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Death ray

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Death ray

The death ray or death beam was a theoretical particle beam or electromagnetic weapon of the 1920s through the 1930s that was claimed to have been invented independently by Guglielmo Marconi,[1] Nikola Tesla, Harry Grindell Matthews, Edwin R. Scott, and Graichen,[2] as well as others.[3] In 1957, the National Inventors Council was still issuing lists of needed military inventions that included a death ray.[4]

While based in fiction, research into energy-based weapons inspired by past speculation has contributed to real-life weapons in use by modern militaries sometimes called a sort of 'death ray', such as the United States Navy and its 'Laser Weapon System' (LaWS) deployed in mid-2014.[5][6] Such armaments are technically known as 'directed-energy weapons'.

History

In the year 1923, Edwin R. Scott, an inventor from San Francisco, claimed he was the first to develop a death ray that would destroy human life and bring down planes at a distance.[7] He was born in Detroit, and he claimed he worked for nine years as a student and protégé of Charles P. Steinmetz.[8] Harry Grindell-Matthews tried to sell what he reported to be a death ray to the British Air Ministry in 1924. He was never able to show a functioning model or demonstrate it to the military.[7]

Nikola Tesla claimed to have invented a "death beam" which he called teleforce in the 1930s and continued the claims up until his death.[9][10][11] Tesla explained that "this invention of mine does not contemplate the use of any so-called "death rays." Rays are not applicable because they cannot be produced in requisite quantities and diminish rapidly in intensity with distance. All the energy of New York City (approximately two million horsepower) transformed into rays and projected twenty miles, could not kill a human being, because, according to a well known law of physics, it would disperse to such an extent as to be ineffectual. My apparatus projects particles which may be relatively large or of microscopic dimensions, enabling us to convey to a small area at a great distance trillions of times more energy than is possible with rays of any kind. Many thousands of horsepower can thus be transmitted by a stream thinner than a hair, so that nothing can resist."[12]

Tesla proposed that a nation could "destroy anything approaching within 200 miles... [and] will provide a wall of power" in order to "make any country, large or small, impregnable against armies, airplanes, and other means for attack".[12]

Antonio Longoria in 1934 claimed to have a death ray that could kill pigeons from four miles away and could kill a mouse enclosed in a "thick walled metal chamber".[13][14][15]

During World War II, the Germans had at least two projects, and the Japanese one, to create so called death rays. One German project led by a man called Schiebold concerned a particle accelerator with a steerable bundle of beryllium rods running through the vertical axis. The other was developed by Dr Rolf Wideroe and is referred to in his biography. The machine developed by Wideroe was in the Dresden Plasma Physics laboratory in February 1945 when the city was bombed. Wideroe led a team in March 1945 to remove the device from the ruined laboratory and deliver it to General Patton's 3rd Army at Burggrub where it was taken into US custody on 14 April 1945.

In 2013 in the United States, two men from Upstate New York were arrested after being charged with attempting to build a death ray. The men allegedly sought to use the death ray to kill Muslims and President Barack Obama.[16]

In science fiction

Although the concept of a death ray was never put into action, it fueled science fiction stories and led to the science fiction concept of the hand held [17]

In popular culture

  • The earliest reference to a death ray in literature is in the P.G. Wodehouse short story, 'The Rummy Affair of Old Biffy' published in 1925, in which Bertie Wooster describes Sir Roderick Glossop as having "eyes that go through you like a couple of Death Rays.”
  • The idea that a death ray was possibly invented by Nikola Tesla and may have caused the Tunguska event was explored in an episode of Dark Matters: Twisted But True in a story entitled "Radio Waves of Death".
  • In the book Goliath by Scott Westerfeld, the Tunguska event was caused by Goliath, Nikola Tesla's death ray-like weapon.
  • This theory is also brought up in one of Spider Robinson's Callahan's books.
  • Tesla's Death Ray (renamed 'Peace Ray') is a prominent fixture of nations' defense in Larry Correia's Grimnoir book series. (In the Grimnoir world, Tesla invented an even more devastating energy weapon that caused the Tunguska event.)
  • In the game "Command and Conquer: Red Alert 2" the player can build a weapon called a "Tesla Coil." This weapon is vaguely similar to the "Death ray."
  • In the game "Clash of Clans", players can build a weapon called a "Hidden Tesla". It remains hidden until attackers come near it, at which point it shoots beams of electricity at them, much like the death ray.

See also

References

  1. ^ Rachele Mussolini, Mussolini privato, Milano, 1979, Rusconi Editore.
  2. ^ To, Wireless (June 4, 1928). "Finds a 'Death Ray' Fatal to Humans. German Scientist Says it Inflames and Destroys Cells, Hence Aids in Disease. Expects to Split Atom. Dr. Graichen Has Device to Make Blind See With Light Sent Through the Skull.".  
  3. ^ "The 'Death Ray' Rivals".  
  4. ^ "Council Seeking Death Ray and Greaseless Bearing for Armed Forces".  
  5. ^ http://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2014/03/navy-will-deploy-first-ship-with-laser-weapon-this-summer/
  6. ^ http://www.cnn.com/2010/TECH/innovation/05/31/navy.death.ray.wired/
  7. ^ a b "Denies British Invented 'Death Ray'. E.R. Scott Asserts He and Other Americans Preceded Grindell-Matthews.".  
  8. ^ "Death Stroke".  
  9. ^ "Nikola Tesla Dies. Prolific Inventor. Alternating Power Current's Developer Found Dead in Hotel Suite Here. Claimed a 'Death Beam'. He Insisted the Invention Could Annihilate an Army of 1,000,000 at Once".  
  10. ^ "Beam to Kill Army at 200 Miles, Tesla's Claim On 78th Birthday".  
  11. ^ "Tesla, At 78, Bares New 'Death-Beam'. Invention Powerful Enough to Destroy 10,000 Planes 250 Miles Away, He Asserts. Defensive Weapon Only. Scientist, in Interview, Tells of Apparatus That He Says Will Kill Without Trace".  
  12. ^ a b "A Machine to End War". PBS: Tesla - Master of Lightning. 
  13. ^ "Inventor Hides Secret of Death Ray".  
  14. ^ "Welder at Work".  
  15. ^ "Gadgeteers Gather".  
  16. ^ "'"U.S. charges two New Yorkers with building 'death ray' aimed at killing 'enemies of Israel. 
  17. ^ Holland, Charles. "The Last Man"Alfred Noyes, , St. Dunstan's Red and White, St. Dunstan's University.

External links

  • Defense Update article on M-THEL
  • Microwave weapons: Wasted energy (Nature)
  • High Power Microwaves - Strategic and Operational Implications for Warfare (Eileen M. Walling, Colonel, USAF)
  • HAARP - High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program
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