World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Chin–Doihara Agreement

The Chin–Doihara Agreement (Japanese: 土肥原・秦徳純協定 Doihara-Qín Déchún) was a treaty that resolved the North Chahar Incident of 27 June 1935 between the Empire of Japan and Republic of China. The agreement was made between Kwantung Army negotiator, Kenji Doihara, representing Japan, and Deputy Commander of the Kuomintang 29th Army, General Qin Dechun (Chin Techun), representing China. It resulted in the demilitarisation of Chahar.

As a result of the Chin–Doihara Agreement it was agreed:[1]

1.) The commander of the regiment that detained the Japanese soldiers and the judge advocate of the division concerned were to be dismissed and punished.
2.) All units of the Chinese 29th Army were to be withdrawn from the districts of Chahar province north of Changpei.
3.) Maintenance of peace and order there was to be entrusted to the Peace Preservation Corps of Chahar Province.
4.) No Chinese were to be permitted to migrate to and settle in the northern part of Chahar province in the future.
5.) No activities of the Kuomintang were to be permitted in Chahar province.
6.) All anti-Japanese institutions and acts were to be banned in Chahar province.

As a result of the Agreement, Qin became head of the Chahar Provisional Government.

As with the previous He-Umezu Agreement which gave Japan virtual control over the province of Hebei, the Chin–Doihara Agreement was a first step in the establishment of Japanese control over northern China and Inner Mongolia. The Agreement resulted in considerable anti-Japanese sentiment in China and was one of the causes of the December 9th Movement at the end of 1935.


  1. ^ Shuhsi Hsu (1937) The North China Problem Kelly & Walsh, Shanghai, page 21 OCLC 1097649


  • Bisson, T.A. (1938). Japan in China. Macmillan (reprint by Thorndike Press, 2007).  
  • International Military Tribunal for the Far East, Chapter 5: Japanese Aggression Against China

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.