World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Veteris

Article Id: WHEBN0002172980
Reproduction Date:

Title: Veteris  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Arnemetia, Ancamna, Robor, Agrona, Arausio (god)
Collection: Gods of the Ancient Britons
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Veteris

Veteris (commonly spelled Vitiris, Vheteris, Huetiris, and Hueteris) was a Celtic god attested from many inscriptions in Roman Britain. The dedicants were usually private individuals and were exclusively male. During the 3rd Century AD the cult was particularly popular among the ranks of the Roman army.

Veteris' name was never linked with that of any of the Classical gods, but he was invoked with another local god, Mogons, at Netherby.

Centres of worship

Veteris was worshipped in Roman Britain and altar-stones raised to him have been recovered in the United Kingdom,[1] such as those excavated at:

  • Netherby (971 [Mogont Vitire], 973 [Huetiri])
  • Carrawburgh (1548 [Veteri], 1549 [Huiteribus])
  • Housesteads (1602 [Hueteri], 1603 [Huitri], 1604-7 [Veteribus])
  • Hadrian's Wall (2068 [Veteri], 2096 [Huiteribus])
  • Catterick (727)
  • Chester-le-Street (1046 [Vitiri], 1047 [Vitiribus], 1048 [Vitbus])
  • South Shields (1070c [Ansu Vitiri])
  • Lanchester (1087, 1088)
  • Ebchester (1103 & 1104 [Vitiri])
  • Corbridge (1139 [Veteri], 1140 [Vitiri], 1141 [Vit])
  • Benwell (1335 [Vetri], 1336 [Vitirbus])
  • Chesters (1455 [Vitiri], 1456 [Veteribus], 1457 [Vitirbus], 1458 [Votris?])
  • Great Chesters (1728 [Vetiri], 1729 & 1730 [Veteribus])
  • Chesterholm (1697 [Veteri], 1698 [Veteri], 1699 [Veteribus], 1722e & 1722f [Veteribus])
  • Carvoran (1793-5 [Veteri], 1796 [Vetiri], 1797 [Vetiriu], 1798 [Viterino], 1799-1801 [Vitiri], 1802/3 [Veteribus], 1804 [Viteribus], 1805 [Vitiribus])

Forty altars to this god are recorded altogether, some alluding to Veteris as a single entity, others to a multiple version, perhaps a triad. Little is known about the specific function or character of the god. Occasionally, there is iconography associated with Veteris: for example, an altar from Carvoran is decorated with images of a boar and snake, the boar indicative of hunting or war and the snake healing or death.

Etymology

Veteris may possibly be related to the Proto-Celtic root *weto- meaning 'air' or *wī-ti- meaning 'food'.[2]

Sources

  1. ^ The Gods of Roman Britain from roman-britain.org
  2. ^ Proto-Celtic—English lexicon and English—Proto-Celtic lexicon. University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies. (See also this page for background and disclaimers.) Cf. also the University of Leiden database.


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.