Georgia Institute of Technology

Georgia Institute of Technology
Motto Progress and Service
Established October 13, 1885[1]
Type Public
Space grant
Endowment US $ 1.71 billion (Fall 2013)[2]
President [3][4]
Provost Rafael L. Bras[5]
Dean John Stein[6]
Academic staff 5,126 academic and research (Fall 2012)[7]
Students 21,471 (Fall 2013)[8]
Undergraduates 14,558 (Fall 2013)[8]
Postgraduates 6,913 (Fall 2013)[8]
Location USA
Campus Urban, 400 acres (1.61 km²; 161 ha)
Former names Georgia School of Technology
Newspaper The Technique
Colors      White      Old Gold [9]
Athletics NCAA Division IACC
Sports 15 Varsity Teams
Nickname Yellow Jackets
Mascot Buzz and Ramblin' Wreck
Affiliations University System of Georgia
AAU
SURA
ORAU
APLU
Website .edugatech

The Georgia Institute of Technology (commonly referred to as Georgia Tech, Tech, or GT) is a Metz, France; Athlone, Ireland; Shanghai, China; and Singapore.

The educational institution was founded in 1885 as the Georgia School of Technology as part of Reconstruction plans to build an industrial economy in the post-Civil War Southern United States. Initially, it offered only a degree in mechanical engineering. By 1901, its curriculum had expanded to include electrical, civil, and chemical engineering. In 1948, the school changed its name to reflect its evolution from a trade school to a larger and more capable technical institute and research university.

Today, Georgia Tech is organized into six colleges and contains about 31 departments/units, with emphasis on science and technology. It is well recognized for its degree programs in engineering, computing, business administration, the sciences, architecture, and liberal arts.

Georgia Tech's main campus occupies part of Midtown Atlanta, bordered by 10th Street to the north and by North Avenue to the south, placing it well in sight of the Atlanta skyline. In 1996, the campus was the site of the athletes' village and a venue for a number of athletic events for the 1996 Summer Olympics. The construction of the Olympic village, along with subsequent gentrification of the surrounding areas, enhanced the campus.

Student athletics, both organized and intramural, are a part of student and alumni life. The school's Atlantic Coast Conference.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Establishment 1.1
    • Early years 1.2
    • Modern history 1.3
  • Campuses 2
    • West Campus 2.1
    • East Campus 2.2
    • Central Campus 2.3
    • Technology Square 2.4
    • Satellite campuses 2.5
    • Campus services 2.6
  • Organization and administration 3
  • Academics 4
    • Demographics 4.1
    • Funding 4.2
    • Rankings 4.3
  • Research 5
    • Industry connections 5.1
  • Student life 6
    • Traditions 6.1
    • Housing 6.2
    • Student clubs and activities 6.3
    • Arts 6.4
    • Student media 6.5
    • Greek life 6.6
    • Student stress 6.7
  • Athletics 7
    • Fight songs 7.1
    • Club sports 7.2
  • Alumni 8
  • References 9
  • Further reading 10
  • External links 11

History

Establishment

About a dozen one- and two-story buildings, several of which are damaged, line a dirt road that intersects with three railroad tracks in the foreground
Atlanta during the Civil War (c. 1864)

The idea of a technology school in Georgia was introduced in 1865 during the Civil War, strongly believed that the South needed to improve its technology to compete with the industrial revolution that was occurring throughout the North.[10][11] However, because the American South of that era was mainly populated by agricultural workers and few technical developments were occurring, a technology school was needed.[10][11]

In 1882, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Worcester County Free Institute of Industrial Science (now Worcester Polytechnic Institute). The committee recommended adapting the Worcester model, which stressed a combination of "theory and practice", the "practice" component including student employment and production of consumer items to generate revenue for the school.[12]

On October 13, 1885, getting out".[50]

Athletics

Georgia Tech teams are variously known as the Yellow Jackets, the [213] as a charter member of the Southeastern Conference (SEC) from 1932-33 to 1963-64,[214] as a charter of the Southern Conference (SoCon) from 1921-22 to 1931-32, and as a charter member of the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association (SIAA) from 1895-96 to 1920-21. They also competed as an Independent from 1964-65 to 1974-75 and on the 1978-79 season. Men's sports include baseball, basketball, cross country, football, golf, swimming & diving, tennis and track & field; while women's sports include basketball, cross country, softball, swimming and diving, tennis, track & field and volleyball.

