Vilayet of Sivas

ولايت سيوس
Vilâyet-i Sivas'
Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire

1867–1922
Sivas Vilayet in 1900
Capital Sivas[1]
History
 -  Established 1867
 -  Disestablished 1922
Population
 -  Muslim, 1914[2] 939,735 
 -  Greek, 1914[2] 75,324 
 -  Armenian, 1914[2] 147,099 

The Vilayet of Sivas[1] (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت سيوس, Vilâyet-i Sivas;[3]) was one of the vilayets of the Ottoman Empire, and was one of the Six Armenian vilayets.[4] The vilayet was bordered by Erzurum Vilayet to the east, Mamuretülaziz Vilayet to the south-east, the Trebizond Vilayet to the north and Ankara Vilayet to the west.

At the beginning of the 20th century it had an area of 32,308 square miles (83,680 km2), while the preliminary results of the first Ottoman census of 1885 (published in 1908) gave the population as 996,126.[5] The accuracy of the population figures ranges from "approximate" to "merely conjectural" depending on the region from which they were gathered.[5]

History

For the early history of the area see Rûm Eyalet.

The Vilayet of Sivas was created in 1867[6] when eyalets were replaced with vilayets under the "Vilayet Law" (Turkish: Teskil-i Vilayet Nizamnamesi)[7] and was dissolved in 1922 by Atatürk's reorganization following World War I.

From 1913 to 1916, Ahmed Muammer was the governor (Turkish vali) of the vilayet, and he has been accused of being complicit in actions against the Armenian population.[8]

Administrative divisions

Sanjaks of the Vilayet:[9]

  1. Sanjak of Sivas
  2. Sanjak of Amasya
  3. Sanjak of Karahisar-ı Şarki
  4. Sanjak of Tokad (Created from Sivas sanjak in 1880 and gained Zile kaza from Amasya one in 1907)

References

External links

 

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