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Tysons Corner

 

Tysons Corner

Tysons Corner, Virginia
CDP

Tysons Corner skyline
Virginia
[update]

Coordinates: 38°55′7″N 77°13′47″W / 38.91861°N 77.22972°W / 38.91861; -77.22972Coordinates: 38°55′7″N 77°13′47″W / 38.91861°N 77.22972°W / 38.91861; -77.22972

Country United States
State Virginia
County Fairfax
Area
 • Total 4.9 sq mi (12.7 km2)
 • Land 4.9 sq mi (12.7 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 486 ft (148 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 19,627
 • Density 4,000/sq mi (1,500/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
FIPS code 51-79952[2]
GNIS feature ID 1496341[3]

Tysons Corner, also known simply as Tysons, is an unincorporated census-designated place (CDP) in Fairfax County, Virginia, United States. Part of the Washington Metropolitan Area located in Northern Virginia, Tysons Corner lies between the community of McLean and the town of Vienna along the Capital Beltway (I-495). Companies in the area typically use McLean or Vienna addresses; however, in April 2011, the United States Postal Service approved the use of Tysons Corner as a postal address for the 22102 and 22182 ZIP codes of McLean and Vienna, respectively.[4] The population was 19,627 as of the 2010 census.[1] It is the 12th largest employment center in the United States.[5]

The area is home to Tysons Corner Center – the largest shopping mall in the state and in the Baltimore-Washington area – and two upscale shopping centers, Tysons Galleria and Fairfax Square, which neighbor it to the north and south. Every weekday, Tysons Corner draws 55,000 shoppers from around the region.[6]

Tysons Corner has 46 million square feet (4.3 million m²) of office and retail space, making it an important business district in its own right and the classic example of an edge city.[7]

Tysons Corner was one of the inspirations for, and figures prominently in, Joel Garreau's pioneering study of the edge city phenomenon.[8] Among the reasons for calling Tysons Corner an edge city is that, in contrast to typical "bedroom" suburbs, people commute into it in the morning and away from it at night, with a daytime population greater than 100,000 and a nighttime population of fewer than 20,000.[9] That has created a lot of traffic congestion, which local urban planners hope to mitigate by enticing more people to live there, and thus not have to get in their automobiles to get to work if they also can work there. The planned extension of the Washington Metro via the new Silver Line into Tysons Corner will ease access for residents as well. Planners envision up to 200,000 jobs and 100,000 residents in coming decades.[7]

History

Known originally as Peach Grove, the area received the designation Tysons Crossroads after the Civil War. William Tyson from Cecil County, Maryland, purchased a tract of land from A. Lawrence Foster.

Tyson, a Maryland native, was born about 1818. He and his wife Susan (née Harvey) Tyson had nine children: Catherine, Lydia, Rebecca, Frances, Andrew, Anna, Harvey, Bessie, and Susan.

Tyson served as postmaster of the now discontinued Peach Grove Post Office 1854-1866. The Peach Grove Post office was established Tuesday, April 22, 1851.[10]

As recently as the 1950s, Tysons Corner was a quiet rural intersection flanked by a few small stores. Big changes came in 1963 when the Tysons area moved from a country crossroads to a giant commercial urban area with the awarding of contracts at the interchange of Route 7 and Route 123.

The Fairfax County Board of Supervisors in 1962 approved the Tysons Corner Shopping Center (now Tysons Corner Center), which was planned to be 88.13 acres (356,600 m2) within a 150 acres (0.61 km2) triangle bordered by Chain Bridge Road, Leesburg Pike, and the Capital Beltway. Developers proclaimed it as the largest enclosed mall in the world when it opened July 25, 1968.[11]

In recent years, the influx of technology companies into Northern Virginia has brought many new office buildings and hotels to the landscape. The rapid growth of Tysons Corner (in comparison to other locations near the Capital Beltway) has been the topic of numerous studies.[12] One factor was the aggressive promotion of Tysons Corner by Earle Williams, for many years the CEO of the defense contracting firm Braddock Dunn & McDonald.[12]

Ahead of the Washington Metro Silver Line opening in late 2013, the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors and the Tysons Partnership, a nonprofit association that represents the area's stakeholders, began rebranding the area as simply "Tysons", dropping "Corners" from the name. The change started as a matter of convenience, but then later took hold to market the change in the area's character, according to members of the board. The change is unofficial, and either "Tysons" or "Tysons Corner" can be used in addresses.[13]

Geography

Tysons Corner is located at 38°55′7″N 77°13′47″W / 38.91861°N 77.22972°W / 38.91861; -77.22972 (38.918485, -77.229833) at an elevation of 486 feet (148 m).[3][14] It lies in the Piedmont upland approximately 3.7 miles (6.0 km) south-southwest of the Potomac River.[15][16] The highest natural point in Fairfax County, at 520 feet (160 m) above sea level, is located in Tysons Corner.[17] Wolftrap Creek, a tributary of nearby Difficult Run, forms the northwestern border of the community. Two of the creek's tributaries, Moomac Creek and the Old Courthouse Spring Branch, flow north through northwest Tysons Corner. Scott Run, a tributary of the Potomac, flows north through eastern Tysons Corner.[16] Located in Northern Virginia at the intersection of Virginia State Route 123 and State Route 7, Tysons Corner is 11 miles (18 km) west of downtown Washington, D.C. and 6 miles (9.7 km) northeast of Fairfax, the county seat.[18]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the community has a total area of 4.9 square miles (12.7 km²), all of it land. As a suburb of Washington, D.C., Tysons Corner is a part of both the Washington Metropolitan Area and the larger Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area. It is bordered on all sides by other Washington suburbs, including: McLean to the northeast, Pimmit Hills to the east, Idylwood to the southeast, Dunn Loring to the south, Vienna to the southwest, and Wolf Trap to the west.[19]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
* U.S. Decennial Census

