World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention

Article Id: WHEBN0001899080
Reproduction Date:

Title: Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of international instruments relevant to the worst forms of child labour, Trafficking of children, Worst Forms of Hazards faced by Children at Work, International labor standards, Worst Forms of Child Labour Recommendation
Collection: 1999 in Labour Relations, Child Labour Treaties, International Labour Organization Conventions, Laws Affecting Youth Rights, Treaties Concluded in 1999, Treaties Entered Into Force in 2000, Treaties Extended to Aruba, Treaties Extended to Guernsey, Treaties Extended to Hong Kong, Treaties Extended to MacAu, Treaties Extended to the Falkland Islands, Treaties of Afghanistan, Treaties of Albania, Treaties of Algeria, Treaties of Angola, Treaties of Antigua and Barbuda, Treaties of Argentina, Treaties of Armenia, Treaties of Australia, Treaties of Austria, Treaties of Azerbaijan, Treaties of Ba'Athist Iraq, Treaties of Bahrain, Treaties of Bangladesh, Treaties of Barbados, Treaties of Belarus, Treaties of Belgium, Treaties of Belize, Treaties of Benin, Treaties of Bolivia, Treaties of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Treaties of Botswana, Treaties of Brazil, Treaties of Brunei, Treaties of Bulgaria, Treaties of Burkina Faso, Treaties of Burundi, Treaties of Cambodia, Treaties of Cameroon, Treaties of Canada, Treaties of Cape Verde, Treaties of Chad, Treaties of Chile, Treaties of Colombia, Treaties of Costa Rica, Treaties of Croatia, Treaties of Cuba, Treaties of Cyprus, Treaties of Denmark, Treaties of Djibouti, Treaties of Dominica, Treaties of East Timor, Treaties of Ecuador, Treaties of Egypt, Treaties of El Salvador, Treaties of Equatorial Guinea, Treaties of Estonia, Treaties of Ethiopia, Treaties of Fiji, Treaties of Finland, Treaties of France, Treaties of Gabon, Treaties of Georgia (Country), Treaties of Germany, Treaties of Ghana, Treaties of Greece, Treaties of Grenada, Treaties of Guatemala, Treaties of Guinea, Treaties of Guinea-Bissau, Treaties of Haiti, Treaties of Honduras, Treaties of Hungary, Treaties of Iceland, Treaties of Indonesia, Treaties of Iran, Treaties of Ireland, Treaties of Israel, Treaties of Italy, Treaties of Ivory Coast, Treaties of Jamaica, Treaties of Japan, Treaties of Jordan, Treaties of Kazakhstan, Treaties of Kenya, Treaties of Kiribati, Treaties of Kuwait, Treaties of Kyrgyzstan, Treaties of Laos, Treaties of Latvia, Treaties of Lebanon, Treaties of Lesotho, Treaties of Liberia, Treaties of Lithuania, Treaties of Luxembourg, Treaties of Madagascar, Treaties of Malawi, Treaties of Malaysia, Treaties of Mali, Treaties of Malta, Treaties of Mauritania, Treaties of Mauritius, Treaties of Mexico, Treaties of Moldova, Treaties of Mongolia, Treaties of Montenegro, Treaties of Morocco, Treaties of Mozambique, Treaties of Myanmar, Treaties of Namibia, Treaties of Nepal, Treaties of New Zealand, Treaties of Nicaragua, Treaties of Niger, Treaties of Nigeria, Treaties of Norway, Treaties of Oman, Treaties of Pakistan, Treaties of Panama, Treaties of Papua New Guinea, Treaties of Paraguay, Treaties of Peru, Treaties of Poland, Treaties of Portugal, Treaties of Qatar, Treaties of Romania, Treaties of Russia, Treaties of Rwanda, Treaties of Saint Kitts and Nevis, Treaties of Saint Lucia, Treaties of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Treaties of Samoa, Treaties of San Marino, Treaties of São Tomé and Príncipe, Treaties of Saudi Arabia, Treaties of Senegal, Treaties of Serbia and Montenegro, Treaties of Seychelles, Treaties of Sierra Leone, Treaties of Singapore, Treaties of Slovakia, Treaties of Slovenia, Treaties of Somalia, Treaties of South Africa, Treaties of South Korea, Treaties of South Sudan, Treaties of Spain, Treaties of Sri Lanka, Treaties of Suriname, Treaties of Swaziland, Treaties of Sweden, Treaties of Switzerland, Treaties of Syria, Treaties of Tajikistan, Treaties of Tanzania, Treaties of Thailand, Treaties of the Bahamas, Treaties of the Central African Republic, Treaties of the Comoros, Treaties of the Czech Republic, Treaties of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Treaties of the Dominican Republic, Treaties of the Gambia, Treaties of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Treaties of the Maldives, Treaties of the Netherlands, Treaties of the People's Republic of China, Treaties of the Philippines, Treaties of the Republic of MacEdonia, Treaties of the Republic of the Congo, Treaties of the Republic of the Sudan (1985–2011), Treaties of the Solomon Islands, Treaties of the United Arab Emirates, Treaties of the United Kingdom, Treaties of the United States, Treaties of Togo, Treaties of Trinidad and Tobago, Treaties of Tunisia, Treaties of Turkey, Treaties of Turkmenistan, Treaties of Uganda, Treaties of Ukraine, Treaties of Uruguay, Treaties of Uzbekistan, Treaties of Vanuatu, Treaties of Venezuela, Treaties of Vietnam, Treaties of Yemen, Treaties of Zambia, Treaties of Zimbabwe
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention

Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
Convention concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour
  Non Party
  Convention not applied (dependent territory)
  Non ILO-member
Signed 17 June 1999
Location Geneva
Effective 19 November 2000
Condition 2 ratifications
Parties 180[1]
Depositary Director-General of the International Labour Office
Languages English and French (Article 16)

The Convention concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour, known in short as the Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, was adopted by the ILO fundamental conventions.[2]

By ratifying this Convention No. 182, a country commits itself to taking immediate action to prohibit and eliminate the worst forms of child labour. The Convention is enjoying the fastest pace of ratifications in the ILO's history since 1919.

The ILO's International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) is responsible for assisting countries in this regard as well as monitoring compliance. One of the methods used by IPEC to assist countries in this regard are Time-bound Programmes.

The ILO also adopted the Worst Forms of Child Labour Recommendation No 190 in 1999. This recommendation contains, among others, recommendations on the types of hazards that should be considered for inclusion within a country-based definition of Worst Forms of Hazards faced by Children at Work.


  • Ratifications 1
  • Predefined worst forms of child labour 2
  • Worst form hazards: To be defined by each ratifying country 3
  • Country programmes on WFCL 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


As of October 2015, the convention has been ratified by 180 out of 186 ILO member states. ILO member states that have not ratified the convention are:[1]

  •  Cook Islands
  •  Eritrea
  •  India
  •  Marshall Islands
  •  Palau
  •  Tuvalu

The convention has also not been extended to several non-metropolitan territories of states that did ratify the convention:[3]

State Non-metropolitan territory
 Australia  Norfolk Island
 Denmark  Faroe Islands,  Greenland
 France  French Polynesia,  New Caledonia, French Southern and Antarctic Territories
 Kingdom of the Netherlands  Curaçao,  Sint Maarten and the Caribbean Netherlands[4]
 New Zealand  Tokelau
 United States  American Samoa,  Guam,  Northern Mariana Islands,  Puerto Rico,  United States Virgin Islands
 United Kingdom  Anguilla,  Bermuda,  British Virgin Islands,  Gibraltar,  Isle of Man,  Jersey,  Montserrat

Predefined worst forms of child labour

Convention 182 includes forms of child labour, which are predefined worst forms of child labour. They are also sometimes referred to as automatic worst forms of child labour.

The predefined worst forms of child labour are:

Worst form hazards: To be defined by each ratifying country

The last category of worst form of child labour is work which by its nature or the circumstances is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children, or Worst Forms of Hazards faced by Children at Work. Here the Convention recommended that the circumstances should be determined in consultation with organisations of employers and workers within a specific country. The Convention recommends that programmes of action should attend specifically to younger children, the girl child, hidden work situation in which girls are at special risk, and other groups of children with special vulnerabilities or needs. Worst Forms of Child Labour Recommendation No 190 contains recommendations on the types of hazards that should be considered to be included within a country-based definition of worst form hazards.This could lead to many deaths.

Country programmes on WFCL

Several programs exist (coordinated by the ILO or other UN organisations) to stimulate adherence to the convention:

The Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography plays a role in the co-ordination of activities


  1. ^ a b "Convention No. C182, ratifications".  
  2. ^ "Conventions and ratifications".  
  3. ^ "Report IV, Fundamental principles and rights at work: From commitment to action" (PDF). International Labour Organization (First ed.). 2012. 
  4. ^ "Detailpagina Verdragenbank; Verdrag betreffende het verbod op en de onmiddellijke actie voor de uitbanning van de ergste vormen van kinderarbeid". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Netherlands) (in Dutch). Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d "C182 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999". International Labour Organization. 1999. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 

External links

  • Text of the Convention and Recommendation No 190
  • ratifications
  • Handbook for parliamentarians: Eliminating the worst forms of child labour ILO, Inter-Parliamentary Union, 2002
  • Worst Form HazardsILO Further documents on
  • International Research on Working Children (IREWOC)
  • Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - U.S. Department of Labor
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.