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City and Brixton Railway

The City & Brixton Railway (C&BR) was an authorised underground railway line in London planned to run from King William Street in the City of London under the River Thames to Brixton via The Borough, Lambeth and The Oval. The company was unable to raise funds and the railway was never constructed.


In November 1897, notice was published of a River Thames, replacing them with a new pair of tunnels on a better alignment.

The C&BR's plan was to use the C&SLR's tunnels to a point just south of a new station at Lambeth Road, then south to Kennington Cross, before reaching an interchange at The Oval with the C&SLR. The line would then have headed south with a station at Lorn Road before reaching its destination at Brixton.[2] The proposals received Royal Assent on 1 July 1898 as the City & Brixton Railway Act, 1898[3]

The details of the route north of London Bridge changed over the course of the next ten years, as did the financial arrangements with the C&SLR. In 1898, the depot was planned to be adjacent to New Camberwell Road just south of the Oval station but this was removed in 1899 from the plans and replaced with a plan for a link to the C&SLR's depot at Stockwell.[4]

Despite a series of new bills to revise the scheme, the C&BR was never able to raise enough finance to start construction. In 1902, two bills were presented to Parliament for the complete or partial abandonment of the railway. Both were dropped before completing their passage through Parliament.[5] Instead, in 1902, the C&SLR took over the company with the intention of modifying the plans but the powers remained unused and eventually lapsed.[6] It was not until almost 70 years later that the Underground reached Brixton with the opening of the final section of the Victoria line in 1971.


  1. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26913. pp. 6831–6833. 1897-11-23. Retrieved 2008-08-28.
  2. ^ Badsey-Ellis 2005, pp. 74-76.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26984. p. 4064. 1898-07-05. Retrieved 2008-08-28.
  4. ^ Badsey-Ellis 2005, p. 76.
  5. ^ Badsey-Ellis 2005, p. 139.
  6. ^ Badsey-Ellis 2005, p. 213.


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