World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Studenica River

Article Id: WHEBN0024990058
Reproduction Date:

Title: Studenica River  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Golija
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Studenica River

For other uses, see Studenica (disambiguation).
Studenica (Студеница)
Origin Golija mountain, Serbia (as the Crna reka)
Mouth Ibar, at Ušće, Serbia
Basin countries Serbia
Length 60 km
Source elevation 1,615 m
Basin area 582 km²

The Studenica (Serbian Cyrillic: Студеница, pronounced [studɛ̌nitsa]) is a river in southwestern Serbia, a 60 km-long left tributary to the Ibar river.


The Studenica originates from the central section of the northern slopes of the Golija mountain, as the Crna reka (Black river), at an altitude of 1,615 m. The river flows northward, parallel to the flow of the Brusnička reka, next to the villages of Crna Reka, Koritnik, Ratari and Pločnik. Between the villages of Devič and Čečina, the Crna Reka and Brusnička reka meet and continue to the north under the name of Studenica.


The Studenica carved a long and deep gorge-like valley, characterized by the arc-shaped stretching in the west-east direction, between the Radočelo (on the south) and Čemerno (on the north) mountains. The villages of Usilje, Pridvorica, Mizdraci, Mlanča and Miliće are located in the valley, so as the Isposnica Monastery and the cave on Čemerno mountain.

But the most important feature in the entire Studenica valley is man-made: the Studenica Monastery, one of the oldest, largest and most famous of all Serbian Orthodox Church monasteries (UNESCO inscribed Studenica Monastery on the List of World Heritage Sites in 1986). Monastery is located near the village of the same name and after the village of Kosurići, the Studenica curves to the north emptying into the Ibar at the small town of Ušće.

The Studenica belongs to the Black Sea drainage basin, drains an area of 582 km² itself, and it is not navigable.

The name of the river, Studenica, in Serbian means cold water.


In the valley, the river has a huge hydro electrical potential, but none is used so far. In the late 1980s and early 1990s government strongly pushed a project of damming the river and building a powerful hydro electrical power plant with the artificial lake. After the public outcry and protests from the Serbian Orthodox Church that the artificial lake would damage the monastery the idea was finally dropped, though it still pops-up now and then in media.


  • Mala Prosvetina Enciklopedija, Third edition (1985); Prosveta; ISBN 86-07-00001-2
  • Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.