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Compass Point All Stars

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Subject: Ian Dury, Mick Jagger, Joe Cocker, Jimmy Cliff, Tina Weymouth, Tom Tom Club, Gwen Guthrie, Mikey Chung, Sly and Robbie, Chris Frantz
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Compass Point All Stars

The Compass Point phenomenon was designed to be to reggae-based pop/rock music of the 80s, what Nashville was to country music, or the Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section was to soul and R&B in the 60s: a recording facility animated by in-house sets of artists, musicians, producers and engineers, all dedicated to a specific and highly recognizable sound and style.

Story

The Beginning

It all started with Compass Point Studios built in 1977 in Nassau, Bahamas, by visionary Chris Blackwell, founder of Island Records. The core of what would later be called the Compass Point All Stars (sometime spelled Allstars), stricto sensu, was a recording band that Blackwell put together in 1980, based on jamaïcan (reggae) foundation shaped around legendary combo Sly & Robbie,[1] with Sly Dunbar (drums), Robbie Shakespeare (bass), joined by Mikey Chung (guitar) and Uziah "Sticky" Thompson (percussion), with British rock flavour brought by Barry Reynolds (guitar, of Marianne Faithfull's Broken English fame[2]), spiced up by synth-dominated keyboards from French-African Wally Badarou [3] (of burgeoning Level 42), and Tyrone Downie later (keyboards of The Wailers fame). Together, under Blackwell's direction in person, and building on co-producer Alex Sadkin's skills at engineering and mixing, the recording band managed to deliver a highly praised and distinct sound, for what are today viewed as seminal albums by Grace Jones and Joe Cocker, right from the beginning.[4][5]"I wanted a new, progressive-sounding band" said Blackwell "a Jamaican rhythm section with an edgy mid-range and a brilliant synth player. And I got what I wanted, fortunately".[6]

The Rise

Another prestigious resident of this early period was Robert Palmer, who augmented the CPAS sound on Joe Cocker's project.[7] Sly & Robbie went on to use some of the CPAS for Black Uhuru and Gwen Guthrie projects, eventually adding Darryl Thompson and Monte Brown (guitars) to the core of the band. An attempt to record a band album was made, but ended up as a Sly & Robbie's project (Language Barrier). The stars would eventually encompass all Compass Point resident stars of the era, most notably Chris Franz (drums) and Tina Weymouth (bass) of Talking Heads fame. Together with co-producer Steven Stanley engineering and mixing, they would start Tom Tom Club. Brit engineer Andy Lyden came to work on a Badarou solo project, and became a resident engineer as well. The core of CPAS resided in a condominium called Tip-Top, at top of the hill behind the studio. It was a highly productive body by then, even appealing to business giants, as reported by Wally Badarou on his website: "The Compass Point All Stars (as we ended up being called) even had a try at godfather of soul, Mr Dynamite, James Brown, yes. But that one did not work out, mainly due to publishing disputes".

A larger family

A musical community was born,[8] and the Compass Point All Stars label would eventually extend throughout the 80's to anything either originating from Compass Point Studios, productions by Bill Laswell and remixes by Larry Levan and François K Kevorkian included; or somewhat related to what went on over there, from resident or non-resident artists, regardless of genre and sonic identity, starting back from The B-52's. This largo sensu acception has been displayed on compilations such as Funky Nassau/The Compass Point Story/1980-1986 released by Strut Records, incorporating works by Chaz Jankel, Cristina, Will Powers, Guy Cuevas, along with extensive interviews by David Katz: "I don't believe anything could ever sum it up" said Wally Badarou of Compass Point's heyday, "like nothing could ever sum up Motown or Stax sounds: the studio itself, the engineers, the producers, the artists, the vibes of the time, and only the specific combination of elements does the job".[9]

Hard rock acts such as AC/DC and Iron Maiden made very successful recordings at Compass Point, but were never labeled "Compass Point All Stars". Conversely, initial CPAS members found themselves producing numerous projects abroad, for the likes of Foreigner, Power Station, Marianne Faithfull or Valerie Lagrange.

