World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

St Peter

Article Id: WHEBN0015234320
Reproduction Date:

Title: St Peter  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of ecclesiastical works by E. G. Paley, Edmund Sharpe, Sir Edwyn Hoskyns, 12th Baronet, James Slade, List of churches in Greater Manchester
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

St Peter

St Peter's Church
The Parish Church of St Peter, Bolton-le-Moors
St Peter's Church
Location Bolton
Country England
Denomination Church of England
Website boltonparishchurch.co.uk
History
Founded Anglo-Saxon origin
Dedication Saint Peter
Consecrated 29 June 1871
Architecture
Status Parish Church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade II*
Designated 26 April 1974
Architect(s) Edward Paley
Style Gothic Revival
Completed 1871
Construction cost £45,000
Specifications
Length 156 feet (48 m)
Width 67 feet (20 m)
Height Roof 82 feet (25 m)
Tower 180 feet (55 m)
Materials Longridge stone
Administration
Parish Bolton-le-Moors
Archdeaconry Bolton
Diocese Manchester
Province York
Clergy
Vicar(s) Revd. Matt Thompson
Curate(s) Revd. Prof. Kenneth Newport, MSt Dphil
Laity
Director of music Michael Pain
Organist(s) Stephen Carleston
Altar and reredos

St Peter's Church, Bolton-le-Moors, commonly known as Bolton Parish Church, is a Church of England parish church in Bolton, Greater Manchester, England. The parish church, dedicated to St Peter, is an example of the Gothic Revival style. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a Grade II* listed building, having been designated in 1974.[1] St Peter's is an active parish church in the Diocese of Manchester and is part of the Bolton deanery and Bolton archdeaconry.[2]

History

The church, on a hill overlooking the River Croal, is the fourth to be built on the site. Until the 1840s the ancient ecclesiastical parish of Bolton-le-Moors covered a large area divided into townships some of which had chapels of ease.[3][4] The modern parish covers the town centre and its immediate surroundings.[5]

Demolition of the 15th-century church in 1866 revealed several pre-Norman stones under the tower, including a preaching cross in three pieces. Fragments of other crosses and stones from the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries, a sepulchral slab, stone coffin, and the remains of a 14th-century stone female figure, indicate that two earlier churches had existed on the same site, one Anglo Saxon and one Norman.[3]

Little is known of the first two buildings, but the squat, 15th-century church which replaced the Norman structure had an embattled west tower, a chancel, nave, north and south aisles and a south porch which was rebuilt in 1694. Its east window had seven lights. The Chetham and Bradford Chapels occupied the east end of the aisles on either side of the chancel. Galleries were added in the 18th century and the aisle walls were raised and windows inserted to light them. Though the church was modified over the years, the population of Bolton expanded rapidly during the Industrial Revolution and the church, in a poor state of repair, became too small and was demolished.[3] Fragments of stone and other artefacts from the first three buildings are displayed in the museum corner of the present church.[6]

The present church, built between 1867 and 1871, was designed by the Lancaster architect E. G. Paley. It cost £45,000 (£3,740,000 in 2016),[7] and was paid for by Peter Ormrod, a local cotton spinner and banker, of Halliwell Hall.[8]

Structure

The church is 67 feet (20 m) wide, 156 feet (48 m) long, and 83 feet (25 m) high. Its tower is 180 feet (55 m) high, and is the highest church tower in the historic county of Lancashire.[9]

Exterior

The church, built in wrought-iron screen. The vestry, which was added later at its north east corner, is reminiscent of the chapter houses of pre-Reformation abbeys.[1]

The four-stage tower projects from the west end of the north aisle and has clasping buttresses at each corner which terminate in crocketted finials. There are two-light decorated, lancet windows in the second and third stages, and paired bell-chamber lights at the fourth stage. Its west door is in a moulded archway with polished granite shafts. The door, designed by Hubert Austin, retains its original ornate hammered ironwork door furniture.[1]

The church has a five-bay nave, divided by buttresses with lean-to aisles and a clerestory above. In each bay is a three-light decorated window with tracery. The clerestory has paired windows with ball flower decorations and gargoyles. There are traceried pinnacles at the east end of chancel. There is a seven-light east window in the chancel with lancet windows above it. The north transept has a seven-light window and there is a five-light decorated window in the south transept. The lady chapel to the east of the chancel has two two-light windows to south and a three-light east window.[1]

Fittings and furnishings

The chancel and west end of the nave have encaustic tiled floors by Minton. The octagonal wood panelled pulpit wraps round the northern crossing pier, it has stone base and a wrought iron rail to the stairs. The nave seating, canopied civic stalls and choir stalls are original.[1] Three misericords were saved from the 15th-century church.

Of the eight bells installed when the church opened, five were cast in 1699 by Henry Bagley of Ecton in Northamptonshire and three by Rudhall of Gloucester in 1806.[3] The old bells were replaced by the bells from Saviours Church on Deane Road in 1974. Five new trebles were recast from the old bells by John Taylor & Co and the tenor bell was retained and hung "dead" and is rung electrically when required. The tenor bell is inscribed, "I to the Chvrch the living call And to the grave doe svmmon all Henry Bagley made mee 1699".[10]

An organ built in 1795 was enlarged in 1852 and replaced in 1882 by a new one which reused some of the old pipes.[1][3] The three-manual organ built by A.G. Hill in 1882, in a case decorated with stylised flowers and angels, was rebuilt in 2008 by Principal Pipe Organs of York. The organ has almost 3,000 internal pipes, the largest 16 feet long and the smallest half an inch.[11][12]

Vicars of Bolton-le-Moors

The following is a list of the vicars since the Reformation:[3]

[13]

Directors of Music

  • William Lonsdale c. 1809–25
  • Witton Thomas c. 1825–40
  • John Fawcett, BMus 1840–57
  • John Aspinall 1857–64
  • Joseph Varey 1865
  • John H. L. Glover 1865–67
  • Miss S. Warbreck 1867–69
  • William Best 1869–89
  • Walter J. Lancaster, BMus, FRCO, LRAM 1889–1947
  • George Fisher, BMus, FRCO, LRAM 1947–52
  • Arthur M. Stanier, LRAM, ARCO 1952–56
  • P. A. S. Stevens, BSc, BMus 1957–58
  • William Morgan, BA, FRCO 1959–86
  • Kevin Morgan, BA, PhD, FRCO, LRAM 1986–96
  • Martin Bussey, MA 1996–2000
  • Stephen H. Carleston, MA, FRCO (Chm) 2000–09
  • Michael J. Pain, MA, FRCO, LRAM, ARCM since 2009

See also

References

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d e f
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b c d e f
  4. ^
  5. ^ Bolton-le-Moors: St Peter (Parish Map). URL accessed 6 February 2008.
  6. ^
  7. ^ UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2015), "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
  8. ^ Brandwood et al. 2012, p. 222
  9. ^ Brandwood et al. 2012, p. 66
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^ Life of the priest. Parish Magazine, June Issue 2008, page 6. Retrieved 24 March 2009.

Bibliography

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.