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You've Got a Friend

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Title: You've Got a Friend  
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Subject: Carole King, James Taylor, Grammy Award for Song of the Year, Tapestry (album), You Can Close Your Eyes
Collection: 1971 Singles, 1971 Songs, 1997 Singles, 1998 Singles, Andy Williams Songs, Barbra Streisand Songs, Billboard Adult Contemporary Number-One Singles, Billboard Hot 100 Number-One Singles, Billy Ray Cyrus Songs, Carole King Songs, Celine Dion Songs, Donny Hathaway Songs, Emily Osment Songs, Gloria Estefan Songs, Grammy Award for Song of the Year, James Taylor Songs, McFly Songs, Michael Jackson Songs, Number-One Singles in Denmark, Roberta Flack Songs, Song Recordings Produced by Lou Adler, Song Recordings Produced by Peter Asher, Songs Written by Carole King, Trini Lopez Songs, Warner Bros. Records Singles
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You've Got a Friend

"You've Got a Friend"
Single by James Taylor
from the album Mud Slide Slim and the Blue Horizon
B-side "You Can Close Your Eyes"
Released 1971
Format 7"
Genre
Length 4:29
Label Warner Bros.
Writer(s) Carole King
Producer(s) Peter Asher
James Taylor singles chronology
"Country Road"
(1971)
"You've Got a Friend"
(1971)
"Long Ago and Far Away"
(1971)
Music sample
"You've Got a Friend"
Scandinavian single with "Beautiful" on the b-side
Song by Carole King from the album Tapestry
Released 1971
Genre Soft rock
Length 5:09
Label
Writer Carole King
Producer Lou Adler
Tapestry track listing
"Way Over Yonder"
(6)
"You've Got a Friend"
(7)
"Where You Lead"
(8)

"You've Got a Friend" is a 1971 song written by Carole King. It was first recorded by King, and included in her album Tapestry, although the better known version is by James Taylor from his album Mud Slide Slim, which was released as a single in 1971, and reached number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 and number 4 on the UK Singles Chart. The two versions were recorded simultaneously in 1971 with shared musicians.

"You've Got a Friend" won Grammy Awards both for Taylor (Best Male Pop Vocal Performance) and King (Song of the Year). Dozens of other artists have recorded the song over the years, including Dusty Springfield, Michael Jackson, Anne Murray and Donny Hathaway.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Reception 2
  • Other versions released as singles 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

James Taylor and Carole King at the 2010 Troubadour Reunion Tour

"You've Got a Friend" was written by Carole King during the January 1971 recording sessions for her own album Tapestry, and James Taylor's album Mud Slide Slim. King has stated that "the song was as close to pure inspiration as I've ever experienced. The song wrote itself. It was written by something outside myself, through me."[1] According to Taylor, King told him that the song was a response to a line in Taylor's earlier song "Fire and Rain" that "I’ve seen lonely times when I could not find a friend."[2][3] King's album was recorded in an overlap with Taylor's, and King, Danny Kortchmar, and Joni Mitchell perform on both. The song is included on both albums; King said in a 1972 interview that she "didn't write it with James or anybody really specifically in mind. But when James heard it he really liked it and wanted to record it".[4]

Taylor's version was released as a single, and reached number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 and number 4 on the UK Singles Chart. The James Taylor version also spent one week at the top of the Easy Listening charts.[5] Billboard ranked it as the No. 17 song for 1971.[6]

During the recording process, Taylor also offered to his Apple Records labelmate Mary Hopkin a chance to record the song, which she turned down, a decision she later said she strongly regretted.[7]

James Taylor and Carole King performed "You've Got a Friend" together in 2010 during their Troubadour Reunion Tour. In 2015, Taylor performed an acoustic rendition of the song at Hôtel de Ville, Paris at the invitation of U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Paris mayor Anne Hidalgo in tribute to the victims of the 2015 Paris attacks.[8]

Reception

According to author James D. Perone, the song's themes include an expression of "a universal, sisterly/brotherly, agape-type love of one human being for another, regardless of gender."[9] The "reassuring" lyrics have long made the song popular with lonely people needing a boost of self-confidence.[10][11] The song's messages of friendship having no boundaries and a friend being there when you are in need has universal appeal.[12] For Taylor the lyrics had particular resonance due to the depression he had recovered from shortly before hearing King play the song.[10] The music moves between a major and minor key, which according to music critic Maury Dean gives the song a "sympathetic mood."[12]

