Bears in Anchorage, Alaska

Bear print in the driveway of a home in Anchorage, Alaska

There are many grizzly and black bears in Anchorage, Alaska.

Contents

  • Bear population 1
  • Human–bear encounters and management issues 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Further reading 5

Bear population

There are between 200 and 300 black bears living in the city, according to a rough estimate given by State of Alaska wildlife biologist Rick Sinnott.[1] DNA studies based on collected hair samples have shown that the city is also home to at least 36 grizzly bears.[1] (That figure, however, is likely an underestimate: hair was collected from only seven of eleven grizzly bears that had been radio-collared in a separate study.[1]) Anecdotal accounts suggest that bear sightings are increasing in frequency, but biologists are skeptical that this increase in observations is indicative of a population increase.[1]

Spawning salmon in Campbell Creek attract many bears to the city from the Chugach Mountains.[1]

Human–bear encounters and management issues

Though bear populations may not be increasing, human–bear encounters are on the rise.[1] As Anchorage's population has increased and urbanization has removed forest, bears have become easier to spot.[1]

In the late 1990s, Anchorage residents responding to a survey indicated that they wanted more animals, including bears, in the city.[1] It is unclear whether attitudes have remained the same, with some people growing uncomfortable with increasing bear encounters.[1]

Recent laws have made it illegal to put out garbage before the morning of trash day, and the Alaska Department of Fish and Game has lobbied the city to enforce the law by ticketing.[1] The ADFG has also undertaken a bear education campaign, including sending employees door to door to discourage Anchorage residents from leaving food and garbage out.[1]

In 1995, two runners were killed by a bear just south of the city on the McHugh Creek trail.[2] Two maulings in July and August 2008 were the first maulings in the city proper in modern times.[2]

See also

  • John Pezzenti, wildlife photographer noted for his shots of bears in Alaska

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Medred, Craig (6 July 2008). "Bears among us: Too close for comfort?".  
  2. ^ a b Medred, Craig (1 July 2008). "Trail closed; attack sparks debates".  

Further reading

  • http://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/17/us/17bears.html
  • http://www.csmonitor.com/1999/1224/p2s2.html
  • http://www.adn.com/news/alaska/ap_alaska/story/502497.html
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