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Zoucheng

 

Zoucheng

Zoucheng
邹城市
County-level city
A Zoucheng landscape
A Zoucheng landscape
Country China
Province Shandong
Prefecture-level city Jining
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Inside the Mencius Family Mansion, tablet dedicated to the 7 chapters of the Book of Mencius (七篇贻矩匾).

Zoucheng (Chinese: 邹城; pinyin: Zōuchéng) is a county-level city in the south of Shandong province in China. Before it became a city, it was known as Zou County or Zouxian.[1]

Zoucheng is located about 20 km south of the city of Qufu, and like Qufu, is administratively under the prefecture-level city of Jining. Its population was 1,116,700 at the 2010 census even though its built-up (or metro) area is much smaller.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Other historical sites 2
  • Transportation 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

The philosopher Mencius was born in Zoucheng, and there are four famous sites in the city relating to Mencius, including the Mencius Temple (simplified Chinese: 孟庙; traditional Chinese: 孟廟; pinyin: MèngMiào), the Mencius Family Mansion (Chinese: 孟府; pinyin: MèngFǔ), the Mencius Forest (Chinese: 孟林; pinyin: MèngLín, ), and Mencius' Mother's Forest (Chinese: 孟母林; pinyin: MèngMǔLín, ).

The Mencius Temple, which covers an area of more than 4 hectares (9.9 acres) on the south side of town, has five courtyards and sixty-four halls and rooms. It was built in 1037.[2] The Mencius Mansion, where his descendants lived, is adjacent to the temple, and has 116 halls and rooms.[3]

According to the management of the Mencius Temple, the temple grounds house over 270 stone steles and sculptures, some of which dating from as early as the Song Dynasty.[4] Among them are some Yuan Dynasty stelae with inscriptions in 'Phags-pa script.[5]

Other historical sites

Immediately to the north of Zoucheng lies the tomb of the Ming King of Lu (明鲁王墓). It is the tomb of Zhu Tan (1370-1389), the tenth child of the first Ming Emperor (Hongwu). There is also a royal tomb from the Han Dynasty (汉鲁王墓).

Transportation

References

  1. ^   - Rev. A. Williamson's account of his visit to Zoucheng (Tsou-hien, or Tsiu-hien, in his transcription) and the Temple of Mencius in 1865
  2. ^ "Mengzi Temple". China Travel Tour Guide. Retrieved 31 July 2010. 
  3. ^ "Mengzi Mansion". China Travel Tour Guide. Retrieved 31 July 2010. 
  4. ^ Overview of steles at the Temple of Mencius, placard on site.
  5. ^ 孟子故里文化典藏丛书之五《孟庙孟府孟林》

External links

  • Zoucheng municipal website (Chinese)

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