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Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau

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Title: Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau  
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Subject: Charles Tupper, 4th Quebec Legislature, Mackenzie Bowell, List of federal by-elections in Canada, Premiers of Quebec
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Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau

The Right Honourable
Sir Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau
5th Premier of Quebec
In office
31 October 1879 – 29 July 1882
Monarch Victoria
Lieutenant Governor Théodore Robitaille
Preceded by Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière
Succeeded by Joseph-Alfred Mousseau
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for Terrebonne
In office
Preceded by Provincial district created in 1867
Succeeded by Guillaume-Alphonse Nantel
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Terrebonne
In office
Preceded by Guillaume-Alphonse Nantel
Succeeded by Pierre-Julien Leclair
7th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec
In office
December 5, 1892 – January 20, 1898
Monarch Victoria
Governor General The Lord Stanley of Preston
The Earl of Aberdeen
Premier Charles Boucher de Boucherville
Louis-Olivier Taillon
Edmund James Flynn
Félix-Gabriel Marchand
Preceded by Auguste-Réal Angers
Succeeded by Louis-Amable Jetté
Personal details
Born (1840-11-09)November 9, 1840
Sainte-Thérèse, Lower Canada
Died June 13, 1898( 1898-06-13) (aged 57)
Montreal, Quebec
Political party Conservative Party of Quebec
Other political
Cabinet Solicitor General (1873–1874)
Minister Without Portfolio (1876–1878)
Provincial Secretary (1876–1878)
Commissioner of Agriculture and Public Works (1879–1881)
Commissioner of Railways (1880–1881)
Secretary of State of Canada (1882–1892)
Minister of Customs (1892)
Religion Roman Catholic

Sir Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, KCMG (November 9, 1840 – June 13, 1898), born in Sainte-Thérèse, Quebec, was a French-Canadian lawyer and politician.


As a lawyer, he defended Ambroise-Dydime Lépine against the charge of murdering Thomas Scott during the Red River Rebellion of 1869 – 1870.

He served as the fifth Premier of the Canadian province of Quebec, federal Cabinet minister, and the seventh Lieutenant Governor of Quebec.

After the 1878 Quebec election, he was the Leader of the Opposition. He became premier in 1879 after the fall of the minority government of Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière. He won the 1881 election, but resigned on July 29, 1882 to seek election to the federal House of Commons. He won a by-election held on August 16, 1882.

Chapleau planned to quit politics in 1885 when Louis Riel was sentenced to be hanged but decided to stay, fearing it would only inflame the situation. After Riel was hanged, he was attacked

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