The 90's

Despite the overall excitement for what was produced over there, the experience did really last past the early 90's, mainly because of everyone's personal agendas. About half of the greatest recordings that took place were hardly planned in detail. Things were done in a constant happening fashion most of the time, for the groove to rule, sometimes to the cost of efficiency. Virtuoso Alex Sadkin no longer was there,[10] and Blackwell's growing interests in other ventures did not allow the momentum to sustain any further.[11] The studio itself went through rough times in the early 90's, only to be successfully salvaged by producer Terry Manning and his wife Sherrie: a long list of prestigious personae, from Julio Iglesias, Diana Ross, Celine Dion, Sade to Mariah Carey, has kept the studio's spirit high ever since.

2006 and beyond

CPAS members kept busy individually nonetheless. They never did re-unite physically in a recording studio but, thanks to technology, they collaborated remotely on half a dozen projects since the mid-2000s. Those projects include Warrior by ex-Black Uhuru Michael Rose, and Grace Jones' Hurricane which got the whole of the original lineup re-united somehow.

CPAS Live

In 1987, for Island Records 25th belated anniversary, some of the initial CPAS performed live for the first time, backing Eric Clapton on "I Shot the Sheriff". Mikey Chung and Sticky Thompson did not participate. Event took place at Pinewood Studios dubbing stage, UK, of 007 James Bond fame. Video of it has been released as Island 25: Alright Now.[12]

CPAS were to back VV Brown, Tynchy Strider and Grace Jones on May 26, 2009, launching the Island 50 festival held at the Shepherds Bush Empire, London. Percussionist Sticky Thompson still could not attend.

Discography

Deemed as genuine CPAS work

(i.e. involving all initial musicians)

Produced by (or contributed to by) some CPAS members

At Compass Point Studios in the 80s (list far from complete):

  • Barry Reynolds: I Scare Myself (by Barry with Mickey, Sticky & Wally)
  • Charlélie Couture: Pochette Surprise (with Barry, Mickey, Sticky, Wally & Steven)
  • Gregory Isaacs: Night Nurse (with Wally)
  • Gwen Guthrie: Just For You (with Wally)
  • Jimmy Cliff: Give The People What They Want (with Sly, Robbie, Sticky & Wally)
  • John Martyn: Sapphire (with Barry, Sticky, Andy & Steven)
  • Ian Dury: Lord Upminster (with Sly, Robbie & Tyrone)
  • Lizzy Mercier Descloux: Mambo Nassau (with Wally & Steven)
  • Mick Jagger: She's The Boss (with Sly, Robbie & Wally)
  • Robert Palmer: Pride (by Robert)
  • Robert Palmer: Riptide (by Robert, with Wally)
  • Talking Heads: Speaking In Tongues (by Chris & Tina, with Wally & Alex)
  • Wally Badarou: Echoes (by Wally, with Andy & Steven)
  • Wally Badarou: Words Of A Mountain (by Wally)
  • Will Powers: Dancing For Mental Health (with Steven)

Outside Compass Point, Nassau (list far from complete):

  • Marianne Faithfull: A Child's Adventure (with Barry, Mickey and Wally)
  • Foreigner: Agent Provocateur (including I Want to Know What Love Is, with Alex and Wally)
  • Valérie Lagrange: Les Trottoirs De L'Eternité (with Barry and Mickey)
  • Power Station: Some Like It Hot (with Robert and Wally)
  • Power Station: Living In Fear (with Robert and Wally)
  • Michael Rose: Warrior (with Sly, Daryl and Wally)
  • Grace Jones: Hurricane (with the whole of original lineup)

External links

  • Island Records website
  • Compass Point Studios website
  • Wally Badarou website
  • Strut Records website
  • TheWorld
  • Island: island50.com
  • Mojo: Island 50

References

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