The Institute mascots are women's tennis team won the NCAA National Championship with a 4–2 victory over UCLA, the first ever national title granted by the NCAA to Tech.[216][217]

Fight songs

Tech's is known worldwide.[173] First published in the 1908 Blue Print,[218] it was adapted from an old drinking song ("Son of a Gambolier")[218] and embellished with trumpet flourishes by Frank Roman.[219] Then-Vice President Richard Nixon and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev sang the song together when they met in Moscow in 1958 to reduce the tension between them.[218][220] As the story goes, Nixon did not know any Russian songs, but Khrushchev knew that one American one as it had been sung on The Ed Sullivan Show.[218]

Six women, wearing a uniform of a white skirt and a white and gold cropped top with the word
Georgia Institute of Technology Ramblin' Wreck and Cheerleaders

"I'm a Ramblin' Wreck" has had many other notable moments in its history. It is reportedly the first school song to have been played in

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  •  
  • Georgia Tech website
  • Georgia Tech athletics website
  • Georgia Tech Directory
  • Official Campus Map

External links

  •  
  • Cromartie, Bill (2002) [1977]. Clean Old-fashioned Hate: Georgia Vs. Georgia Tech. Strode Publishers.  
  •  
  • Wallace, Robert (1969). Dress Her in WHITE and GOLD: A biography of Georgia Tech.  

Further reading

  1. ^ a b c d "A Walk Through Tech's History". Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine Online ( 
  2. ^ "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2013 Endowment Market Value and Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2012 to FY 2013 (Revised February 2014)" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers and Commonfund Institute. Retrieved July 30, 2014. 
  3. ^ Fain, Paul (2009-02-09). "Georgia Tech Taps Colorado-Boulder Chancellor as President".  
  4. ^ a b "Peterson Named President of Georgia Institute of Technology" (Press release). University System of Georgia. 2009-02-25. Retrieved 2014-07-30. 
  5. ^ Lee, Hahnming (2010-07-15). "Bras named new Provost".  
  6. ^ "Main Office Staff". Georgia Tech Office of the Dean of Students. Retrieved 2010-04-01. 
  7. ^ "Administration & Faculty". Georgia Tech Fact Book. Georgia Institute of Technology. Retrieved 2014-08-02. 
  8. ^ a b c d "Admissions and Enrollment". Georgia Tech Fact Book. Georgia Institute of Technology. Retrieved 2014-03-21. 
  9. ^ "Georgia Tech Licensing & Trademarks Official Colors". gatech.edu. Retrieved 2013-09-01. 
  10. ^ a b c d "The Hopkins Administration, 1888–1895". "A Thousand Wheels are set in Motion": The Building of Georgia Tech at the Turn of the 20th Century, 1888–1908. Georgia Institute of Technology. Retrieved 2006-12-30. 
  11. ^ a b "The George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering" (PDF). The American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Retrieved 2007-04-22. 
  12. ^ a b Brittain, James E.; Robert C. McMath, Jr. (April 1977). "Engineers and the New South Creed: The Formation and Early Development of Georgia Tech". Technology and Culture (Johns Hopkins University Press) 18 (2): 175–201.  
  13. ^ "Georgia Institute of Technology Historical Marker". Historic Markers Across Georgia. Retrieved 2013-12-22. 
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References

[262], who was ranked the No. 1 golfer in the world in 1999.David Duval, and The Masters, who founded Bobby Jones In golf, Tech alumni include the legendary [261].Jason Varitek and [253],Nomar Garciaparra [260],Mark Teixeira [253],Kevin Brown. Award-winning baseball stars include Iman Shumpert and [259],Jarrett Jack [258],Thaddeus Young, Derrick Favors, Chris Bosh Some of Tech's recent entrants into the NBA include [257][256].Tashard Choice and Calvin Johnson and recent students such as [255][251],Bill Fulcher and Pepper Rodgers former Tech head football coaches [251],Joe Guyon and [251],Billy Shaw [255],Pat Swilling [254],Joe Hamilton Well-known American football athletes include all-time greats such as [253][252] (MLB).Major League Baseball (NBA) or National Basketball Association with many others going into the [251] (NFL),National Football League Several famous athletes have, as well; about 150 Tech students have gone into the [250][249] both called Tech home.Randolph Scott fame and Blue Collar Comedy Tour of Jeff Foxworthy Despite their highly technical backgrounds, Tech graduates are no strangers to the arts or athletic competition. Among them, comedian/actor [248] in New York City.World Trade Center Memorial designed the Michael Arad Architect [247].SQLite developed D. Richard Hipp and [246],Google News developed Krishna Bharat In computer science, [245] Numerous astronauts and

[241] was the second-highest scoring American ace during World War II and a Medal of Honor recipient.Thomas McGuire [240] Tech graduates have been deeply influential in politics, military service, and activism.

