World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Rodney Alcala

Article Id: WHEBN0026528657
Reproduction Date:

Title: Rodney Alcala  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: The Dating Game, Rodney, List of University of California, Los Angeles people, Femicide, List of serial killers by number of victims, Aphrodite Jones, Cyrus Vance, Jr.
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Rodney Alcala

Rodney James Alcala (born Rodrigo Jacques Alcala Buquor; August 23, 1943) is a convicted rapist and serial killer. He was sentenced to death in California in 2010 for five murders committed in that state between 1977 and 1979.[1] In 2013 he received an additional sentence of 25 years to life after pleading guilty to two homicides in New York in 1971 and 1977.[2] His true victim count remains unknown, and could be much higher.[3][4][5] Prosecutors say that Alcala "toyed" with his victims, strangling them until they lost consciousness, then waiting until they revived, sometimes repeating this process several times before finally killing them.[6][7]

He is sometimes labeled the "Dating Game Killer" because of his 1978 appearance on the television show The Dating Game in the midst of his murder spree.[8] Police discovered a collection of more than 1,000 photographs taken by Alcala, mostly of women and teenaged boys, most of them in sexually explicit poses. They speculate that some of his photographic subjects could be additional victims.[6]

One police detective called Alcala "a killing machine"[9] and others have compared him to Ted Bundy.[10] A homicide investigator familiar with the evidence speculates that he could have murdered as many as 50 women,[4] while other estimates have run as high as 130.[11]

Early life and education

Alcala was born Rodrigo Jacques Alcala Buquor in San Antonio, Texas, to Raoul Alcala Buquor and Anna Maria Gutierrez.[12] His father abandoned the family and his mother moved Rodney and his sisters to suburban Los Angeles when he was about 12.[13]

He joined the U.S. Army in 1960, at age 17, where he served as a clerk. In 1964, after what was described as a "nervous breakdown", he was diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder[14] by a military psychiatrist and discharged on medical grounds.[15] Other diagnoses later proposed by various psychiatric experts at his trials included narcissistic personality disorder, borderline personality disorder,[16] and (from homicide expert Vernon Geberth) "malignant narcissistic personality disorder with the following comorbidities: psychopathy and sexual sadism".[17]

After leaving the Army, Alcala—who claims to have a "genius-level" IQ—graduated from the UCLA School of Fine Arts and later studied film under Roman Polanski at New York University.[6]

Early criminal history

Alcala committed his first known crime in 1968: A motorist in Los Angeles witnessed him luring an eight-year-old girl named Tali Shapiro[18] into his Hollywood apartment and called police. The girl was found in the apartment raped and beaten with a steel bar, but Alcala escaped.[19] He fled to the east coast and enrolled in the NYU film school using the name "John Berger". During the summer months he also obtained a counseling job at a New Hampshire arts camp for children using a slightly different alias, "John Burger".[6]

In June 1971 Cornelia Michel Crilley, a 23-year-old Trans World Airlines flight attendant, was found raped and strangled in her Manhattan apartment. Her murder would remain unsolved for the next 40 years.[20]

Later that summer two children at the New Hampshire arts camp noticed Alcala's FBI wanted poster at the post office and notified camp directors. He was arrested and extradited to California. By then Tali Shapiro's parents had relocated their entire family to Mexico and refused to allow her to testify at Alcala's trial.[18] Unable to convict him of rape and attempted murder without their primary witness, prosecutors were forced to permit Alcala to plead guilty to a lesser charge of assault.[21] He was paroled after 17 months, under the "indeterminate sentencing" program popular at the time, which allowed parole boards to release offenders as soon as they demonstrated evidence of rehabilitation. Less than two months later he was arrested after assaulting a 13-year-old girl referred in court records as "Julie J.", who had accepted what she thought would be a ride to school. Once again he was paroled after serving 24 months of an "indeterminate sentence".[22]

In 1977, after his second release from prison, Alcala's Los Angeles parole officer permitted him to travel to New York City. NYPD cold-case investigators now believe that a week after arriving in Manhattan, Alcala killed Ellen Jane Hover, 23, daughter of the owner of Ciro’s, a popular Hollywood nightclub and goddaughter of Dean Martin and Sammy Davis, Jr.[23] Her remains were found buried on the grounds of the Rockefeller Estate in Westchester County.[20]

In 1978 Alcala worked for a short time at the Los Angeles Times as a typesetter, and was interviewed by members of the Hillside Strangler task force as part of their investigation of known sex offenders. Although Alcala was ruled out as the Hillside Strangler, he was arrested and served a brief sentence for marijuana possession.[24]

During this period Alcala also convinced hundreds of young men and women that he was a professional fashion photographer, and photographed them for his "portfolio." A Times co-worker later recalled that Alcala shared his photos with workmates. "I thought it was weird, but I was young, I didn’t know anything," she said. "When I asked why he took the photos, he said their moms asked him to. I remember the girls were naked.”[25] "He said he was a professional, so in my mind I was being a model for him," said one of the women, who permitted Alcala to photograph her in 1979. The portfolio also included "...spread after spread of [naked] teenage boys," she said.[6] Most of the photos are sexually explicit,[26] and most remain unidentified. Police fear that some of the subjects may be additional cold-case victims.[6]

