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Vietnam Border Defence Force

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Title: Vietnam Border Defence Force  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: People's Army of Vietnam, Border Guard Corps, Estonian Border Guard, Border guards, Lao People's Liberation Army Air Force
Collection: Border Guards, Military of Vietnam, People's Army of Vietnam
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Vietnam Border Defence Force

Vietnam Border Defense Force
Biên phòng Việt Nam
Active 1958 – Present
Country Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Type Border Guard
Size 150,000 officers and soldiers
Part of Vietnam People's Army
Headquarters Ha Noi, Vietnam
Motto Đồn là nhà, Biên giới là quê hương, Đồng bào các dân tộc là anh em ruột thịt (Post is home, Border is country, Compatriots are siblings )
Color          Forest Green
March Hành khúc Bộ đội biên phòng (Border Defense marches)
Anniversaries 3 March 1959 (date of establishment)
Engagements Vietnam War
Cambodian-Vietnamese War
Sino-Vietnamese War
Commander Lieutenant General Vo Trong Viet
Political Commissar Major General Pham Huy Tap
Chief of Staff Major General Tran Dinh Dung

Vietnam Border Defense Force is branch of the Vietnam People's Army, as the core, responsible management and protection of the sovereignty, territorial integrity, security, order and national boundaries on the mainland, islands, sea and at the gate as shall by law and is a force members in provincial areas of defense, border districts of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.[1]


  • Origins 1
  • Mission 2
  • Structure 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


On November 19, 1958, the Politburo of the Communist Party of Vietnam has decided to unite national defense forces and army units whose mission is to protect domestic, border protection, beach, boundary and other armed forces in charge of protecting the domestic and border guards,... under management by Police Department, named Guard forces. Guard forces including Border Guard and Homeland Guard.[1][2]

According to the resolution of the Politburo, Border Guard is responsible for:

  • Opportune repress spies, commandos, bandits, sea pirates and small cliques other destructive activities in cross-border, border, coast;
  • Heavily attack on any army infringe upon national borders, to cope with all activities of war while waiting for the army come to reinforce;
  • Prevent and punish smugglers on border areas;
  • Implementing regulations on cross-border promulgated by the government of Socialist Republic of Vietnam and control of cross-border traffic (including cars, people, baggage, goods, works and cultural objects from other users in Vietnam brought out abroad and brought into Vietnam);
  • Safety protect people's life and property and the State's property, the treasure, cooperatives, public schools, farms, in the border areas, against bandits, sea pirates, rangers surprised attack.

Homeland Guard is responsible for (this task transferred to police protection under the General Department of Police, Ministry of Public Security):

  • Suppress all destructive activities of the small fee, parachuting spies and violence, destruction of the other counter-revolutionary cliques;
  • Protect the headquarters, the leader of the Party and State, the diplomatic missions, international leaders and foreign guests visiting to Vietnam;
  • Protect factories, mines, warehouses important, the center of important contact information, clues and important transport axis, and an important transport, cultural facilities, science and Art is important;
  • Protect Capital, cities and towns is important, protecting the rallies by the central government regulations, executive orders curfew as needed and the people's police to maintain order general security;
  • Guarding the camps, prisons, escorting political prisoners and criminal matter, the hearing protection.

March 3, 1959, the Prime Minister of Vietnam has signed Decision No. 100 - TTg on the establishment of an armed force in charge of border protection and domestic, to be known as the People's Armed Police, set under the leadership of the Ministry of Public Security. This date is taken as the date of establishment of the Vietnam Border Defense Force.

Ceremony set up the People's Armed Police was held on the evening of March 28, 1959, at 19 hours, at the Military Club, Hanoi.

By the end of 1979 the People's Armed Police was renamed Border Defense Force and transferred under the Ministry of Defence (Vietnam). In 1988, the Border Defense Force moved to directly under the Ministry of Interior until late in 1995, then moved to the Ministry of Defence (Vietnam).[1]


Border Defense Force is the core force in charge, in coordination with other armed forces, localities and departments concerned and depend on people to manage, protect borders, maintaining security political, social order and safety in the border areas, maintaining the external border. Border Defense Force operates under the laws of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the international treaties relating to the sovereignty, national security and border on the mainland, islands, seas and border gates that the Socialist Republic of Vietnam has signed or acceded to.[1]


The organizational system of Border Defense Force includes three levels: Command (Central), Command provinces; Border posts.

Command of Border Defense Force

  • Staff
  • Department of Politics
  • Department of Logistics
  • Department of Technique
  • Department of Reconnaissance
  • Department of Drug Prevention
  • Department of Border Gate
  • Office of the Command
  • 21st Information Regiment
  • Border Defense Force Academy
  • Border Defense Force School

Border Command of the Provinces and Municipalities of Vietnam

Border posts

  • Border Defense Force Squadrons
  • Border Defense Force Flotillas


  1. ^ a b c d [1]
  2. ^ "Bộ đội Biên phòng Việt Nam – WorldHeritage tiếng Việt" (in Tiếng Việt). Retrieved 2012-03-04. 

External links

  • Vietnam Border Defense Force website
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