[234]).The Coca-Cola Company and later director of American Express (CEO James D. Robinson III and [233]),Wal-Mart (CEO Mike Duke [231]),AT&T Corporation (CEO David Dorman [232]),Earthlink (CEO Charles "Garry" Betty Some of the most successful of these are [231][230] Many distinguished individuals once called Georgia Tech home, the most notable being

The first class of 95 students entered Georgia Tech in 1888,[225] and the first two graduates received their degrees in 1890.[226] Since then, the institute has greatly expanded, with an enrollment of 14,558 undergraduates and 6,913 postgraduate students as of Fall 2013.[8]

There are many notable graduates, non-graduate former students and current students of Georgia Tech. Georgia Tech alumni are known as Yellow Jackets. According to the Georgia Tech Alumni Association:[224]

Group photo of fifteen men; five in the top row, four in the middle, and six in the front, posing in front of a brick building
Georgia Tech's first two graduates were H.L. Smith (top row, center) and G.C. Crawford (top row, far right).

Alumni

Georgia Tech participates in many non-NCAA sanctioned club sports, including modern pentathlon competitions for the 1996 Summer Olympics were held.[223]

Club sports

[222][221] Another popular fight song is "

[218] Georgia Tech carries a strong reputation for being stressful. In 2001,

Student stress

Greek life at Georgia Tech includes over 50 active chapters of social [204] Students with Greek affiliation make up around 26 percent of the undergraduate student body.[205]

Greek life

The Technique, also known as the " '​Nique", is Tech's official student newspaper. It is distributed weekly during the Fall and Spring semesters (on Fridays), and biweekly during the Summer semester (with certain exceptions). It was established on November 17, 1911. Blueprint is Tech's yearbook, established in 1908.[197] Other student publications include The North Avenue Review, Tech's "free-speech magazine",[198][199] Erato, Tech's literary magazine,[200] The Tower, Tech's undergraduate research journal[201] and T-Book, the student handbook detailing Tech traditions.[202] The offices of all student publications are located in the Student Services Building.[197][203]

[196]

The front page of the first issue of The Technique

Student media

[190] Beginning in 2011, the convention moved its venue to locations in Technology Square.[189] Many music, theatre, dance, and opera performances are held in the

Georgia Tech also has a music scene that is made up of groups that operate independently from the Music Department. These groups include three student-led a cappella groups: Nothin' but Treble,[183] Sympathetic Vibrations,[184] and Infinite Harmony.[185] Musician's Network, another student-led group, operates Under the Couch, a live music venue and recording facility that was formerly located beneath the Couch Building on West Campus and is now located in the Student Center.[186][187]

The School of Music is also home to a number of ensembles, such as the 80-to-90-member Symphony Orchestra,[177] Jazz Ensemble,[178] Concert Band,[179] and Percussion and MIDI Ensembles.[172][180] Students also can opt to form their own small Chamber Ensembles, either for course credit or independently.[181] The contemporary Sonic Generator group, backed by the GVU and in collaboration with the Center for Music Technology, performs a diverse lineup of music featuring new technologies and recent composers.[182]

, etc.) to participate. Members of the marching band travel to every football game. Kennesaw State, Agnes Scott, Emory The marching band consistently fields over 300 members and invites students from other Atlanta universities who do not have football programs ([172] It was founded in 1908 by 14 students and Robert "Biddy" Bidez.[176] The

A football stadium with a marching band in white uniforms on the field, with the goal post in the foreground and various buildings in the background
Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets football team

[175] The [170] Georgia Tech's Music Department was established as part of the school's General College in 1963 under the leadership of Ben Logan Sisk. In 1976, the Music Department was assigned to the College of Sciences & Liberal Studies, and in 1991 it was relocated to its current home in the College of Architecture. In 2009, it was reorganized into the School of Music.

