World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ruth–Aaron pair

Article Id: WHEBN0004886430
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ruth–Aaron pair  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 2000 (number), 5000 (number), Prime numbers, 77 (number), 700 (number)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Ruth–Aaron pair

In mathematics, a Ruth–Aaron pair consists of two consecutive integers (e.g. 714 and 715) for which the sums of the prime factors of each integer are equal:

714 = 2 × 3 × 7 × 17
715 = 5 × 11 × 13

and

2 + 3 + 7 + 17 = 5 + 11 + 13 = 29

If only distinct prime factors are counted, the first few Ruth–Aaron pairs are:

(5, 6), (24, 25), (49, 50), (77, 78), (104, 105), (153, 154), (369, 370), (492, 493), (714, 715), (1682, 1683), (2107, 2108)

(The lesser of each pair is listed in (sequence A006145 in OEIS)).

Counting repeated prime factors (e.g. 8 = 2×2×2 and 9 = 3×3 with 2+2+2 = 3+3), the first few Ruth–Aaron pairs are:

(5, 6), (8, 9), (15, 16), (77, 78), (125, 126), (714, 715), (948, 949), (1330, 1331)

(The lesser of each pair is listed in  A039752).

The intersection of the two lists begins:

(5, 6), (77, 78), (714, 715), (5405, 5406)

(The lesser of each pair is listed in  A039753).

Any Ruth–Aaron pair of square-free integers belongs to both lists with the same sum of prime factors. The intersection also contains pairs that are not square-free, for example (7129199, 7129200) = (7×112×19×443, 24×3×52×13×457). Here 7+11+19+443 = 2+3+5+13+457 = 480, and also 7+11+11+19+443 = 2+2+2+2+3+5+5+13+457 = 491.

The name was given by Atlanta Braves) broke Ruth's record, and the student of one of Pomerance's colleagues noticed that the sums of the prime factors of 714 and 715 were equal.

Ruth–Aaron triplets

Ruth–Aaron triplets (overlapping Ruth–Aaron pairs) also exist. The first and possibly the second when counting distinct prime factors:

89460294 = 2 × 3 × 7 × 11 × 23 × 8419
89460295 = 5 × 4201 × 4259
89460296 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 31 × 43 × 8389
and 2 + 3 + 7 + 11 + 23 + 8419 = 5 + 4201 + 4259 = 2 + 31 + 43 + 8389 = 8465
151165960539 = 3 × 11 × 11 × 83 × 2081 × 2411
151165960540 = 2 × 2 × 5 × 7 × 293 × 1193 × 3089
151165960541 = 23 × 29 × 157 × 359 × 4021
and 3 + 11 + 83 + 2081 + 2411 = 2 + 5 + 7 + 293 + 1193 + 3089 = 23 + 29 + 157 + 359 + 4021 = 4589

The first two Ruth–Aaron triplets when counting repeated prime factors:

417162 = 2 × 3 × 251 × 277
417163 = 17 × 53 × 463
417164 = 2 × 2 × 11 × 19 × 499
and 2 + 3 + 251 + 277 = 17 + 53 + 463 = 2 + 2 + 11 + 19 + 499 = 533
6913943284 = 2 × 2 × 37 × 89 × 101 × 5197
6913943285 = 5 × 283 × 1259 × 3881
6913943286 = 2 × 3 × 167 × 2549 × 2707
and 2 + 2 + 37 + 89 + 101 + 5197 = 5 + 283 + 1259 + 3881 = 2 + 3 + 167 + 2549 + 2707 = 5428

As of 2006 only the 4 above triplets are known.

References

  • Hoffman, Paul (1998). The Man Who Loved Only Numbers. Hyperion. pp. 180–181.  
  • "Ruth–Aaron Triplets" and "Ruth–Aaron pairs revisited". The prime puzzles & problems connection. Retrieved November 9, 2006.

External links

  • Weisstein, Eric W., "Ruth-Aaron pair", MathWorld.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.