World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0001302931
Reproduction Date:

Title: Vexin  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Richard I of England, Henry II of England, Veliocasses, Ragenfrid, Dado (painter)
Collection: Belgae, Normandy
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Map of France showing the general location of the historical Vexin region.
Map of the Vexin, Beauvoisis, and Hurepoix by Christophe Nicolas Tassin, 1634.

The Vexin (French pronunciation: ​) is a historical county of northwestern France. It covers a verdant plateau on the right bank (north) of the Seine comprising an area east-to-west between Pontoise and Romilly-sur-Andelle (about 20 km before Rouen), and north-to-south between Auneuil and the Seine near Vernon. The plateau is crossed by the Epte and the Andelle river valleys.


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • In popular culture 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


The name of the Vexin is derived from a name for a Gaulish tribe now known as the Veliocasses that inhabited the area and made Rouen their most important city.

The Norse nobleman Rollo of Normandy (ca. 846–ca. 931), the first ruler of the Viking principality that became Normandy, made several incursions into the western half of the county. He halted his actions when the Carolingian king Charles the Simple abandoned the part of the territory that Rollo occupied under the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte in 911. The terms of the treaty established the Duchy of Normandy and fixed its boundary with the Kingdom of France along the river Epte. This divided the county of Vexin into two parts:

During the twelfth century, the Vexin was a heavily contested border between the Angevin kings of England and Capetian France. It was of particular importance because of the close proximity to Paris and the location of the route to the coastal cities of Normandy. As a result, the Vexin was the site of defensive castle construction, notably at Château Gaillard.


Today, the Vexin is shared by parts of five departments of France: Val-d'Oise and Yvelines in the Île-de-France region; Oise in the Picardie region ; and Eure and Seine-Maritime in the Haute-Normandie region. The major towns are Pontoise, Vernon, Meulan-en-Yvelines, Gisors, and Les Andelys. The plateau is primarily an agricultural region with some manufacturing located in the valleys.

The French Impressionist artist Claude Monet made his home at Giverny, and the Dutch Post-Impressionist Vincent van Gogh painted the wheat fields of Vexin.

A regional nature park was established in the French Vexin in 1995.

View of the Vexin region and the Seine river valley from La Roche-Guyon

In popular culture

Ownership of the Vexin, and the court intrigue related to securing it, is a key plot point in James Goldman's play The Lion in Winter. It also features in the Angevin novels of Sharon Kay Penman.


  • Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain:  , re: Normandy.

External links

  • Carte du Vexin, Beauvoisis, et HurepoixNorman B. Leventhal Map Center at the Boston Public Library, , historical map of the Vexin region by Christophe Nicolas Tassin (1634)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.