Arts

[169] Several extracurricular activities are available to students, including over 350 

Student clubs and activities

Single graduate students may live in the Graduate Living Center (GLC) or at 10th and Home.[161] 10th and Home is the designated family housing unit of Georgia Tech.[162] Residents are zoned to Atlanta Public Schools.[163] Residents are zoned to Centennial Place Elementary,[164] Inman Middle School,[165] and Grady High School.[166]

Two programs on campus as well have houses on East Campus: the International House (commonly referred to as the I-House); and Women, Science, and Technology. The I-House is housed in 4th Street East and Hayes. Women, Science, and Technology is housed in Goldin and Stein. The I-House hosts an International Coffee Hour every Monday night that class is in session from 6 to 7 pm, hosting both residents and their guests for discussions.[160]

In the fall of 2007, the North Avenue Apartments were opened to Tech students. Originally built for the 1996 Olympics and belonging to Georgia State University, the buildings were given to Georgia Tech and have been used to accommodate Tech's expanding population. Georgia Tech freshmen students were the first to inhabit the dormitories in the Winter and Spring 1996 quarters, while much of East Campus was under renovation for the Olympics. The North Avenue Apartments (commonly known as "North Ave") are also noted as the first Georgia Tech buildings to rise above the top of Tech Tower. Open to second-year undergraduate students and above, the buildings are located on East Campus, across North Avenue and near Bobby Dodd Stadium, putting more upperclassmen on East Campus.[44] Currently, the North Avenue Apartments East and North buildings are undergoing extensive renovation to the façade. During their construction, the bricks were not properly secured and thus were a safety hazard to pedestrians and vehicles on the Downtown Connector below.[159]

In recent years as of 2011, Georgia Tech Housing has been at or over capacity.[153] In Fall 2006, many dorms housed "triples", which was a project that put three residents into a two-person room. Certain pieces of furniture were not provided to the third resident as to accommodate a third bed. When spaces became available in other parts of campus, the third resident was moved elsewhere.[154][155][156][157] In 2013, Georgia Tech provided housing for 9,553 students, and housing was 98% occupied.[158]

The Institute's administration has implemented programs in an effort to reduce the levels of stress and anxiety felt by Tech students. The Familiarization and Adaptation to the Surroundings and Environs of Tech (FASET) Orientation and Freshman Experience (a freshman-only dorm life program to "encourage friendships and a feeling of social involvement") programs, which seek to help acclimate new students to their surroundings and foster a greater sense of community.[150][151] As a result, the Institute's retention rates improved.[152]

Georgia Tech Housing is subject to a clear geographic division of campus into eastern and western areas that contain the vast majority of housing. East Campus is largely populated by freshmen and is served by Brittain Dining Hall. West Campus houses some freshmen, transfer, and returning students (upperclassmen), and is served by Woodruff Dining Hall.[43][148] Graduate students typically live off-campus (for example, in Home Park) or on-campus in the Graduate Living Center or 10th and Home.[149]

A red brick and white concrete, four-story apartment building with a landscaped courtyard in the foreground
Eighth Street Apartments are apartment-style residence halls that opened in 1995 as housing for the athletes and journalists at the 1996 Summer Olympics as a part of the Olympic Village.

Georgia Tech students hold a heated, long and ongoing rivalry with the

Tech has a number of legends and traditions, some of which have persisted for decades. Some are well-known; for example, the most notable of these is the popular but rare tradition of stealing the 'T' from Tech Tower. Tech Tower, Tech's historic primary administrative building, has the letters "TECH" hanging atop it on each of its four sides. There have been several attempts by students to orchestrate complex plans to steal the huge symbolic letter T, and on occasion they have carried this act out successfully. One of the cherished holdovers from Tech's early years, a steam whistle blows five minutes before the hour, every hour from 7:55 a.m. to 5:55 p.m.[144] The faculty newspaper is named The Whistle.[50]

Traditions

Georgia Tech students benefit from many Institute-sponsored or -related events on campus, as well as a wide selection of cultural options in the surrounding district of Midtown Atlanta, "Atlanta's Heart of the Arts".[139] Just off campus, students can choose from several restaurants, including a half-dozen in Technology Square alone.[140][141] Home Park, a neighborhood that borders the north end of campus, is a popular living area for Tech students and recent graduates.[142][143]

