Verdi (crater)

Planet Mercury

64°30′N 169°00′W / 64.5°N 169°W / 64.5; -169Coordinates: 64°30′N 169°00′W / 64.5°N 169°W / 64.5; -169

Diameter 145 km (90 mi)
Eponym Giuseppe Verdi

Verdi is a relatively young impact crater on the planet Mercury. It was named after Italian Romantic composer Giuseppe Verdi (1813–1901) in 1979, as recognized by the International Astronomical Union.[1] The crater's extensive ejecta blanket and secondary crater field are superposed on plains materials and older craters.

Verdi lies in the northern section of the Shakespeare quadrangle and is relatively large for a Mercurian crater, with a low rim and shallow floor.[2] The crater has a diameter of about 145 kilometres (90 miles), although estimates of its size have varied.[3] Like its neighbour, Brahms, Verdi is "a complex crater with a central peak and terraced walls" and has several secondary craters.[4] Another key feature of the crater is its discontinuous inner rings.

Verdi was first captured by Mariner 10, a robotic space probe launched in the early 1970s to survey Venus and Mercury.[5] Verdi and most of the planet's other craters were photographed in 2011 by the Messenger mission, a probe sent by NASA to orbit and photograph the planet.[3]

Verdi is one of several craters on Mercury named after famous composers. Other examples in the Shakespeare quadrangle include Brahms (after Johannes Brahms), Scarlatti (after Domenico Scarlatti), and Couperin (after Francois Couperin).[6] A number of Mercurian craters are named after historic cultural figures from different fields, including literature, philosophy, and art, but others feature names from popular culture, including Walt Disney and Muddy Waters.[1][7]


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.