As of the 2010 census, there were 19,627 people, 9,481 households, and 4,754 families residing in the community. The population density was 4,005.5 people per square mile (1,546.5/km²). There were 10,637 housing units at an average density of 2,170.8/sq mi (837.6/km²). The racial makeup of the community was 60.9% White, 27.5% Asian, 4.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.9% from other races, and 4.5% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 8.1% of the population.[1]

There were 9,481 households out of which 23.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.8% were married couples living together, 2.9% had a male householder with no wife present, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 49.9% were non-families. 40.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.07, and the average family size was 2.87.[1]

The age distribution of the community was 18.4% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 40.4% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males age 18 and over.[1]

As of 2009, the median income for a household in the community was $103,341, and the median income for a family was $140,115. Males had a median income of $86,312 versus $65,667 for females. The community's per capita income was $65,024. About 2.7% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.3% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.[20]

Economy

Tysons Corner is Fairfax County's central business district, with the largest concentration of office space in Northern Virginia. The CDP includes a technology industry base and network infrastructure; around 2007 about 1,200 technology companies were headquartered in Tysons Corner. During that period the technology sector made for about 31.6% of the jobs in the Tysons Corner submarket and 20.2% of the companies in the submarket. Around 2007 Tysons Corner had 25,599,065 square feet (2,378,231.0 m2) of office space, 1,072,874 square feet (99,673.3 m2) of industrial/flex space, 4,054,096 square feet (376,637.8 m2) of retail space, and 2,551,579 square feet (237,049.4 m2) of hotel space. Therefore Tysons Corner has a grand total of 33,278,014 square feet (3,091,628.7 m2) of commercial space. The Fairfax County Economic Development Authority is headquartered in the CDP.[21]

The corporate headquarters of Booz Allen Hamilton, MITRE Corporation, Capital One, Freddie Mac, Gannett Company, Hilton Worldwide, ITT Exelis, MicroStrategy, Primus Telecom, SAIC, Space Adventures, Spacenet, Sunrise Senior Living, and USA Today are located in Tysons Corner, though most use a McLean address and occasionally a Vienna address.[22][23][24]

Firms with offices in Tysons Corner include BAE Systems,[25] Compuware,[26] Palantir Technologies, Ernst & Young,[27] Northrop Grumman,[28] PricewaterhouseCoopers.[29] Xerox,[30] and Vie de France.[31]

In 1995, AOL was headquartered in the Tysons Corner CDP,[22][32] near the town of Vienna.[33] Qatar Airways operated its North American headquarters office in Tysons Corner,[22][34] although it later moved to Washington, D.C.[35]

Development

In 2008, the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors unanimously voted to begin a 40-year plan to urbanize Tysons Corner around the coming four stops of Washington Metro's Silver Line to the area, in the vein of neighboring Arlington County's Rosslyn-Ballston corridor.[7]

Tysons Corner, in many ways already the second city of the Washington metropolis, is poised to become much bigger...
...Height limits around Metro stops could allow [more] buildings up to 250 feet, which is lower than in Chicago but higher than in much of downtown Washington, where 160 feet is a typical maximum. - The Washington Post[36]

Tysons Corner serves as a "downtown" of Fairfax County, with one quarter of all office space and one eighth of all retail in the county. It is an auto-oriented edge city with severe traffic congestion, and it faces competition from the urban areas of Arlington and newer suburban edge cities such as Dulles.

Fairfax County plans to urbanize Tysons Corner by adding multiple modes of transit, pedestrian-friendly street design, and ground-level retail. The decision to build above-ground tracks and stations instead of underground tunnels was controversial, as it went against the desire to make the area more pedestrian-friendly, but planners concluded that the cost of tunnels was too high (the Silver Line will tunnel for only a short stretch under the Route 7- Route 123 intersection).[37]

Tysons East

This area will be served by McLean Station. In April 2013 Fairfax County approved Scotts Run South, a 6,700,000 ft (2,042,160 m) development containing 17 buildings, including six office and residential buildings, one hotel, and ground-floor retail in this area. This development alone would be larger than Reston Town Center.[38][39]

Tysons Central 123

This area will be served by Tysons Corner Station, located between the 2,400,000 ft (731,520 m) Tysons Corner Center mall and the 800,000 ft (243,840 m) Tysons Galleria mall. In November 2012 Fairfax County approved Arbor Row, a 2,500,000 ft (762,000 m) mixed-used development containing office and residential highrises, ground-floor retail, and underground parking in this area.[40]

Future

2010–2030

A preliminary estimate from the Fairfax County Department of Transportation suggests that $7.83 billion in transportation infrastructure projects will be needed to help transform Tysons Corner into a high-density urban center from 2010 to 2050, most of which will be allocated to both phases of the Silver Line.[41] The Metrorail Silver Line is expected to be fully opened by 2016.

$742 million would be spent on a grid layout.[41] Existing plans call for an intense grid around the coming Silver Line stations.

2030–2050

An additional $1 billion would be spent transit and street grid projects from 2030 to 2050.[41]

Education and public services

Fairfax County Public Schools operates public schools.[22] Schools within the CDP include Freedom Hill Elementary School,[42] Westbriar Elementary School,[43] and Westgate Elementary School.[44]

Fairfax County Public Library operates the Tysons-Pimmit Regional Library in the nearby Pimmit Hills CDP, serving Tysons Corner and Pimmit Hills.[45][46]

References

External links

Virginia portal
  • Tysons Corner, from the Fairfax County Economic Development Authority
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