Tech Tower

Student life

[138][137] On June 4, 2007, the [90] additionally ranked Georgia Tech's internship and cooperative education programs among 14 "Academic Programs to Look For" in 2006 and 2007.U.S. News & World Report [136] as one of the top 10 "Programs that Really Work" for five consecutive years.U.S. News & World Report Georgia Tech's cooperative education and internship programs have been externally recognized for their strengths. The Undergraduate Cooperative Education was recognized by

[134] It allows [135] The Graduate Cooperative Education Program, established in 1983, is the largest such program in the United States.

alternate between semesters of formal instruction at Georgia Tech and semesters of full-time employment with their employers. undergraduate students The DoPP is charged with providing opportunities for students to gain real-world employment experience through four programs, each targeting a different body of students. The Undergraduate Cooperative Education Program is a five-year program in which [134][133][132] operates the largest and fourth-oldest cooperative education program in the United States, and is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Cooperative Education.[131] Georgia Tech maintains close ties to the industrial world. Many of these connections are made through Georgia Tech's

Industry connections

[130][129].graphene antenna Recent developments include a proposed [128] process.academic publishing, was established in 2007 to provide undergraduates with a venue for disseminating their research and a chance to become familiar with the The Tower An undergraduate research journal, [127].transcripts to earn a "Research Option" credit on their thesis Additionally, undergraduates may participate in research and write a [126] The oldest of those research institutes is a nonprofit research organization referred to as the

[117][116] Georgia Tech is classified by

A circular, six-story brick building with decorative white concrete stripes above and below lines of adjacent square windows that encircle most of each level
The Centennial Research Building, one of the buildings of the Georgia Tech Research Institute

Research

In 2010, Georgia Tech’s College of Business rose from 31st to 28th, continuing its rapid upward trend[104] Diverse Issues in Higher Education has ranked Tech No. 1 at the bachelor's level, No. 2 at the master's level, and No. 1 at the doctoral level in terms of producing African American engineering graduates.[82] In 2010, U.S. News & World Report ranked Tech as the No. 28 "United States.[112]

[103] Chemical (10th), Civil (5th), Computer (7th), Electrical (6th), Environmental (4th), Industrial (1st), Materials (9th), Mechanical (5th), and Nuclear (8th).[102][101] Tech's undergraduate engineering programs include Aerospace (2nd), Biomedical (2nd), Chemical (6th), Civil (3rd), Computer (6th), Electrical (5th), Environmental (3rd), Industrial (1st), Materials (4th), and Mechanical (3rd). Tech's graduate engineering programs include Aerospace (5th), Biomedical/Bioengineering (2nd),[100].U.S. News & World Report As of 2015, Tech's undergraduate engineering program is ranked 4th and its graduate engineering program is ranked 6th by [99] Georgia Tech is consistently ranked among the best universities in the United States and the world. For over a decade, Georgia Tech has remained in the top ten

University rankings
National
ARWU[91] 52
Forbes[92] 90
U.S. News & World Report[93] 35
Washington Monthly[94] 11
Global
ARWU[95] 99
QS[96] 107
Times[97] 27

Rankings

[90] The Georgia Institute of Technology is a

Funding

Around 50–55% of all Georgia Tech students are residents of the state of Georgia, around 20% come from overseas, and 25–30% are residents of other U.S. states or territories. The top states of origin for all non-Georgia US students are Florida, Texas, California, North Carolina, Virginia, New Jersey, and Maryland.[86] Students at Tech represent 114 countries and all 50 states.[86][87]

The student body consists of more than 20,000 graduate and undergraduate students (Fall 2010) and around 1,000 full-time academic faculty (Fall 2013).[80][81][82] The student body at Georgia Tech is 68% male and 32% female. Female enrollment at Georgia Tech is low. However, this is slowly changing due to the university's growing liberal arts programs and outreach programs to encourage more female high school students to consider careers in science and engineering as well as changes in the admissions process. These include the "Women In Engineering" program and sponsorship of a chapter of The Society of Women Engineers.[83][84] For the fall of 2010, close to 36% of incoming freshmen were female students.[85]

Demographics of Georgia Tech student body
as of fall semester 2009
Undergraduate[78] Graduate[79]
White 63% 48%
Asian 22% 40%
Black/African American 6.5% 5.4%
Hispanic/Latino 5.4% 4.4%
Native American 0.1% 0.1%
Multiracial/Other 3.3% 2.4%
International 6.6% 4.2%

Demographics

Academics

  • College of Architecture
  • College of Computing
  • College of Engineering

Georgia Tech's undergraduate and graduate programs are divided into six colleges. Collaboration among the colleges is frequent, as mandated by a number of Ivan Allen College of Liberal Arts. That particular College has seen a 20% increase in admissions.[77] Also, even in the Ivan Allen College, the Institute does not offer a Bachelor of Arts degree, only a Bachelor of Science.

