World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

William Ryland

William Ryland (1770 – January 10, 1846) was a Methodist clergyman who served several terms as Chaplain of the Senate.

Early years

William Ryland was born in Ireland in 1770. He came to the United States at the age of 18 and settled in Harford County, Maryland. For a time, he engaged in business in Baltimore; on May 28, 1799 a fire in that city damaged his warehouse.[1] In 1802, he became a minister in the Methodist Church, a vocation he continued in for the remainder of his life.[2]

When Mr. Ryland entered the ministry in 1802, a friend bantered him about the matter and told him he would soon give up the ministry. This friend was in the tobacco business. He said to him, "Now, Ryland, I am so confident that you will not continue in this thing, that I promise to send a hundred of my finest cigars every year you remain a minister." For 44 years this promise was faithfully kept. General Jackson enjoyed many of these cigars, although he much preferred a corncob pipe.


His first appointment was to the Baltimore circuit, a post in which he served for nine years. While there he also befriended and at times assisted Philip William Otterbein in his ministry, sharing in the ordination of Christian Newcomer and delivering the English translation of Otterbein's funeral sermon.[3][4] Thereafter, he was sent to Annapolis, Maryland. During this time he was first elected Chaplain of the Senate. He became pastor of the Foundry Methodist Church in Washington, D.C., as well as Ebenezer Methodist Episcopal Church, in Washington, at which time he became acquainted with Andrew Jackson, who was then a United States Senator. Eight days after his inauguration as President of the United States, Jackson sent Ryland a commission as Chaplain of the Navy (sometimes called Chaplain to the Marines) in which he served the last eighteen years of his life.[2] This congregation was known as the Wesley Chapel Station, at the Washington Naval Yards.

Ryland Epworth Church is the product of three congregations. The first, Ryland Church, started in 1843 in Southwest Washington. It was called Ryland Chapel initially, in honor of Rev. William Ryland, former Chaplain of the United States Senate, who had given the land for its construction.[5] Ryland also gave the considerable sum of $1800 to erect a Methodist church that was also named in his honor Ryland Chapel in Galveston, Texas; it was dedicated on January 23, 1843.[6]

Personal life

Ryland married Joanna Mather on December 5, 1796 in Harford, Maryland.[7] Joanna (or Juanna) is buried with him in Congressional Cemetery. Buried with them is his wife's niece, Joanna Mather Ruff.[8][9] (Note, some amateur genealogists indicate a different spouse for Ryland, however, it is clear that the wife who is buried alongside him in Washington is Joanna Ryland).


Religious titles
Preceded by
Reuben Post
Chaplain of the United States Senate
November 17, 1820 – December 8, 1822
Succeeded by
Charles Pettit McIlvaine
Preceded by
William Staughton
Chaplain of the United States Senate
December 8, 1826 – December 13, 1829
Succeeded by
Henry Van Dyke Johns
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.