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International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage

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Title: International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Flag of convenience, Environmental issues with shipping, Prestige oil spill, Torrey Canyon oil spill, List of international environmental agreements
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage

The International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1969, renewed in 1992 and often referred to as the CLC Convention, is an international maritime treaty that was adopted to ensure that adequate compensation would be available where oil pollution damage was caused by maritime casualties involving [1]


The convention introduces [1] The HNS Convention to compensation for damages occurring from spill of dangerous goods is based on the same legal framework.[2]


If a ship carries more than 2000 tons of oil in cargo, CLC requires shipowners to maintain "insurance or other financial security" sufficient to cover the maximum liability for one oil spill[1]


As of April 2014, 133 states, representing 96.7 per cent of the world fleet, are contracting parties to the CLC Protocol 1992.[3] Bolivia, North Korea, Honduras, and Lebanon—which are generally flag of convenience states—have not ratified the treaty.[4]


  1. ^ a b c d International Maritime Organization on the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (CLC), 1969 [1]
  2. ^ HNS Convention Legal Framework, retrieved 2014-02-13 
  3. ^ International Maritime Organization – Status of Conventions
  4. ^ MARISEC (2009). Shipping Industry Flag State Performance Table. London: Maritime International Secretariat Services. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 2010-06-12. 
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