World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Weyburn

Weyburn
City
City of Weyburn
Flag of Weyburn
Flag
Nickname(s): The Opportunity City
Motto: "Vision, Achievement, Progress"
Weyburn is located in Saskatchewan
Weyburn
Weyburn
Coordinates:
Country Canada
Province Saskatchewan
Census division Division #2
Government
 • Mayor Debra Button
 • Governing Body Weyburn City Council
 • MP Ed Komarnicki (CPC)
 • MLA Dustin Duncan (SP)
Area
 • Total 15.78 km2 (6.09 sq mi)
Elevation 561 m (1,841 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 10,484
Website City of Weyburn

Weyburn (Assiniboine: ošų́kyuze[1]) is the ninth-largest city in Saskatchewan, Canada. It is located on the Souris River 110 kilometres (68 mi) southeast of the provincial capital of Regina and is 70 km (43 mi) north of the border with the United States. The name is reputedly a corruption of the Scottish "wee burn," referring to a small creek.[2] The city is surrounded by the Rural Municipality of Weyburn No. 67.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Demographics 2
  • Geography and climate 3
    • Climate 3.1
  • Economy 4
  • Culture 5
  • Education 6
    • Elementary and secondary 6.1
    • Post-secondary 6.2
    • Other 6.3
  • Infrastructure 7
    • Transportation 7.1
    • Utilities 7.2
    • Health care 7.3
    • Public safety 7.4
  • Sports and recreation 8
  • Local media 9
  • Notable people 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12

History

The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) reached the future site of Weyburn from Brandon, Manitoba in 1892 and the Soo Line from North Portal on the US border in 1893. A post office opened in 1895 and a land office in 1899 in anticipation of the land rush which soon ensued. Weyburn was legally constituted a village in 1900, a town in 1903 and finally as a city in 1913.[3] From 1910 until 1931 the Weyburn Security Bank was headquartered in the city.[4]

Weyburn had since become an important railroad town in Saskatchewan – the Pasqua branch or the Souris, Arcola, Weyburn, Regina CPR branch; Portal Section on the CPR / Soo Line; Moose Jaw, Weyburn, Shaunavon, Lethbridge CPR section; the Brandon, Marfield, Carlyle, Lampman, Radville, Willow Bunch section of the Canadian National Railway (CNR); and the Regina, Weyburn, Radville, Estevan, Northgate CNR section have all run through Weyburn.[5][6]

Weyburn was previously home to the Souris Valley Mental Health Hospital, which was closed as a health care facility and sold in 2006, and demolished in 2009. When the mental hospital opened in 1921, it was the largest building in The British Commonwealth and was considered to be on the cutting edge of experimental treatments for people with mental disabilities. The facility had a reputation of leading the way in therapeutic programming. At its peak, the facility was home to approximately 2,500 patients. The history of the facility is explored in the documentary Weyburn: An Archaeology of Madness.[7]

Demographics

Census Population
1901 113
1911 2,210
1921 3,193
1931 5,002
1941 6,119
1951 7,148
1961 9,101
1971 8,815
1981 9,523
1991 9,673
2001 9,534
2006 9,433
2011 10,484

The city had a population of 10,484 in 2011, having increased from 9,433 in 2006.

Geography and climate

Weyburn is situated near the upper delta of the 470-mile (760 km) long Souris River. The Souris River continues southeast through North Dakota eventually meeting the Assiniboine River in Manitoba.[11] In the 1800s this area was known as an extension of the Greater Yellow Grass Marsh. Extensive flood control programs have created reservoirs, parks and waterfowl centres along the Souris River.[12] Between 1988 to 1995, the Rafferty-Alameda Project was constructed to alleviate spring flooding problems created by the Souris River.[13]

