World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ailuk Atoll

Article Id: WHEBN0002033389
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ailuk Atoll  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Aur Atoll, 170th meridian east, Majuro, List of current constituent monarchs, Timeline of European exploration
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Ailuk Atoll

Ailuk Atoll
NASA picture of Ailuk Atoll
Ailuk Atoll is located in Marshall islands
Ailuk Atoll
Location in the Marshall Islands
Location North Pacific
Archipelago Ratak
Total islands 57
Area 5.4 km2 (2.1 sq mi)
Highest elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population 513 (as of 1998)
Ethnic groups Marshallese
Map of Ailuk Atoll

Ailuk Atoll (Marshallese: Aelok, [1]) is a coral atoll of 57 islets in the Pacific Ocean, and forms a legislative district of the Ratak Chain of the Marshall Islands. It is located approximately 72 kilometres (45 mi) north from Wotje. Its total land area is only 5.4 square kilometres (2.1 sq mi), but it encloses a lagoon with an area of 177.45 square kilometres (68.51 sq mi). The major islets are: Ajelep, Aliej, Ailuk, Alkilwe, Barorkan, Biken, Enejabrok, Enejelar, Kapen and Marib. Most of the islets are on the eastern side of the atoll. The western and southern sides of the atoll have a nearly continuous submerged coral reef, with three main passes that lead in to the lagoon: Erappu Channel, Marok Channel and Eneneman Channel on the west side.

Ailuk Atoll had a population of 513 in 1999.[2]


First recorded sighting of Ailuk Atoll by Europeans was by the Spanish expedition of Miguel López de Legazpi on 10 January 1565. It was charted as Los Placeres (The Pleasures in Spanish).[3][4] Two of its islets were charted as San Pedro and San Pablo, those being the names of the flagship ("capitana") and the "almiranta" (secondary ship or ship of the Admiral)[5]

Ailuk Atoll was claimed by the Empire of Germany along with the rest of the Marshall Islands in 1884, and the Germans established a trading outpost. After World War I, the island came under the South Pacific Mandate of the Empire of Japan. Following the end of World War II, it came under the control of the United States as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands until the independence of the Marshall Islands in 1986.


  1. ^ Marshallese-English Dictionary - Place Name Index
  2. ^ Land Area and Population Density by Atolls and Islands (persons per square mile): 1973 to 1999
  3. ^ Sharp, Andrew The discovery of the Pacific Islands Oxford, 1960, p.38.
  4. ^ Brand, Donald D. The Pacific Basin: A History of its Geographical Explorations The American Geographical Society, New York, 1967, p.129.
  5. ^ Coello, Francisco "Conflicto hispano-alemán" Boletín de Sociedad Geográfica de Madrid, t.XIX. 2º semestre 1885, Madrid, p.286
  • Marshall Islands site
  • Oceandots entry for Ailuk at the Wayback Machine (archived December 23, 2010)

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.