Samsoe murder and first two trials

Robin Samsoe, a 12-year-old girl from Huntington Beach, California, disappeared somewhere between the beach and her ballet class on June 20, 1979. Her decomposing body was found 12 days later in the Los Angeles foothills.[27] Police subsequently found Samsoe's earrings in a Seattle locker rented by Alcala.[6]

In 1980 Alcala was tried, convicted, and sentenced to death for Samsoe's murder, but the verdict was overturned by the California Supreme Court because jurors had been improperly informed of his prior sex crimes.[18] In 1986, after a second trial virtually identical to the first except for omission of the prior criminal record testimony, he was convicted again and sentenced to death, again. A Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals panel nullified the second conviction, in part because a witness was not allowed to support Alcala's contention that the park ranger who found Samsoe's body had been "hypnotized by police investigators".[15][28]

Additional victims

While preparing their third prosecution in 2003, Orange County investigators learned that Alcala's DNA, sampled under a new state law (over his objections), matched semen left at the rape-murder scenes of two women in Los Angeles. Another pair of earrings found in Alcala's storage locker matched the DNA of one of the two victims.[18] Additional evidence, including another cold-case DNA match in 2004, led to Alcala's indictment for the murders of four additional women: Jill Barcomb, 18, a New York runaway found "rolled up like a ball" in a Los Angeles ravine in 1977,[29] and originally thought to have been a victim of the Hillside Strangler; Georgia Wixted, 27, bludgeoned in her Malibu apartment in 1977; Charlotte Lamb, 31, raped and strangled in the laundry room of her El Segundo apartment complex in 1978; and Jill Parenteau, 21, killed in her Burbank apartment in 1979.[6] All of the bodies were found " carefully chosen positions".[29]

Third (joined) trial

In 2003 prosecutors entered a motion to join the Samsoe charges with those of the four newly discovered victims. Alcala's attorneys contested it; as one of them explained, "If you’re a juror and you hear one murder case, you may be able to have reasonable doubt. But it’s very hard to say you have reasonable doubt on all five, especially when four of the five aren’t alleged by eyewitnesses but are proven by DNA matches."[30] In 2006, the California Supreme Court ruled in the prosecution's favor,[18] and in February 2010 Alcala stood trial on the five joined charges.

For the third trial Alcala elected to act as his own attorney. He took the stand in his own defense, and for five hours played the roles of both interrogator and witness, asking himself questions (addressing himself as "Mr. Alcala" in a deeper-than-normal voice), and then answering them.[30] During this bizarre self-questioning and answering session he told jurors, often in a rambling monotone, that he was at Knott's Berry Farm when Samsoe was kidnapped.[27] He showed the jury a portion of his 1978 appearance on The Dating Game in an attempt to prove that the earrings found in his Seattle locker were his, not Samsoe's;[31] but any earrings he might have worn on the program were obscured by his shoulder-length hair.[32] He made no significant effort to dispute the four added charges.[8] As part of his closing argument, he played the portion of the Arlo Guthrie song "Alice's Restaurant" in which the protagonist tells a psychiatrist that he wants to "kill".[33]

After less than two days' deliberation the jury convicted Alcala on all five counts of first-degree murder. A surprise witness during the penalty phase of the trial was Tali Shapiro, Alcala's first known victim.[18][21] In March 2010 he was sentenced to death for a third time.[34]

Dating Game appearance

In 1978, despite his status as a convicted rapist and registered sex offender, Alcala was accepted as a contestant on The Dating Game. By then he had already killed at least two women in California and two others in New York.[35] Host Jim Lange introduced him as a "successful photographer who got his start when his father found him in the darkroom at the age of 13, fully developed. Between takes you might find him skydiving or motorcycling".

Actor Jed Mills, who competed against Alcala as "Bachelor #2", later described him as a "very strange guy" with "bizarre opinions".[8] He asserted that Alcala did not wear earrings on the show, as he claimed during his 2010 trial; earrings were not yet a socially acceptable accoutrement for men in 1978. "I had never seen a man with an earring in his ear", he said. "I would have noticed them on him".[29]

Alcala won the contest, and a date with "bachelorette" Cheryl Bradshaw, who subsequently refused to go out with him, according to published reports, because she found him "creepy".[6][8] Criminal profiler Pat Brown, noting that Alcala killed Robin Samsoe and at least two other women after his Dating Game appearance, speculated that Bradshaw's rejection might have been an exacerbating factor. "One wonders what that did in his mind", Brown said. "That is something he would not take too well. [Serial killers] don't understand the rejection. They think that something is wrong with that girl: 'She played me. She played hard to get.'"[8]

Appeal status and additional charges

Alcala has been incarcerated since his 1979 arrest for Samsoe's murder. During the period between his second and third trial he wrote and self-published You, the Jury, in which he claimed innocence in the Samsoe case and suggested a different suspect. He also filed two lawsuits against the California penal system, for a slip-and-fall incident and for refusing to provide him a low-fat diet.[15][36]

