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Buzzard Point

 

Buzzard Point

Coordinates: 38°52′19″N 77°00′40″W / 38.872°N 77.011°W / 38.872; -77.011

Buzzard Point is an urbanized area located on the peninsula formed by the confluence of the Potomac and Anacostia Rivers in the southwest quadrant of Washington, DC, USA.[1]

History

The earliest documented name for the tip of the peninsula that now constitutes the area known as Buzzard Point was Turkey Buzzard Point, in use by 1673 when it appeared on a map published that year by Augustine Herman, a Bohemian explorer and one of the early settlers of the Eastern Shore of Maryland.[2] This name — often shortened to Buzzard Point — remained in use until the federal capital was laid out in the 1790s, at which time it became Young's Point, from one Notley Young, the then owner of the land. Very soon thereafter it was renamed Greenleaf's Point — or Greenleaf Point — after James Greenleaf, a land speculator and purchaser of numerous lots in the new city, many of which were located in the vicinity of the Point.[2]

George Washington had envisioned the use of some of Greenleaf's lots at the Point by the military, including for defensive works. In 1791, he and Pierre (Peter) Charles L'Enfant chose the site for the emplacement of a redoubt of some sort.[3] They acquired approximately 28 acres (110,000 m2) by a deed of trust in that year and confirmed it in a July 25, 1798 executive order. Apparently, L'Enfant intended for a fortification to be placed there, according to his city plan, setting it aside as "Military District No. 5", because, as one author wrote, the "peninsula where the Potomac and Anacostia Rivers met was an obvious, natural military site." This site, sported a "one-gun battery mounted behind earth breastworks," possibly as early as 1791 but, at any rate, definitely by 1794. Within a few years, "The U.S. Arsenal at Greenleaf Point" grew from 28 to more than 89 acres (360,000 m2). By 1803, the "Fort" was first referred to as an "Arsenal" and Congress provided money for the construction of additional buildings.

During the American Civil War, experiments on new weaponry were carried out both at the nearby Washington Navy Yard and at the Washington Arsenal as the Army installation had come to be called. Breechloaders, the Spencer carbine, and the Gatling gun were among the weapons tested on the peninsula. In 1908, the tip of the peninsula bore the name of Arsenal Point because of its military use at the time.[2] Washington Arsenal was renamed Fort Lesley J. McNair in 1948.

Buzzard Point today

The United States Geological Survey's (USGS) most recent topographic maps identify the tip of the peninsula that contains Fort McNair as "Greenleaf Point".[4] The tip of that peninsula first bore the name of "Turkey Buzzard Point" in the 17th century. The USGS maps also identify a lesser point to the northeast of Greenleaf Point as "Buzzard Point".[4] (James Creek, which was excavated in the 19th century to become a branch of the [now defunct] Washington City Canal, once separated these two points. Its name persists in the present day James Creek Marina. In early days, James Creek was also known as St. James Creek.)

Although officially the name of only the tip of the peninsula, the term "Buzzard Point" now serves to identify much or all of an urbanized area south of M Street SW and west of South Capitol Street SW, excluding Fort McNair. The area has long been known as a rather grim industrial backwater of the city. Buzzard Point is close to Nationals Park, and not far from the Waterfront and Navy Yard – Ballpark Metro stations. The Buzzard Point waterfront extends from the Fort along the west bank of the Anacostia River as far as South Capitol Street at the Frederick Douglass Memorial Bridge. Moving west to east along it from the Fort are the James Creek Marina, the headquarters of the U.S. Coast Guard, Buzzard Point Marina and Buzzard Point Park.

In 2007, Pepco Holdings announced that it seeks to retire the Buzzard Point power plant by 2012.[5]

On July 25, 2013, a tentative deal was announced which will see a 20,000-seat stadium for the D.C. United soccer team built at Buzzard Point costing $300 million.[6][7]

References and notes

External links

  • Neighborhoodinfo DC
  • U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Buzzard Point
  • [2]
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