World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

West Slavic languages

Article Id: WHEBN0000576869
Reproduction Date:

Title: West Slavic languages  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Slavic languages, Czech language, Polish language, Haplogroup T-M184, Slovincian language
Collection: West Slavic Languages
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

West Slavic languages

West Slavic
Geographic
distribution:
Central Europe
Linguistic classification: Indo-European
Subdivisions:
ISO 639-5: zlw
Glottolog: west2792[1]
}
  Countries where a West Slavic language is the national language
Balto-Slavic languages.

The West Slavic languages are a subdivision of the Slavic language group that includes Czech, Polish, Slovak, Kashubian, Lower Sorbian and Upper Sorbian.

Groups and dialects

Classification according to the traditional model:[2]

Distinctive features

Some distinctive features of the West Slavic languages, as from when they split from the East Slavic and South Slavic branches around the 3rd to 6th centuries AD, are as follows:[3]

  • development of proto-Slavic tj, dj into palatalized ts, (d)z, as in modern Polish/Czech noc ("night"; compare Russian ночь);
  • retention of the groups kv, gv as in Polish gwiazda ("star"; compare Russian звезда; but note also Russian цвет vs. Ukrainian квіт, "flower");
  • retention of tl, dl, as in Polish/Czech radlo/rádlo ("ard"; compare Russian рало);
  • palatized h (ich-Laut) developed into š, as in Polish musze (locative case of mucha, "fly");
  • the groups pj, bj, mj, vj developed into (soft) consonant forms without the epenthesis of l, as in Polish kupię ("I shall buy"; compare Russian куплю);
  • a tendency towards fixed stress (on the first or penultimate syllable);
  • use of the endings -ego, -emu for the genitive and dative singular of the adjectival declension;
  • use of the pronoun form tъnъ rather than , leading to Polish/Czech ten ("this" (masc.); compare Russian тот);
  • extension of the genitive form čьso to nominative and accusative in place of čь(to), leading to Polish/Czech co ("what", compare Russian что).

References

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "West Slavic".  
  2. ^ chapter 12
  3. ^ Zenon Klemensiewicz, Historia języka polskiego, 7th edition, Wydawnictwo naukowe PWN, Warsaw 1999. ISBN 83-01-12760-0
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.