Climate

Climate data for Weyburn
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 11.5
(52.7)
16.0
(60.8)
23.3
(73.9)
32.2
(90)
37.5
(99.5)
40.5
(104.9)
41.7
(107.1)
40.0
(104)
38.0
(100.4)
31.1
(88)
24.0
(75.2)
14.5
(58.1)
41.7
(107.1)
Average high °C (°F) −10.0
(14)
−5.8
(21.6)
1.0
(33.8)
11.2
(52.2)
18.8
(65.8)
23.4
(74.1)
26.1
(79)
25.8
(78.4)
19.0
(66.2)
11.8
(53.2)
0.4
(32.7)
−6.8
(19.8)
9.6
(49.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −15.3
(4.5)
−10.9
(12.4)
−4.1
(24.6)
4.6
(40.3)
11.9
(53.4)
16.7
(62.1)
19.1
(66.4)
18.4
(65.1)
12.1
(53.8)
5.4
(41.7)
−4.5
(23.9)
−12.0
(10.4)
3.5
(38.3)
Average low °C (°F) −20.5
(−4.9)
−15.9
(3.4)
−9.3
(15.3)
−1.9
(28.6)
4.9
(40.8)
9.9
(49.8)
12.1
(53.8)
11.0
(51.8)
5.2
(41.4)
−1.2
(29.8)
−9.4
(15.1)
−17.1
(1.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
Record low °C (°F) −42.2
(−44)
−41.0
(−41.8)
−41.1
(−42)
−30.6
(−23.1)
−13.3
(8.1)
−3.9
(25)
−2.2
(28)
−2.2
(28)
−13.3
(8.1)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−34.0
(−29.2)
−42.0
(−43.6)
−42.2
(−44)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18.0
(0.709)
13.4
(0.528)
20.3
(0.799)
29.7
(1.169)
54.2
(2.134)
72.9
(2.87)
64.3
(2.531)
46.0
(1.811)
40.4
(1.591)
22.8
(0.898)
16.7
(0.657)
20.2
(0.795)
418.8
(16.488)
Source: Environment Canada[14]

Economy

Weyburn is the largest inland grain gathering point in Canada. Well over half a million tons of grain pass through the Weyburn terminals each year. Oil and gas exploration make up the other major component of the economy.[15]

Culture

The Soo Line Historical Museum (c. 1910) is a Municipal Heritage Property under Saskatchewan's Heritage Property Act.[16]

Weyburn is also home to the world's first curling museum, the Turner Curling Museum.[17]

Education

Elementary and secondary

The public school system, South East Cornerstone School Division #209, operates the following schools:

  • Assiniboia Park Elementary School
  • Haig School
  • Queen Elizabeth School
  • Souris School
  • Weyburn Junior High School
  • Weyburn Comprehensive High School

The separate school system, Holy Family Roman Catholic Separate School Division #140, operates the following school:

  • St. Michael School

Post-secondary

Southeast Regional College offers technical, trade and non-degree programs, as well as distance learning from the University of Regina and University of Saskatchewan.

Other

The Weyburn Public Library is a branch of the Southeast Regional Library system.[18]

Infrastructure

Transportation

Weyburn is located at the junction of highways 13, 35 and 39. The Weyburn Airport is located northeast of the city.

Utilities

Electricity is provided by SaskPower and natural gas is provided by SaskEnergy. The city maintains its own water treatment plant[19] and waste management system.[20] Telephone and internet services are provided by both SaskTel and Access Communications.

Health care

The Weyburn General Hospital is operated by the SunCountry Health Region.[21]

Public safety

The Weyburn Police Service provides law enforcement for the city.[22] Fire protection services are provided by the Weyburn Fire Department.[23]

Sports and recreation

Weyburn is the home of the Weyburn Red Wings of the Saskatchewan Junior Hockey League (SJHL). Weyburn is also home to the Beavers of the Western Major Baseball League, a collegiate summer baseball league located in the prairie provinces of Canada. In addition, weyburn is home to the largest amateur wrestling club in Saskatchewan. [weyburn cobra wrestling club]

Local media

Notable people

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^ Environment Canada – Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000—Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 27 July 2012
  15. ^
  16. ^ Soo Line Historical Museum. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^

External links

  • City of Weyburn
  • Wayburn Chamber of Commerce
  • South-East Cornerstone Public School Division #209
  • Holy Family Roman Catholic Separate School Division #140
  • Weyburn.Net
  • Map of Weyburn at Statcan
  • Weyburn at the Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.