New York State

After his 2010 conviction New York authorities announced that they would no longer pursue Alcala because of his status as a prisoner awaiting execution.[30] Nevertheless, in January 2011 a Manhattan grand jury indicted him for the murders of Ellen Hover, the Ciro's heiress, and Cornelia Crilley, the TWA flight attendant.[4][35] In June 2012 he was extradited to New York, where he initially pled not guilty to the Hover and Crilley homicides;[37] but in December he changed his plea to guilty on both counts, citing a desire to return to California to pursue appeals of his death penalty conviction.[38] On January 7, 2013 he received an additional 25-years-to-life sentence.[2]

San Francisco

In March 2011 investigators in Marin County, north of San Francisco, announced that they were "confident" that Alcala was responsible for the 1977 murder of 19-year-old Pamela Jean Lambson, who disappeared after making a trip to Fisherman's Wharf to meet a man who had offered to photograph her. Her battered, naked body was subsequently found in Marin County near a hiking trail. With no fingerprints or usable DNA, charges are unlikely to be filed, but police claimed that there is sufficient evidence to convince them that Alcala committed the crime.[5]

Washington State

An investigation is ongoing in Seattle regarding Alcala's possible connection with the murders of Antoinette Wittaker, 13, in July 1977, and Joyce Gaunt, 17, in February 1978. In 1979 Alcala rented the Seattle-area locker where investigators eventually found jewelry belonging to two of his California victims.[39][40]

Unidentified photographs

In March 2010, the Huntington Beach and New York City Police Departments released 120 of Alcala's photographs and sought the public's help in identifying them, in the hope of determining if any of the women and children he photographed were additional victims.[6][41] Approximately 900 additional photos could not be made public, police said, because they were too sexually explicit.[26] In the first few weeks, police reported that approximately 21 women had come forward to identify themselves,[42] and "at least 6 families" said they believed they recognized loved ones who "disappeared years ago and were never found".[43] However, according to one published account, as of November 2010 none of the photos had been unequivocally connected to a missing person case or an unsolved murder.[30]

As of September 2013 the original 120 photos remain posted online, and police continue to solicit the public's help with further identifications.[44]


  • Rodney Alcala (legal name)
  • Rod Alcala
  • John Berger
  • John Burger


year of event Event, victim name indicates date of crime Offense; offender status/location Alias/note
1961-64 U.S. Army
1968 Graduated from UCLA
1968 Tali Shapiro Rape, attempted murder; Pled guilty to assault, 1971/California
1968-71 Fugitive, student NYU Film School, camp counselor New York, New Hampshire John Berger, John Burger
1971 Cornelia Crilley Murder; Indicted, 2011/New York
1971–74 Incarcerated (Tali Shapiro conviction) California
1974 "Julie J." Parole violation, providing marijuana to minor; Convicted, 1974/California
1974-77 Incarcerated ("Julie J." conviction) California
1977 Ellen Hover Murder; Indicted, 2011/New York John Berger
1977 Worked as Los Angeles Times typesetter California
1977 Antoinette Wittaker Murder; Suspect, Washington
1977 Jill Barcomb Murder; Convicted, 2010/California
1977 Questioned by FBI regarding Hover California Rodney Alcala, John Berger
1977 Georgia Wixted Murder; Convicted, 2010/California
1977 Pamela Jean Lambson Murder; Accused, 2011/California
1978 Joyce Gaunt Murder; Suspect/Washington
1978 Interviewed by Hillside Strangler task force California
1978 Incarcerated (marijuana possession) California
1978 Contestant, The Dating Game California
1978 Charlotte Lamb Murder; Convicted, 2010/California
1979 Jill Parenteau Murder; Convicted, 2010/California
1979 Robin Samsoe Murder; Convicted, 1980, 1986, 2010/California
1979 Arrested on suspicion of Samsoe murder California
1980 Conviction #1, sentenced to death for Samsoe murder California
1984 Conviction #1 overturned by California Supreme Court California
1986 Conviction #2, sentenced to death for Samsoe murder California
1994 You, the Jury Self-published book asserting innocence in Samsoe case
2001 Conviction #2 overturned by the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit California
2003 DNA collected, 4 additional murders discovered California
2003 Motion to join Samsoe case with 4 others proposed; contested by Alcala California
2006 Case join granted by California Supreme Court California
2010 Conviction #3, sentenced to death for murders of Samsoe, Parenteau, Lamb, Wixted, and Barcomb California
2011 Indicted for murders of Hover, Crilley New York
2013 Pled guilty; sentenced to 25 years to life for murders of Hover, Crilley New York

See also


External links

  • Orange County, CA District Attorney Gallery of Alcala's Photographs
  • TruTV Case Profile
  • LA Times: Federal Judge Overturns Alcala Conviction 2001
  • Alcala v Orange County, Alcala's Objection to joining the 5 cases.
  • Internet Movie Database
  • Video of Alcala's appearance on the Dating Game, Sept. 13, 1978
  • The Seattle Times: Photos from Rodney Alcala's storage locker 142 photographs
  • CBS storage locker photographs.
  • City of Huntington Beach, California - Rodney Alcala Photo Identification photographs, hi-res

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.