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Rivers of Europe

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Rivers of Europe


These are the main rivers in Europe (ecologically, the extreme west of the Palearctic ecozone - which includes Russia in the east). See each article for their tributaries, drainage areas, etc. For clarity, only rivers longer than 100 kilometres (or very significant in another way) are shown in this list. Shorter rivers can be found in the lists by country.

Longest rivers

Rivers over 100 km:

River km mi Draining into
(tributary of)
Volga 3,692 2,294 Caspian Sea[1]
Danube 2,860 1,780 Black Sea
Ural 2,428 1,509 Caspian Sea
Dnieper 2,290 1,420 Black Sea
Don 1,950 1,210 Sea of Azov
Pechora 1,809 1,224 Barents Sea
Kama 1,805 1,221 Caspian Sea (Volga)
Northern DvinaVychegda 1,774 1,102 White Sea
Oka 1,500 932 Caspian Sea (Volga)
Belaya 1,430 889 Caspian Sea (Kama)
Dniester 1,362 846 Black Sea
Rhine 1,236 768 North Sea
Elbe 1,091 678 North Sea
Vistula 1,047 651 Baltic Sea
Tagus 1,038 645 Atlantic Ocean
Daugava 1,020 630 Baltic Sea
Loire 1,013 629 Atlantic Ocean
Tisa 976 610 Black Sea (Danube)
Prut 953 592 Black Sea (Danube)
Sava 940 586 Black Sea (Danube)
Neman 937 582 Baltic Sea
Meuse 925 575 North Sea
Ebro 910 570 Mediterranean
Douro 897 557 Atlantic Ocean
Kuban 870 540 Sea of Azov
Mezen 857 533 Barents Sea
Oder 854 531 Baltic Sea
NevaSvirSuna 852 529 Baltic Sea
Rhône 813 505 Mediterranean
Seine 776 482 Atlantic Ocean
Mureş 761 473 Black Sea (Tisza — Danube)
Drava 749 465 Black Sea (Danube)
Guadiana 742 461 Atlantic Ocean
Siret 706 439 Black Sea (Danube)
Po 682 424 Adriatic Sea
Olt 615 382 Black Sea (Danube)
Maritsa 480 298 Aegean Sea
Iskar 368 228 Black Sea (Danube)
River Shannon 360.5 224 Atlantic Ocean
River Severn 354 220 Atlantic Ocean
Argeș 350 217 Black Sea (Danube)
Thames 346 215 North Sea
Drin 335 208 Adriatic Sea
Neretva 230 143 Adriatic Sea

In the list below, the European rivers are grouped by the sea or ocean into which they flow. They are sorted along the coastline of the seas and oceans. Rivers that flow into other rivers are sorted in orographic order, i.e., by the proximity of their points of confluence to the sea.

Note for additions: please remember to add the city where the river meets for each river.

Barents Sea and White Sea (Arctic Ocean)

The rivers in this section are sorted east (Novaya Zemlya) to west (North Cape, Norway).

In Russia:

In Norway:

Atlantic Ocean

On Iceland

Norwegian coast

In Norway:

Irish coast

In Northern Ireland:

In the Republic of Ireland (including Celtic Sea):

British coast

The Bristol Channel:

French, Spanish and Portuguese coast

The rivers in this section are sorted north (Brest) to south (Tarifa).

In France:



In Spain:

In Portugal:

In Spain:

Baltic Sea

The rivers in this section are sorted clockwise, starting from Helsingborg (south Sweden).

In Sweden

In Finland

In Russia

In Estonia

In Latvia

In Lithuania


In Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast)

In Poland

In Germany

Black Sea

The rivers in this section are sorted west (Istanbul) to east (Sochi).

In Bulgaria

In Romania

In Ukraine

In Russia

Caspian Sea

The rivers in this section are sorted west to north-east.

In Russia


In Kazakhstan

English Channel

North coast

The rivers in this section are sorted west (Lizard Point, Cornwall) to east (Ramsgate).

In Britain:

South coast

The rivers in this section are sorted east (Calais) to west (Brest).

In France:

Irish Sea

The rivers in this section are sorted clockwise, starting from the (Mull of Kintyre).

In Britain:

In Ireland:

Mediterranean

Western Mediterranean

This section includes the Ligurian Sea and the Tyrrhenian Sea. The rivers are sorted from west (Tarifa) to east (Reggio Calabria).

In Spain:

In France:

In Italy:

Adriatic Sea

The rivers in this section are sorted clockwise, from Otranto, southern Italy, to Vlorë in southern Albania.

In Italy:

In Croatia:

In Bosnia and Herzegovina:

In Montenegro:

In Albania:

Ionian Sea

West coast

The rivers in this section are sorted south-west to north-east from Reggio Calabria to Otranto.

In Italy:

East coast

The rivers in this section are sorted north-west to south-east from Vlorë to Cape Malea.

In Greece:

Aegean Sea

The rivers in this section are sorted west (Cape Malea) to east (Istanbul).

In Greece:

In Turkey:

North Sea

The rivers in this section are given clockwise along the North Sea coast, starting from Bergen, Norway.

In Norway

In Sweden

In Denmark

In Germany


In the Netherlands



In Belgium

In France

In Britain


See also

European countries

Template:Region topics

Other continents

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