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Title: Vimalakirti  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Cheng Beng Buddhist Society, Early Buddhism, Bidia Dandaron, Étienne Lamotte, Bailin Temple (Beijing)
Collection: 6Th-Century Bc People, Buddhism, Early Buddhism
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Vimalakirti, 8th century wall painting, Dunhuang

Vimalakīrti (Sanskrit: विमल vimala "stainless, undefiled" + कीर्ति kīrti "fame, glory, reputation") is the central figure in the Vimalakirti Sutra,[1] which presents him as the ideal Mahayana Buddhist upāsaka ("lay practitioner")[2] and a contemporary of Gautama Buddha (6th to 5th century BCE).[1] There is no mention of him in Buddhist texts until after Nāgārjuna (1st century BCE to 2nd century CE) revived Mahayana Buddhism in India.

Vimalakīrti is characterized as a wealthy patron of Gautama Buddha. Unlike many other figures of the Mahayana literature, such as Avalokiteśvara, he is generally taken to be a historic, rather than mythic, figure and is not commonly venerated on altars nor in tantric rituals.[3]

See also


  1. ^ a b "The Vimalakirti Sutra: The Dharma-Door of Nonduality".  
  2. ^ "Vimalakirti and the Doctrine of Nonduality".  
  3. ^  


  • Jamie Hubbard: Expository Commentary on the Vimalakīrti Sutra. Numata Center for Buddhist Translation and Research, Berkeley 2012, ISBN 978-886439-44-3
  • McRae, John (2004). The Sutra of Queen Śrīmālā of the Lion's Roar and the Vimalakīrti Sutra. Numata Center for Buddhist Translation and Research; ISBN 1886439311. PDF (From Kumārajīva's Chinese version)
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