A segment of a curved building constructed from brick, metal and glass
Klaus Advanced Computing Building, named for its benefactor, Chris Klaus

Organization and administration

[75] The Office of Information Technology, or OIT, manages most of the Institute's computing resources (and some related services such as campus telephones). With the exception of a few computer labs maintained by individual

Dish Network. GTCN currently has 100 standard-definition channels and 23 high-definition channels.[73]

Campus services

The College of Architecture maintains a small permanent presence in Paris, France in affiliation with the Visakhapatnam and Hyderabad, Telangana, India by the year 2010.[69][70][71][72]

Georgia Tech also operates a campus in Toubon Law.[65][66]

A white concrete and glass, curved-front building with a driveway separated by a median leading to it
Metz, France

[63][62] In 1999, Georgia Tech began offering local degree programs to engineering students in Southeast Georgia, and in 2003 established a physical campus in

Satellite campuses

Other Georgia Tech-affiliated buildings in the area host the Center for Quality Growth and Regional Development, the Georgia Tech Enterprise Innovation Institute, the Advanced Technology Development Center, VentureLab, and the Georgia Electronics Design Center. Technology Square also hosts a variety of restaurants and businesses, including the headquarters of notable consulting companies like Accenture and also including the official Institute bookstore, a Waffle House.[55][59]

Another part of Tech Square, the privately owned Centergy One complex, contains the Technology Square Research Building (TSRB), holding faculty and graduate student offices for the College of Computing and the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, as well as the Technology Square's Centergy One complex.

. This is one of the few locations of Chihuly's works found in the state of Georgia. Dale Chihuly The Scheller College of Business is also home to three large glass chandeliers made by [58]

A view of Technology Square

Technology Square

Tech's administrative buildings, such as Tech Tower, and the Bursar's Office, are also located on the Central Campus, in the recently renovated Georgia Tech Historic District.[47][48] The Kessler Campanile (which is referred to by students as "The Shaft").[50] The former Hightower Textile Engineering building was demolished in 2002 to create Yellow Jacket Park. More greenspace now occupies the area around the Kessler Campanile for a more aesthetically pleasing look, in accordance with the official Campus Master Plan.[51] In August 2011, the G. Wayne Clough Undergraduate Learning Commons opened next to the library and occupies part of the Yellow Jacket Park area.[52]

A one-story brick building with grey concrete stairs in the center leading to a door with a column on either side of it. There are three long windows on each side of the building.
The Carnegie Building, constructed in 1907, is located in the Historic District of Central Campus. It was originally the campus library, and it now houses the President's office.

Central Campus is home to the majority of the academic, research, and administrative buildings. The Central Campus includes, among others: the Howey Physics Building; the Boggs Chemistry Building; the College of Computing Building; the Klaus Advanced Computing Building; the College of Architecture Building; the Skiles Classroom Building, which houses the School of Mathematics and the School of Literature, Media and Culture; the D. M. Smith Building, which houses the School of Public Policy; and the Ford Environmental Science & Technology Building.[40] In 2005, the School of Modern Languages returned to the Swann Building, a 100-year-old former dormitory that now houses some of the most technology-equipped classrooms on campus.[45][46] Intermingled with these are a variety of research facilities, such as the Centennial Research Building, the Microelectronics Research Center, the Neely Nuclear Research Center, the Nanotechnology Research Center, and the Petit Biotechnology Building.

Central Campus

[44] Brittain Dining Hall is the main dining hall for East Campus. It is modeled after a

[40] East Campus houses all of the fraternities and sororities as well as most of the undergraduate freshman dormitories. East Campus abuts the

A wide, red brick building with a tower in the center and grey concrete archways spaced along the length of the building.
Brittain Dining Hall, the main dining hall for East Campus.

