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Violant of Aragon

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Subject: 1301, James I of Aragon, Alfonso X of Castile, Alfonso XI of Castile, Ferdinand IV of Castile, Peter of Castile, John I of Portugal, Ferdinand I of Portugal, Henry II of Castile, Sancho IV of Castile
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Violant of Aragon

This article is about Queen Consort of Castile. For other uses, see Yolande of Aragon (disambiguation).
Violant of Aragon
Violant of Aragon
Queen consort of Castile and León
Tenure 1252–1284
Spouse Alfonso X of Castile
Issue
Beatrice, Marchioness of Montferrat
Ferdinand de la Cerda
Sancho IV of Castile
Father James I of Aragon
Mother Violant of Hungary
Born 8 June 1236
Zaragoza
Died 1301 (aged 64–65)
Roncesvalles
Religion Roman Catholicism

Violant or Violante of Aragon, also known as Yolanda of Aragon (8 June 1236–1301), was Queen consort of Castile and León from 1252 to 1284 as the wife of King Alfonso X.[1][2]

Life

Violant was born in Zaragoza, the daughter of King James I of Aragon (1213–1276) and his second wife the queen Yolande of Hungary (ca.1215-1253). Her maternal grandparents were Andrew II of Hungary and Gertrude of Meran.

On December 26, 1246 she married at Collegiate Valladolid to King Alfonso X of Castile who, before his marriage, had had a romantic relationship with Mayor Guillén de Guzmán who bore to him an illegitimate daughter Beatrice.

Due to Violant's young age, she was unable to get pregnant for several years. Alfonso came to believe that his wife was barren and came to even consider the possibility of asking the pope for an annulment of the marriage.

Legend has it that the Queen could not get pregnant and the doctor told her to rest. Alicante was recaptured by the Crown of Castile and the King and Queen rested in a farm located in the fields near the city, and there she became pregnant; the King decided to call the place "Pla del Bon Repos" ("Plain of good sleep"), a name that has been left to posterity and today is a suburb of Alicante.

In 1275, Violant's son and heir to Castile, Ferdinand de la Cerda died heir to the Castilian-Leonese throne and Alfonso at first ignored the rights of Ferdinand's children two sons and instead made their second son, Prince Sancho heir; he would later succeed as Sancho IV of Castile.

In response, the widow of Ferdinand, Blanche of France, enlisted the help of her brother, Philip III of France. At the same time, queen Violant sought support for her grandchildren from her brother, King Peter III of Aragon, who agreed to protect and guard them in the kingdom of Aragon, accommodating her grandchildren in the Castle of Xativa. During the reign of her son Sancho IV, and the latter's son, Ferdinand IV of Castile, Queen Violant lived almost permanently in Aragon and she supported the rights to the throne of Castile and León of her grandson, Alfonso de la Cerda.

In 1276, Violant founded the Convent of San Pablo in Valladolid. This was erected in honor of the Hungarian Order of St. Paul. Violant's mother brought some Hungarian influence on the Spanish culture, and also introduced the Order of St. Paul.

Queen Violant of Aragon died at Roncesvalles, in the kingdom of Navarre in 1301, on her return from Rome, where she had won the Jubilee in 1300.

Children

Alfonso and Violant had the following children:

  1. Ferdinand, died in infancy, and buried in Las Huelgas in Burgos.
  2. Berengaria of Castile (1253-after 1284). She was betrothed to Louis, the son and heir of King Louis IX of France, but her fiance died prematurely in 1260. She entered the convent in Las Huelgas, where she was living in 1284.
  3. Beatrice of Castile (1254–1280). She married William VII, Marquess of Montferrat.
  4. Ferdinand de la Cerda, Infante of Castile (October 23, 1255-July 25, 1275). He married Blanche, the daughter of King Louis IX of France, by whom he had two children. Because he predeceased his father, his younger brother Sancho inherited the throne.
  5. Eleanor of Castile (1257–1275)
  6. Sancho IV of Castile (13 May 1258-1295)
  7. Constance of Castile (1258- 22 August 1280), a nun at Las Huelgas.
  8. Peter of Castile (June 1260-10 October 1283)
  9. Juan of Castile, Lord of Valencia (March or April, 1262- 25 June 1319).
  10. Isabella of Castile, died young.
  11. Violant of Castile (1265–1296). She married Diego López V de Haro, Lord of Biscay
  12. James of Castile (August 1266- 9 August 1284), Lord of Cameros

Ancestry

References

Translation from Spanish World Heritage Encyclopedia

Preceded by
Jeanne of Dammartin
Queen consort of Castile and León
1252–1284
Succeeded by
Maria of Molina
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