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Ajloun

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Title: Ajloun  
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Subject: Jordan, Ajloun Governorate, List of schools in Jordan, Ajloun National Private University, Jordan Labelled Map
Collection: Populated Places in the Ajloun Governorate
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Ajloun

Ajloun
مدينة عجلون
Ajlun
Town
City of Ajlun from Ajlun Castle
City of Ajlun from Ajlun Castle
Nickname(s): Jordan Green
Ajloun is located in Jordan
Ajloun
Location in Karima
Coordinates:
Country Jordan
Governorate

Ajloun

Ajloun has four seats in the Jordanian parliament. One of these seats is allocated to Christians. The latest national parliamentary election was held on 8 November 2010. The new members of the parliament are Ahmad Qudah, Sameeh Momani, Ridha Haddad (Christian seat) and Ali Ananzeh.
Municipality established 1920
Area
 • Town 2 sq mi (4 km2)
 • Metro 10 sq mi (30 km2)
Elevation 2,508 ft (719 m)
Population (2004)
 • Town 8,200
 • Metro 55,000
Time zone GMT (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) +3 (UTC)
Area code(s) +(962)2
Website http://www.ajloun.gov.jo

Ajloun (Arabic: عجلون‎, ‘Ajlūn), also spelled Ajlun, is the capital town of the Ajloun Governorate, a hilly town in the north of Jordan, located 76 kilometers (around 47 miles) north west of Amman. It is noted for its impressive ruins of the 12th-century Ajlun Castle.

The Ajlun Governorate has a population of over 142,000 widespread in 27 villages and towns over an area of about 420 km². The population is mainly composed of the following tribes: Al-Qudah (AlQudah), Al-Share, Al-Zghoul, Al-Momani, Al-smadi, Al-Shwayyat, Al-Freihat, Al-Khatatbah, and others. Rabadi, Haddad, Iwais, and Muqattash (which was split from Rabadi) are the main Christian tribes in Ajloun. Although Christians are a minority in the governorate, they form about more than half of the population in Ajloun city; most Christians resides in Ajloun city along with Muslims of the Al-Smadi tribe. Other tribes are distributed in the other districts of the governorate. Ajloun Governorate has four seats in the national parliament, one of which is dedicated for the Christian minority.

Contents

  • Districts of Metropolitan Ajloun 1
  • Demographics 2
  • Geography 3
  • Climate and topography 4
  • Landmarks 5
  • Gallery 6
  • References 7
  • Further reading 8
  • External links 9

Districts of Metropolitan Ajloun

There are five districts in the Greater Ajloun Municipality:

Ajlun Castle at night
District
1 Ajloun
2 Ain Janna
3 Anjara
4 ِSakhra
5 Rawabi
6 Safaa
7 Khet Al-Laban
8 orjan

Kufranjeh

Demographics

According to the Jordan national census of 2004, the population of the town of Ajloun was 7,289. For Ajloun Governorate as a whole, the population was about 140,000 in 2010. Muslims make up the majority of Ajloun's population, there are Christian minority groups in the city as well. The governorate of Ajloun is highly agricultural, as the population distribution tells.

Geography

There is a theory that the town's name is connected with the Moabite King Eglon mentioned in the Bible, though the precise derivation is obscure.

Ajlun Castle is located on the site of an old monastery. It was renovated as a fort in 1184 by Izz al-Din Usama, a general in the army of Saladin. The castle controlled traffic along the road connecting Damascus and Egypt. The fortress marks the furthest limit of Frankish incursions during the Crusades. The Mamluks added a prominent tower to the castle. It was captured by the Mongols in 1260 and was partially destroyed in the process. Great damage was done by a massive earthquake in 1926-7.

Located in the center of Ajloun is the Great Ajlun Mosque. This mosque is one of the oldest extant in Jordan and dates back around 800 years. This edifice was previously a Byzantine Christian church; there have been reports of Greek writing in the oldest sections. The prayer tower is called "the filter" by some locals (referring to a cigarette filter, because half of the tower was built over a square tower, most likely a Church bell tower). In 2007 work began on improving the mosque to allow tourists to visit it. There are also reports that when the west wall fell apart in the heavy rains and snow in January 2013 a Bible and crosses were found in the old section.

Tell Mar Elias is located just outside the city limits. This site contains Byzantine church mosaics which were uncovered during the summer months for tourists. T tohis location for Saint Elijah (Mar Elias) has been a shrine for centuries - people would go there and walk around the shrine singing ancient songs to cure a disease called "Rigeh". There are folk songs they sang for this visit. However, prior to the Pope's visit in 2000. A scholar on both Mar Elias and Ajlun Castle is Mohammad Abu-Abeileh in Jordan.

The Ajloun Forest Reserve is also located nearby.The whole area had been reputed to be the largest forested area in the Middle East - however, the area was largely deforested by the Turks to secure fuel for their railroad to Mecca

Climate and topography

The Ajlun mountains are famous for their lush vegetation and thick green forests and a good place for hikes. Its highest mountain peaks reach around 1268 meters above sea level and Ajloun mountains receive a few snow storms every year usually in winter season from December to March. It's one of the country's most beautiful regions. Ajlun has a Mediterranean weather rainy and snowy in winter season and pleasant in the summer time.

Landmarks

  • Ajlun Castle
  • Great Ajlun Mosque
  • Lady of the Mountain Church
  • shrine for Al-Khadir (St. George)
  • Church of St Elijah
  • birthplace of the Prophet Elijah (at Listib)
  • The monastery

Gallery

References

  • http://www.visitjordan.com/visitjordan_cms/MajorAttractions/Ajlun/HistoryCulture/tabid/173/Default.aspx

Further reading

  • Dobrzańska-Bzowska, Magdalena; Bzowski, Krzysztof (2008). Praktyczny przewodnik - Bliski Wschód. Bielsko-Biała: Wydawnictwo Pascal. pp. 157–158. (Polish)  

External links

  • Jordan Tourism Board
  • (Arabic)Ajlun Discussion Forum

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