East Campus

It connects the Woodruff North and Woodruff South undergraduate dorms. [43] West campus is home to a convenience store, West Side Market. Due to limited space, all auto travel proceeds via a network of one-way streets which connects West Campus to Ferst Drive, the main road of the campus. Woodruff Dining Hall, or "Woody's", is the West Campus Dining Hall.[42] West Campus was formerly home to

West Campus is occupied primarily by apartments and coed undergraduate dormitories. Apartments include Campus Recreation Center (formerly the Student Athletic Complex); a volleyball court; a large, low natural green area known as the Burger Bowl; and a flat artificial green area known as the CRC (formerly SAC) Fields are all located on the western side of the campus.

The front of the Georgia Tech Campus Recreation Center

West Campus

The campus is organized into four main parts: West Campus, East Campus, Central Campus, and Technology Square. West Campus and East Campus are both occupied primarily by student living complexes, while Central Campus is reserved primarily for teaching and research buildings.[40]

[41][40] The Georgia Tech campus is located in Midtown, an area north of downtown Atlanta. Although a number of skyscrapers—most visibly the headquarters of

Georgia Tech's East Campus and Central Campus as seen from an elevated point near The Varsity is in the immediate foreground between the viewer and Bobby Dodd Stadium.

Campuses

In 1994, Association of American Universities, the first new member institution in nine years.[39]

In 1988, President Alexander Memorial Coliseum was renovated.[17][33] The Institute also erected the Kessler Campanile and fountain to serve as a landmark and symbol of the Institute on television broadcasts.[17]

[21] Similarly, there was little student reaction at Georgia Tech to the

Tech first admitted female students to regular classes in 1952, although women could not enroll in all programs at Tech until 1968.[24] Industrial Management was the last program to open to women.[17][24] The first women's dorm, Fulmer Hall, opened in 1969.[17] Women constituted 30.3% of the undergraduates and 25.3% of the graduate students enrolled in Spring 2009.[25] In 1959, a meeting of 2,741 students voted by an overwhelming majority to endorse integration of qualified applicants, regardless of race.[26] Three years after the meeting, and one year after the University of Georgia's violent integration,[27] Georgia Tech became the first university in the Deep South to desegregate without a court order.[26][28][29] There was little reaction to this by Tech students; like the city of Atlanta described by former Mayor William Hartsfield, they seemed "too busy to hate".[26] For $290,000, the university bought the property containing the former Pickrick Restaurant, which it first used as a placement center. Later, it was known as the Ajax Building. It was razed in 2009.

A white-haired and white-bearded man gesturing with his right hand as he speaks
Former Georgia Tech President G. Wayne Clough speaks at a student meeting.

Founded as the Georgia School of Technology, Georgia Tech assumed its present name in 1948 to reflect a growing focus on advanced technological and scientific research.[23] Unlike most similarly named universities (such as the public institution.

Modern history

Georgia Tech's Evening School of Commerce began holding classes in 1912.[17] The evening school admitted its first female student in 1917, although the state legislature did not officially authorize attendance by women until 1920.[17][18] Annie T. Wise became the first female graduate in 1919 and went on to become Georgia Tech's first female faculty member the following year.[17][18] Rena Faye Smith, appointed as a research assistant in the School of Physics in 1969 by Dr. Ray Young, in X-Ray Diffraction, became the first female faculty member (research) in the School of Physics. She went on to earn a Ph.D. at Georgia State University and taught physics and instructional technology at Black Hills State University - 1997-2005 as Rena Faye Norby. She served as a Fulbright Scholar in Russia 2004-2005.[19] In 1931, the W. Harry Vaughan with an initial budget of $5,000 ($88,147 today) and 13 part-time faculty.[21][22]

[16] He then shook hands with every student.[15] On October 20, 1905,

The Georgia School of Technology opened its doors in the fall of 1888 with two buildings.[10] One building (now boiler room, and engine room. It was designed specifically for students to work and produce goods to sell and fund the school. The two buildings were equal in size to show the importance of teaching both the mind and the hands; though, at the time, there was some disagreement to whether the machine shop should have been used to turn a profit.[10][12]

Two buildings stand side-by-side on a hill. The one on the left is two stories, with two smokestacks behind it. The one on the right is the larger, taller Tech Tower building.
An early picture of Georgia Tech

Early years

[14]

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