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Title: Simhendramadhyamam  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Melakarta, Muthiah Bhagavatar, Muthu Thandavar, List of Janya Ragas, Hungarian gypsy scale, Mysore Vasudevachar, Mayamalavagowla, Niraval, Keeravani, Rasikapriya
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Simhendramadhyamam or Simmendramadhyamam is a rāgam in Carnatic music (musical scale of South Indian classical music). It is the 57th melakarta rāgam in the 72 melakarta rāgam system of Carnatic music. It is called Sumadhyuti in Muthuswami Dikshitar school of Carnatic music.[1][2] It is said to be borrowed into Hindustani music from Carnatic music.[2]

Structure and Lakshana

It is the 3rd rāgam in the 10th chakra Disi. The mnemonic name is Disi-Go. The mnemonic phrase is sa ri gi mi pa dha nu.[1] Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music for details on below notation and terms):

This musical scale uses the notes chathusruthi rishabham, sadharana gandharam, prati madhyamam, shuddha dhaivatham and kakali nishadham. As it is a melakarta rāgam, by definition it is a sampoorna rāgam (has all seven notes in ascending and descending scale). It is the prati madhyamam equivalent of Keeravani, which is the 21st melakarta.

Janya rāgams

Simhendramadhyamam has a few minor janya rāgams (derived scales) associated with it, of which Vijaya Saraswati, a scale first used by Muthiah Bhagavatar is sung in concerts. See List of janya rāgams for all scales associated with Simhendramadhyamam.


Here are a few common compositions sung in concerts, set to Simhendramadhyamam.

Here are a few common film compositions, set to Simhendramadhyamam.

Related rāgams

This section covers the theoretical and scientific aspect of this rāgam.

Simhendramadhyamam's notes when shifted using Graha bhedam, yields 2 other melakarta rāgams, namely, Mayamalavagowla and Rasikapriya. Graha bhedam is the step taken in keeping the relative note frequencies same, while shifting the shadjam to the next note in the rāgam. For further details and an illustration refer Graha bhedam on Mayamalavagowla.


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