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Nottingham City Transport

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Nottingham City Transport

Scania OmniDekka in June 2011
Parent Nottingham City Council 95%
Transdev 5%
Headquarters Nottingham
Service area Nottinghamshire
Service type Bus services
Routes 124 (February 2014)
Depots 3
Fleet 363 (February 2014)
Chief executive Mark Fowles
Website www.nctx.co.uk

Nottingham City Transport[1] (NCT) is the major bus operator of the city of Nottingham, England. It is owned by Nottingham City Council (95%) and Transdev (5%).

History

Trolleybus sweeps round the roundabout at the junction of Gregory Boulevard and Sherwood Rise in October 1965

Horse-drawn buses operated in Nottingham from 1848. The Nottingham and District Tramways Company Limited opened its first routes in 1878 with horse-drawn trams, and experimented with steam traction a few years later. The company was taken over by Nottingham Corporation Tramways in 1898. Electrification followed, with the first electric trams operating in January 1901 and within two years over 100 trams were in service on eight lines. The first motorbuses were introduced in 1906.

The Nottingham trolleybus system was inaugurated in 1927. By 1930 a number of routes had been converted from trams to trolleybuses. A new bus depot was opened on Parliament Street in June 1929 and is still in use today.

By 1935 the trolleybus fleet had reached its peak at 106 vehicles, making it the largest fleet in the country. The last tram ran in September 1936. World War II brought reduced services, economy measures (including diluting diesel with creosote) and blackout screens on vehicles. Before the war some diesel-engined buses were introduced, although large scale deliveries of buses did not take place until after the war. The advent of diesel services enabled the last petrol-engined buses to be withdrawn.

Between 1966 and 1988, Nottingham City Transport specified its own design of bodywork on double-decker buses from several different manufacturers, like this Northern Counties bodied Leyland Atlantean and East Lancashire bodied Volvo B10M

By the end of the 1950s, trolleybuses were in decline, the last new trolleybus joining the fleet in 1952 reaching a maximum fleet of 155 vehicles. The first one-man operated bus appeared in 1951. Trolleybuses were withdrawn between April 1965 and July 1966, and the West Bridgford UDC Transport undertaking came under Nottingham's control in 1968. One-man operation started to come into force in January 1970 and by 1977 nearly all services were one-man operated. In 1974 it was renamed City of Nottingham Transport and by 1976 an all-time peak of 494 operated vehicles was reached.

To comply with the Transport Act 1985, in 1986 the assets were transferred to a new legal entity.[1] In 1988 Stevenson's Bus Services, Ilkeston was purchased and formed a subsidiary company. Erewash Valley Services Limited.[2] These services were integrated with the main company in 1990.

In 1991 South Notts Bus Company[3] was purchased for £1, giving NCT a route from Nottingham to Loughborough and a garage at Gotham. In 1997 Pathfinder (Newark) Limited[4] was purchased, giving NCT a presence in the north of the county. Fleet names are retained within the company but both South Notts and Pathfinder liveries are now extinct.

Despite many offers to sell, Nottingham City Council retained 100% ownership in NCT until May 2001, when 5% of the shares were issued to Transdev.[5] This was related to the Nottingham Express Transit operating contract being awarded to Arrow Light Rail, a consortium between Transdev (later Veolia Transdev), Nottingham City Transport, Bombardier, Carillion, Galaxy and Innisfree. The consortium was contracted to build and operate the light rail for 30.5 years since 9 March 2004,[6] but the contract was ripped up in 2011 when Tramlink Nottingham was selected as the preferred bidder for the construction of Phase 2 of the light rail.[7] The last day of operations of Arrow Light Rail was 16 December 2011.

Ecolink ethanol buses

In 2007, Nottingham City Transport became the first company in the UK to introduce Ethanol powered "Eco" buses. Named "Ecolink 30", the service uses a combination of standard diesel powered Scania OmniCity buses and 3 specially converted ethanol Scania OmniLink buses on its Pink Line 30 route.

The ethanol powered buses were painted in a special "Ecolink" livery which used flowers and leaves along the side of the bus to symbolise the "green-ness" of the buses. They also used the slogan "Go Green", combined with the information that they reduced CO2 emissions by around 30 tonnes.

The ethanol buses were equipped with a colour LED destination display, an LCD screen onboard which allowed advertisements &/or CCTV footage to be played, a Star Trak GPS locating system which allowed for real time ETA's to be displayed at electronic bus stop timetable displays and also allowed for the next stop to be displayed on the buses onboard electronic display (Above the "Bus Stopping" sign). The buses also had a low floor to allow for wheelchair/buggy access and were equipped with an extendable ramp to allow wheelchair users to board the bus when there is a gap between the bus door and the pavement.

The buses were purchased by Nottingham City Council using funding from the East Midlands Development Agency which allowed them to purchase 3 ethanol powered buses and construct an ethanol fuelling station. The buses are operated and maintained by Nottingham City Transport.

This trial ended in March 2013, when it was no longer viable to source ethanol. The 3 buses have now been converted to diesel and are branded for the Pathfinder service to Southwell. To replace them, three standard Scania OmniCity vehicles from another route were refurbished, and repainted in to green 'Nottingham Network' livery with pink ends to denote the service being part of the pink line.

Fleet

Scania OmniTown in September 2007

As of February 2014 the fleet consisted of 363 buses.[8]

Depots

NCT operate three depots in Parliament Street, Nottingham, Gotham and Trent Bridge.

Firsts

Nottingham City Transport have introduced many new bus models and transport concepts over the years, including:

  • Converting the first Scania OmniCity for right-hand drive operation
  • Converting the first Scania OmniLink for right-hand drive operation
  • Introduction of EasyRider contactless smartcard, the first in the UK
  • Introduction of Ethanol powered Scania OmniLink buses (First in the UK)
  • First Genuine batch of Scania OmniTown buses
  • First full height Alexander Dennis Enviro 400 Scanias in the UK

Competitors

Stagecoach in Mansfield also serve Nottingham, operating the very popular Pronto service (in partnership with trentbarton) between Chesterfield, Mansfield and Nottingham, and Stagecoach in Worksop operate the Sherwood Arrow to Worksop via Ollerton, Edwinstowe and White Post Farm. These services both compete with NCT between the Victoria Centre and the Redhill area of Nottingham.

YourBus now compete directly against NCT with their routes Y28 and Y36 on GO2 Pink 28 to Bilborough and GO2 Orange 36 route to Beeston and Chilwell.

Although Trent Barton is a competitor, there is a fairly warm reception from both companies to each other, with both recently joining forces in order to operate the University of Nottingham UniHopper buses together.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Companies House extract company no 2004967 Nottingham City Transport Limited
  2. ^ Companies House extract company no 2268720 Erewash Valley Services Limited
  3. ^ Companies House extract company no 227446 DB (Gotham) Limited formerly South Knotts Bus Company Limited
  4. ^ Companies House extract company no 1882298 Pathfinder (Newark) Limited
  5. ^ Final Statement of Accounts 2012/13 Nottingham City Council 2 October 2013
  6. ^ Nottingham Express Transit : who's who, Nottingham Express Transit, Retrieved 5 September 2014
  7. ^ wikinews:All change for Nottingham, England trams as new operator announced, Wikinews, Retrieved 5 September 2014
  8. ^ Statistics NCT Fleet News

External links

  • Nottingham City Transport official website
  • Official Facebook Page for the latest NCT Fleet News
  • Official Twitter for the latest NCT Fleet News
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