Station's Amtrak station code is PGH.

Penn Station (PAT Station)

The Port Authority opened a spur to Penn Park station in 1988, to link the 1985 downtown subway to the East Busway.[10] However, the line was difficult to integrate into other services, since it utilized a portion of an old single tracked former Pennsylvania Railroad tunnel. This tunnel travels beneath the US Steel Tower, and the building's structural supports are on each side of the tunnel, prohibiting the installation of a second track. The station is still listed as part of the Red Line subway service but has had no regular service since 1993.[11] As late as 2001, the line would only see, if any, up to two afternoon rush hour trains. An official reason for the discontinuation of service has not been given, however it may be attributed to the aforementioned infrastructure limitations as well as limited ridership. The station continues to be used in extremely limited circumstances, including usage as part of the Port Authority's detoured transportation routes following Super Bowl XLV on 6 February 2011.[12] It is unlikely that Port Authority will restore service to the station in the foreseeable future, since the station is within the boundaries of the "Free Fare Zone", thus doing so would not generate additional revenue.

Port Authority bus connections

  • 1, 11, 14, 39, 40, 44, P1, P2, G2 P7, P10, P12, P13, P16, P17, P67, P68, P69, P71, P78,

Suburban transit connections

Grant Street Transportation Center

Across the street is the Grant Street Transportation Center.[14] It serves as an intercity bus station for:

Images

See also

References

  1. ^ "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2013, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania" (PDF).  
  2. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  3. ^ Historic Landmark Plaques 1968-2009 (PDF). Pittsburgh, PA: Pittsburgh History & Landmarks Foundation. 2010. Retrieved 2011-07-28. 
  4. ^ Lorant, Stefan. "Historic Pittsburgh Chronology". Historic Pittsburgh. University of Pittsburgh Digital Research Library. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  5. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=A8tRAAAAIBAJ&sjid=TW0DAAAAIBAJ&pg=5450%2C3739142
  6. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=JFoqAAAAIBAJ&sjid=R1UEAAAAIBAJ&pg=7253%2C3559448
  7. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=atlRAAAAIBAJ&sjid=TW4DAAAAIBAJ&dq=pittsburgh-police%20stadium&pg=6320%2C707043M
  8. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=c4McAAAAIBAJ&sjid=-GIEAAAAIBAJ&pg=4760%2C3224373
  9. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=yIBIAAAAIBAJ&sjid=Pm0DAAAAIBAJ&dq=brendan%20gill%20pittsburgh&pg=4544%2C2226546
  10. ^ "The Antique Motor Coach Association of Pennsylvania - The 80's at PAT - 1980 - 1989". 2008. Retrieved 30 August 2009. 
  11. ^ "Port AUthority Information - Penn Station". Retrieved 30 August 2009. 
  12. ^ "TransitBlog - Port Authority of Allegheny County: Super Bowl Night Service Detours". TransitBlog. Port Authority of Allegheny County. 4 February 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2011. 
  13. ^ Commuter Schedule
  14. ^ Grant Street Transportation Center
  15. ^ Greyhound - Pittsburgh

External links

  • Amtrak – Stations – Pittsburgh, PA
  • Images of Union Station, Pittsburgh
  • Burnham's papers at the Carnegie Mellon Library
  • Port Authority of Allegheny County Station Info
  • Pittsburgh Amtrak Station (USA Rail Guide -- Train Web)
  • Great American Stations
  • The Pennsylvanian
  • Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. PA-1175, "Pennsylvania Railroad Station Rotunda, Liberty, Grant & Eleventh Streets, Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, PA", 7 photos, 6 measured drawings, 3 data pages, 1 photo caption page
  • HABS No. PA-1175-A, "Pennsylvania Railroad Station, South Baggage Passage & Canopy, 1101 Liberty Avenue, Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, PA", 4 photos, 9 data pages, 1 photo caption page
  • HABS No. PA-1175-B, "Pennsylvania Railroad Station, Open Concourse & Concourse Roof Extension, 1101 Liberty Avenue, Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, PA", 4 photos, 7 data pages, 1 photo caption page
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