Vimalakīrti is the central figure in the Buddhist Vimalakīrti Nirdeśa Sūtra,[1] which presents him as the ideal Mahayanist lay practitioner[2] and a contemporary of Gautama Buddha (6th to 5th century BCE).[1] There is no mention of him in Buddhist texts until after Nāgārjuna (1st century BCE to 2nd century CE) revived the Mahāyāna teachings in India.

See also



  • Mark Dennis (trans): "Prince Shōtoku's Commentary on the Śrīmālā-sūtra", Numata Center for Buddhist Translation and Research 2011. ISBN 978-1-886439-43-6
  • Jamie Hubbard: Expository Commentary on the Vimalakīrti Sutra. Numata Center for Buddhist Translation and Research, Berkeley 2012, ISBN 978-886439-44-3
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