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Title: Amurzet  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Yiddish theatre
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Coordinates: 47°42′N 131°06′E / 47.700°N 131.100°E / 47.700; 131.100

Amurzet (Russian: Амурзет) is a rural locality (a selo) and the administrative center of Oktyabrsky District of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Russia, located 250 kilometers (160 mi) from Birobidzhan.[1] Population: 5,382 (2002 Census);[2] 6,243 (1989 Census).[3]


It was founded in 1929 as a large collective farm.[4] Specifically, Amurzet has a history of Jewish settlement in the JAO since its inception.[5] Concerning the period 1929 through 1939, Amurzet was the center of Jewish settlement for the area south of Birobidzhan.[6]

Jewish community

The present day Jewish community members hold Kabalat Shabbat ceremonies and gatherings that feature songs in Yiddish, Jewish cuisine, and discussions on Jewish culture. Today, many descendants of the founders of this settlement have left their native village, while others remain. Present day inhabitants of Amurzet, especially those having relatives in Israel, are learning more about the traditions and roots of the Jewish people and religion.[7] As of 2004, Amurzet had an amateur Yiddish theater.[8] In 2005, in preparations during Purim, Amurzet held a stage performance based on the Book of Esther.[9]

See also


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