In his review of Tapestry, [13] Mojo Magazine considered the song to probably be "the core of Tapestry.[1] Allmusic critic Stewart Mason commented on the "plainspoken intimacy" of King's performance.[14] Mason finds that the "shyness" of King's voice gives her recording of the song a sincerity that he finds Taylor's to lack.[14] Mason also praises the "depth and shading" provided by the string instruments on King's recording.[14]

In his review of Mud Slide Slim and the Blue Horizon, Rolling Stone critic Ben Gerson described "You've Got a Friend" as an "affirmative song," but suggested that James Taylor's version was too similar to Carole King's original version to have been worth including on his album.[15] Music critic Maury Dean describes Taylor's performance style for the song as minimalist and folkish and comments on his "star-spangled sincerity."[12]

Other versions released as singles

The song was recorded by Roberta Flack and Donny Hathaway for their 1972 album Roberta Flack & Donny Hathaway, and was released as the album's first single. The single was released a year before the album was, and coincidentally was released on the same date as James Taylor's single: May 29, 1971. The Flack and Hathaway version reached #29 on the Billboard Hot 100, and #8 on the R&B chart.

Aretha Franklin recorded a live version of "You've Got a Friend" for her 1972 album Amazing Grace as a medley with "Take My Hand, Precious Lord". In November 1991, the coffin of Freddie Mercury was carried into the chapel for his funeral service to the sounds of Franklin's medley.[16]

"You've Got a Friend" was performed by Celine Dion, Shania Twain, Gloria Estefan, and Carole King at the VH1 Divas Live concert in Beacon Theatre, New York, 1998.[17] It was released as a single and reached number 74 on the Belgian Flanders Airplay Chart.[18]

In 2004, English R&B singer Javine released her cover of the song as half of a double A-side single, along with a cover of "Don't Walk Away". Her recording was included in the soundtrack for the 2004 film Garfield.

In 2005 British pop rock band McFly's cover of this song charted at number one in the UK Singles Chart This was released as a Double-A side along with the bands song All About You. This was also the official 2005 Comic Relief single

References

  1. ^ a b "Tapestry". The Mojo Collection (4th ed.). 
  2. ^ "James Taylor: My Life in 15 Songs".  
  3. ^ White, T. (August 4, 2015). "James Taylor Looks Back on His Classics". Easy 93.1 FM. Retrieved 2015-08-10. 
  4. ^ Harvey Kubernik (2008). "Troubadours - Carole King’s Monumental Tapestry Album | American Masters | PBS". pbs.org. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  5. ^  
  6. ^ Billboard Year-End Hot 100 singles of 1971
  7. ^ Interview with Mary Hopkin, Record Collector nr. 108, August 1988
  8. ^ [2]
  9. ^ Perone, J.D. (2006). The Words and Music of Carole King. Greenwood Publishing. p. 40.  
  10. ^ a b  
  11. ^ White, T. (2009). Long Ago and Far Away. Omnibus Press. p. 190.  
  12. ^ a b c  
  13. ^ a b  
  14. ^ a b c Mason, S. "You've Got a Friend".  
  15. ^ Gerson, B. (June 24, 1971). "Mud Slide Slim and the Blue Horizon".  
  16. ^ David Bret (2014). "Freddie Mercury: An Intimate Biography". p. 198. Lulu.com
  17. ^ Glatzer, Jenna (2005). Céline Dion: For Keeps. Andrews McMeel Publishing.  
  18. ^ Jaspers, Sam (2006). Ultratop 1995-2005. Book & Media Publishing.  

External links

Preceded by
"Indian Reservation" by The Raiders
Billboard Hot 100 number-one single (James Taylor version)
July 31, 1971 (one week)
Succeeded by
"How Can You Mend a Broken Heart" by Bee Gees
Preceded by
"It's Too Late" by Carole King
Billboard Easy Listening number-one single (James Taylor version)
July 31, 1971 (one week)
Succeeded by
"If Not for You" by Olivia Newton-John
Preceded by
"Poker Face" by Lady Gaga
Danish Singles Chart number-one single (X Factor Finalisterne 2009 version)
February 27, 2009 (two weeks)
Succeeded by
"Kun for mig" by Medina
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