World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

William Cottrell

Article Id: WHEBN0003463176
Reproduction Date:

Title: William Cottrell  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of Walt Disney Animation Studios films, Naked City (TV series), The Grasshopper and the Ants (film), Through the Mirror, The Reluctant Dragon (film)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

William Cottrell

William "Billy" Cottrell
Born 1980 (age 35–36)
Concord, North Carolina, United States
Occupation Graduate Research assistant at the University of Wisconsin–Madison
Criminal charge conspiracy to arson.
Criminal penalty eight years.
Criminal status Released.
Spouse(s) Unknown
Children none
Parent(s) William Cottrell and Heidi Schwiebert

William "Billy" Jensen Cottrell (born 1980) is a former Ph.D. candidate at the California Institute of Technology who was convicted in April 2005 of conspiracy and arson, associated with the destruction of eight sport utility vehicles and a Hummer dealership in the name of the Earth Liberation Front (ELF). He was sentenced to eight years in federal prison on arson charges and ordered to pay $3.5 million in restitution. His lawyers, however, have appealed the verdict and sentence. He was released August 16, 2011.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Summer 2003 and SUV arsons 2
  • Trial 3
  • Imprisonment 4
  • Documentary film 5
  • Decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals Ninth Circuit 6
  • References 7

Early life

After graduating from the University of Chicago, he was accepted to the graduate physics program at Caltech, where he would meet Tyler Johnson, who was also studying physics and finishing up his undergraduate work.[1]

Summer 2003 and SUV arsons

In August 2003, Cottrell and Tyler Johnson developed a plan to place bumper stickers on SUVs reading "SUV = TERRORISM."[2] In a series of emails that were later recovered by the FBI, Cottrell attempted to recruit friends to help him purchase the bumper stickers, and organised arson attacks on a series of Hummer dealers.

Trial

He was arrested in March 2004 after law enforcement tracked him sending emails to the Los Angeles Times. The e-mails signed by "Tony Marsden" speak about what the ELF cell had done, vandalizing more than 130 SUVs parked at dealerships or residential homes, claiming they were damaging the environment.[3] He was charged with conspiracy to commit arson, arson, and one count of using a destructive device during a crime of violence, in an October 24, 2004 Federal grand jury indictment. Cottrell's lawyers stated that he was diagnosed with Asperger syndrome.[4] However, Judge Gary Klausner would not allow a defense based upon the claim that Cottrell was suffering from Asperger syndrome.[4]

At his trial, Cottrell admitted being present, but denied involvement in throwing Molotov cocktails, saying Johnson was the mastermind.

An informal network of Cottrell supporters formed, led by the traitor, issue an apology to those who supported Cottrell,[5][6] and end all support.[7]

Imprisonment

An article in the LA Weekly reports that Billy was being mistreated by prison guards who have labeled him a "terrorist". According to the article, he is not permitted to study physics or Mandarin Chinese, is not permitted to teach the other prisoners calculus, and had had his books and papers removed without being given a reason.[2]

A letter in Cottrell’s defense, signed by Stephen Hawking and other prominent scientists, was distributed to prison authorities and the U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals at Cottrell’s October 18, 2006 hearing.[2] He was then transferred into another federal prison with less violent prisoners.[8] Cottrell was then able to study subjects that he was denied at the last prison and no longer had a roommate.[9]

Documentary film

A documentary film on Cottrell, titled Standard Deviation, was written and directed by David Randag and Chris Brannan in 2008.[10] In 2009, it won the Emmy for best student documentary at the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences Foundation's 30th College Television Awards.[11]

Decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals Ninth Circuit

On 8 September 2009, Cottrell's convictions and sentences for arson were overturned by the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.[12][13] However, the conspiracy conviction and sentence were affirmed. According to the Times, the omission of Cottrell's diagnosis of Asperger syndrome during his 2004 trial played a key role in the decision. Cottrell was released on August 16, 2011.

References

  1. ^ "Burned". April 10, 2005. Archived from the original on January 7, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c Lewis, Judith (February 28, 2007). "A terrible thing to waste". Archived from the original on March 4, 2007. 
  3. ^ "Earth Liberation Front suspect charged in California SUV arson, vandalism raids". Center for the Defense of Free Enterprise. March 18, 2004. Archived from the original on April 2, 2004. 
  4. ^ a b "Billy Cottrell - Innocent, Guilty or Duped?". Aspires-relationships.com. Retrieved 2015-08-26. 
  5. ^ http://www.infoshop.org/inews/comment.php?mode=view&cid=84436
  6. ^ http://www.cdfe.org/cottrell_convicted.htm
  7. ^ "Animal Crackers: William Cottrell: An Unremorseful Soul on the Eve of Sentencing". Brianoconnor.typepad.com. 2005-04-11. Retrieved 2015-08-26. 
  8. ^ http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/climate-change/the-us-addiction-to-oil-the-battered-hummer-that-symbolises-a-divided-nation-457975.html
  9. ^ "Physicists campaign to free a jailed ecoterrorist's mind". Tmcnet.com. Retrieved 2015-08-26. 
  10. ^ "Standard Deviation". Standarddeviation-themovie.com. Retrieved 2015-08-26. 
  11. ^ http://cdn.emmys.tv/media/releases/2009/rel-ctafin.php
  12. ^ http://www.ca9.uscourts.gov/datastore/memoranda/2009/09/08/05-50307am.pdf
  13. ^ "Caltech student's arson convictions are overturned in SUV bombings; sentence is vacated by appeals court | L.A. NOW | Los Angeles Times". Latimesblogs.latimes.com. 2009-09-10. Retrieved 2015-08-26. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.