World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Avro 618 Ten

Article Id: WHEBN0001918790
Reproduction Date:

Title: Avro 618 Ten  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Avro, Avro 642 Eighteen, Avro Burga, Avro Andover, Cierva C.6
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Avro 618 Ten

Avro 618 Ten
VH-UMH as New England Airways' City of Grafton
Role Passenger & military transport
Manufacturer Avro
Designer Anthony Fokker
Introduction 1930
Primary user Australian National Airways, Imperial Airways

The Avro 618 Ten or X was a passenger transport aircraft of the 1930s. It was a licensed copy by Avro of the Fokker F.VIIB/3m.


  • Development 1
  • Operational history 2
    • Australia 2.1
    • Britain and elsewhere 2.2
  • Accidents and incidents 3
  • Variants 4
  • Operators 5
    • Civil operators 5.1
    • Military operators 5.2
  • Specifications (Avro 618) 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9


In 1928 Avro came to an arrangement with Fokker to license production of its successful F.VIIB/3m for sale in the British Empire (except Canada). The Avro designation 618 Ten was adopted as the aircraft was capable of carrying two crew and eight passengers.[1] After a modification of the centre motor mounting to accommodate British airworthiness requirements, the aircraft was first displayed at the 1929 Olympia Aero Show. The Avro 642 Eighteen used the same wing as the Ten but had a new fuselage for 16 passengers.

Operational history


Southern Sun

The first five aircraft were sold to the new Australian National Airways. The type entered service on 1 January of 1930 on the Brisbane-Sydney route, and later Melbourne-Sydney.[1] They were:

VH-UMF Southern Cloud
VH-UMG Southern Star
VH-UMH Southern Sky
VH-UMI Southern Moon
VH-UNA Southern Sun

Two of this fleet were lost in accidents: Southern Cloud in the Toolong range of the Australian Alps on 21 March 1931 (the wreckage was not found until 1958) and Southern Sun in Malaya in November 1931, while attempting the first airmail flight to the United Kingdom. The airline folded and the remaining aircraft were sold.

Southern Moon was rebuilt in 1933 for long-range flights, fitted with 330 hp (250 kW) Wright Whirlwind radial engines and restyled as VH-UXX Faith in Australia. The last surviving 618 Ten in Australia, it evacuated many people from New Guinea in 1941. Another two 618 Ten aircraft were also sold to Australian companies.[2] Three of the 619 Five aircraft went to two Australian airlines, as did (after commercial service in Britain) the sole 642/2m.

Britain and elsewhere

Four 618 Tens were delivered directly to British customers. Two went to Imperial Airways (April and June 1931) and were chartered to the Iraq Petroleum Transport Company before returning to Britain in 1933. One went to Midland & Scottish Air Ferries (May 1933) and at the end of 1931 one went to Indian State Airways for the use of the Viceroy of India. Two Tens went to the Egyptian Army air force in January 1932, one of them surviving to join Indian National Airways in September 1934. The last production Ten was delivered to the Royal Aircraft Establishment's Wireless and Equipment Flight in July 1936 with the RAF serial K2682. One of the 624 Sixes was used by A.S.T Ltd; the other two were eventually sold to the Chinese government.

Accidents and incidents


Star of Cairns, Avro 619 Five
  • Type 618 Ten : Ten-seat civil transport aircraft. Fourteen built.
  • Type 619 Five : Five-seat civil transport aircraft. Scaled down version of Avro Ten. Three 105 hp (78 kW) Armstrong Siddeley Genet Major 1 engines. Four aircraft built.
  • Type 624 Six : Six-seat civil transport aircraft. Revised version of Avro Five with accommodation for two pilots and four passengers. Three Genet engines again, but outers in fairings merged into underside of the wing. Three aircraft built.


Civil operators

  • The Government of China
British India
 United Kingdom

Military operators

 United Kingdom

Specifications (Avro 618)

Data from Avro Aircraft since 1908[1]

General characteristics


See also

Related development
Related lists


  1. ^ a b c Jackson, A J (1990). Avro Aircraft since 1908 (2nd ed.). London: Putnam Aeronautical Books.  
  2. ^ Virtue in Flying p.23
  • Priest, Joan Virtue in Flying. 1975 Angus & Robertson ISBN 0-207-13230-5

External links

  • Avro 618 Ten VH-UMG—Image collection of Ed Coates
  • Tom Campbell Black—Wilson Airways purchased two Avro 619 Five aircraft, the first in 1929 VP-KAE and VP-KAD at a later date.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.