Arcesilaus i of cyrene

This article is about second Greek king of Cyrenaica. For other uses, see Arcesilaus (disambiguation).

Arcesilaus I or Arcesilaus I of Cyrene (Greek: ο Ἀρκεσίλαος; flourished 7th and 6th century BC) was the second Greek king of Cyrenaica and the second king of the Battiad dynasty.


Arcesilaus was the son of Battus I, the first king of Cyrenaica and Cyrene. Arcesilaus’ paternal grandparents were the Cretan Princess Phronima and the distinguished Therean nobleman called Polymnestus.


Very little is known on the life and reign of Arcesilaus. He succeeded to the throne after the death of his father in 600 BC. Herodotus says that the number of people in Cyrene during his reign remained equal to the original number of settlers under Battus. Arcesilaus died in 583 BC and was buried near his father.


His son, Battus II, succeeded him. Arcesilaus also had a daughter called Critola.

See also


  • Herodotus, The Histories, Book 4.
  • Google Books
  • Cyrene in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, by William Smith (1873)
Arcesilaus I of Cyrene
Battiad Dynasty
Died: 583 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Battus I
King of Cyrene
600 BC – 583 BC
Succeeded by
Battus II
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