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Cheeseekau

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Cheeseekau

Cheeseekau
Pepquannakek (Gunshot), Popoquan (Gun), Sting, and Chiksika
Kispoko Shawnee leader
Succeeded by Tecumseh
Personal details
Born c. 1760
Died February 1792
Tennessee
Relations Five younger brothers, including Tecumseh, Tenskwatawa, Sauwaseekau, Nehaseemo, Kumskaukau ; sister Tecumapease
Parents Puckeshinwa and Methoataaskee
Nickname(s) Matthew

Cheeseekau (c. 1760–1792), better known as Matthew, was a war chief of the Kispoko division of the Shawnee Nation.[1][2] Also known as Pepquannakek (Gunshot), Popoquan (Gun), Sting, and Chiksika.[3][4] Although primarily remembered as the eldest brother and mentor of Tecumseh, who became famous after Cheeseekau's death, Cheeseekau was a well-known leader in his own time, and a contemporary of Blue Jacket.

Few details are known about Cheeseekau's early life. He may have been born along the Tallapoosa River in what is now Alabama. His parents, Puckeshinwa and Methoataaskee, moved north to the Ohio Country around the time of his birth. After Pukeshinwa's death in the Battle of Point Pleasant in 1774, Cheeseekau assumed much of the responsibility for his younger brothers, including Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa.[5][6]

During the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), Cheeseekau joined with those Shawnees who allied themselves with the British and sought to drive the American settlers out of Kentucky. After the war, as Americans expanded into Ohio, in 1788 Cheeseekau led a group of Shawnees to Missouri. American colonists were moving to Missouri too, and so Cheeseekau instead resettled his band at the village of Running Water on the Tennessee River. There he joined Dragging Canoe's militant Chickamauga Cherokee, fighting against American expansion. He died in February 1788, after being mortally wounded during an attack on Bledsoe's Station, a frontier fort near Nashville, TN.[7][8]

Notes

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  8. ^ Brown, p. 271

Sources

  • Brown, John P. Old Frontiers: The Story of the Cherokee Indians from Earliest Times to the Date of Their Removal to the West, 1838. (Kingsport: Southern Publishers, 1938).
  • Eckert, Allan W. A Sorrow in Our Heart: The Life of Tecumseh. (New York: Bantam, 1992).
  • Sugden, John. Tecumseh: A Life. New York: Holt, 1997. ISBN 0-8050-4138-9 (hardcover); ISBN 0-8050-6121-5 (1999 paperback).
  • Sugden, John. "Cheeseekau". American National Biography. 4:767–68. Ed. John A. Garraty and Mark C. Carnes. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. ISBN 0-19-512783-8.

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