World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Minor Planet Center

Article Id: WHEBN0000578869
Reproduction Date:

Title: Minor Planet Center  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kuiper belt, Meanings of minor planet names: 2001–2500, (13463) Antiphos, (161371) Bertrandou, (20837) Ramanlal
Collection: Astronomy Organizations, Minor Planets
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Minor Planet Center

The Minor Planet Center (MPC) is the official worldwide organization in charge of collecting observational data for minor planets (asteroids) and comets, calculating their orbits and publishing this information via the Minor Planet Circulars. Under the auspices of the International Astronomical Union, it operates at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, which is part of the Center for Astrophysics along with the Harvard College Observatory.

The MPC runs a number of free online services for observers to assist them in observing minor planets and comets. The complete catalogue of minor planet orbits (sometimes referred to as the "Minor Planet Catalogue") may also be freely downloaded. In addition to astrometric data, the MPC collects light curve photometry of minor planets. A key function of the MPC is helping observers coordinate follow up observations of possible Near Earth Objects (NEOs) via the NEO Confirmation Page and NEOCP Blog. The MPC is also responsible for identifying, and alerting to, new NEOs with a risk of impacting Earth in the few weeks following their discovery.

The Minor Planet Center was set up at the University of Cincinnati in 1947, under the direction of Paul Herget.[1]:64–65[2]:63 Upon Herget's retirement on June 30, 1978,[2]:67 the MPC was moved to the SAO, under the direction of Brian G. Marsden.[2]:67 From 2006 - 2015,[3] the director of the MPC was Timothy B. Spahr,[4] who oversaw a staff of five. Currently the Minor Planet Center is run by Matthew Holman[5] as an interim director, and awaits the announcement of a permanent one.

See also

References

  1. ^ Donald E. Ostertbrock & P. Kenneth Seidelmann (1987). Paul Herget 1908 - 1981. A Biographical Memoir (PDF). National Academy of Sciences. 
  2. ^ a b c Brian G. Marsden (1980). "The Minor Planet Center" (PDF). Celestial Mechanics 22: 63–71.  
  3. ^ "The Daily Minor Planet Blog". Minor Planet Center. 
  4. ^ "MPEC 2010-W10". Minor Planet Center. 
  5. ^ "The Daily Minor Planet Blog". Minor Planet Center. 

External links

  • Minor Planet Center
  • MPCORB orbit catalogue
  • Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.