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Xin dynasty

Xin dynasty
新朝

9–23
Xin dynasty (teal)
Capital Chang'an
Government Monarchy
Emperor
 •  9-23 Wang Mang
History
 •  Wang Mang usurpation 10 January 9[1] 9
 •  Chang'an captured by Lülin 5 October 23[2] 23
Currency Chinese coin, gold, silver, tortoise shell, seashell
Today part of
History of China
History of China
ANCIENT
Neolithic c. 8500 – c. 2070 BC
Xia dynasty c. 2070 – c. 1600 BC
Shang dynasty c. 1600 – c. 1046 BC
Zhou dynasty c. 1046 – 256 BC
 Western Zhou
 Eastern Zhou
   Spring and Autumn
   Warring States
IMPERIAL
Qin dynasty 221–206 BC
Han dynasty 206 BC – 220 AD
  Western Han
  Xin dynasty
  Eastern Han
Three Kingdoms 220–280
  Wei, Shu and Wu
Jin dynasty 265–420
  Western Jin
  Eastern Jin Sixteen Kingdoms
Southern and Northern Dynasties
420–589
Sui dynasty 581–618
Tang dynasty 618–907
  (Wu Zhou interregnum 690–705)
Five Dynasties and
Ten Kingdoms

907–960
Liao dynasty
907–1125
Song dynasty
960–1279
  Northern Song W. Xia
  Southern Song Jin
Yuan dynasty 1271–1368
Ming dynasty 1368–1644
Qing dynasty 1644–1911
MODERN
Republic of China 1912–1949
People's Republic
of China

1949–present
Republic of
China on Taiwan

1949–present

The Xin dynasty (Chinese: 新朝; pinyin: Xīn Cháo; Wade–Giles: Hsin Ch'ao) was a Chinese dynasty (termed so despite having only one emperor) which lasted from 9 to 23 AD. It interrupted the Han dynasty, dividing it into the periods of the Western Han and the Eastern Han.

The sole emperor of the Xin dynasty, Wang Mang, was the nephew of Grand Empress Dowager Wang Zhengjun. After the death of her step-grandson Emperor Ai in 1 BC, Wang Mang rose to power. After several years of cultivating a personality cult, he finally proclaimed himself emperor in 9 AD. However, while a creative scholar and politician, he was an incompetent ruler, and his capital Chang'an was besieged by peasant rebels in 23 AD. He died in the siege, and the Han dynasty was restored by descendants of the former imperial clan.

Personal name Portrait Period of reign Era names and dates
Wang Mang 9–23 AD

Shijianguo (始建國 Shǐ Jìan Guǒ, "Start to establish a nation") 9–13 AD
Tianfeng (天鳳 Tīan Fēng, "Heavenly Feng") 14–19 AD
Dihuang (地皇 Dì Huáng, "Earthly Emperor") 20–23 AD

Notes

  1. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 36.
  2. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 39.

References

  • Book of Han, vol. 99, parts 1, 2, 3.
  • Zizhi Tongjian, vols. 36, 37, 38, 39.
  • Yap, Joseph P. Wars With the Xiongnu - A translation from Zizhi tongjian Chapter 13–17 - pp 404–601 ISBN 978-1-4490-0605-1 (sc)
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