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Clapham

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Subject: Brixton, London Borough of Lambeth, Battersea, Vauxhall, Balham
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Clapham

Clapham
Clapham is located in Greater London
Clapham
 Clapham shown within Greater London
OS grid reference
London borough Lambeth
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district SW4 with small parts of SW8, SW9, SW11 and SW12
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Vauxhall and Streatham
London Assembly Lambeth and Southwark
List of places
UK
England
London
Clapham Common at 220 acres (89 ha)

Clapham () is a district of south-west London within the London Borough of Lambeth.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Early history 1.1
    • Clapham in the 17th-19th century 1.2
    • Clapham in the 20th and 21st centuries 1.3
    • Local government 1.4
  • Geography 2
  • Clapham Common and Clapham Old Town 3
  • Clapham South 4
  • Clapham North 5
  • Transport 6
  • Shopping 7
  • Nearest places 8
  • Sport 9
  • See also 10
  • Notable former and current residents 11
  • References and notes 12
  • Further reading 13

History

Early history

The present day Clapham High Street is an ancient "diversion" of the Roman military road Stane Street, which ran from London to Chichester. This followed the line of Clapham Road and then onward along the line of Abbeville Road.[1] The ancient status of that military road is recorded on a Roman stone now placed by the entrance of Clapham Library in the Old Town, which was discovered during building operations at Clapham Common South Side in 1912. Erected by Vitus Ticinius Ascanius according to its inscription, it is estimated to date from the 1st century.[2][3]

According to the history of the Clapham family maintained by the College of Heralds, in 965 King Edgar of England gave a grant of land at Clapham to Jonas, son of the Duke of Lorraine, and Jonas was thenceforth known as Jonas "de [of] Clapham". The family remained in possession of the land until Jonas's great-great grandson Arthur sided against William the Conqueror during the Norman invasion of 1066 and, losing the land, fled to the north (where the Clapham family remained thereafter, primarily in Yorkshire).

Clapham appears in Domesday Book as Clopeham. It was held by Goisfrid (Geoffrey) de Mandeville and its domesday assets were 3 hides; 6 ploughs, 5 acres (20,000 m2) of meadow. It rendered £7 10s 0d, and was located in Brixton hundred.[4]

The parish comprised 4.99 square kilometres (1.93 sq mi). The benefice remains to this day a rectory and in the 19th century was in the patronage of the Atkins family: the tithes were commuted for £488. 14. in the early 19th century and so the remaining glebe comprised only 11 acres in 1848. The church, which belonged to Merton Priory was, with the exception of the north aisle, which was left standing for the performance of the burial service, taken down under an act of parliament in 1774, and a new church erected in the following year, at an expense of £11,000 (equivalent to £1,236,124 in 2016), on the north side of the common.[5]

Clapham in the 17th-19th century

In the late 17th century, large country houses began to be built there, and throughout the 18th and early 19th century it was favoured by the wealthier merchant classes of the City of London, who built many large and gracious houses and villas around Clapham Common and in the Old Town. Samuel Pepys spent the last two years of his life in Clapham, living with his friend, protégé at the Admiralty and former servant William Hewer, until his death in 1703.[6]

Clapham Common was also home to Elizabeth Cook, the widow of Captain James Cook the explorer. She lived in a house on the common for many years following the death of her husband. Other notable residents of Clapham Common include Palace of Westminster architect Sir Charles Barry,[7] Norwegian composer Edvard Grieg [8] and 20th century novelist Graham Greene.[9] John Francis Bentley,[10] architect of Westminster Cathedral, lived in the adjacent Old Town.

In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, the

  •  
  • James Thorne (1876), "Clapham", Handbook to the Environs of London, London: John Murray 

Further reading

  1. ^ "A Short History of Clapham and Stockwell". Lambeth.gov.uk. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  2. ^  
  3. ^ hedgiecc Eddie Clarke+ Add Contact. "Photograph of Roman stone at Clapham Library". Flickr.com. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  4. ^ Surrey Domesday Book
  5. ^  
  6. ^ Old Clapham, John William Grover, A. Bachhoffner, London, 1892. Books.google.com. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  7. ^ "Sir Charles Barry plaque listing on Open Plaques". Openplaques.org. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  8. ^ "Norway in Britain website Edvard Greig plaque listing". Norway.org.uk. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  9. ^ "English Heritage plaque listing for Graham Greene". English-heritage.org.uk. 1 April 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  10. ^ "John Francis Bentley plaque listing on Open Plaques". Openplaques.org. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "George Hibbert (1757-1837)". George Hibbert.com. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  12. ^ a b H.E. Malden (editor) (1912). "Parishes: Clapham". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  13. ^ "Clapham Holy Trinity AP/CP through time - Census tables with data for the Parish-level Unit". visionofbritain.org.uk. 
  14. ^ http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1855/120/pdfs/ukpga_18550120_en.pdf
  15. ^ lambeth.gov.uk Archived 11 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ "Surrey Quays to Clapham Junction extension | Transport for London". Tfl.gov.uk. 9 December 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  17. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/movies/person/8365/Jeremy-Brett/biography
  18. ^ Cozens, Ken. """George Hibbert, of Clapham - 18th Century Merchant and "Amateur Horticulturalist. Merchant Networks. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  19. ^ Julie Myerson. "How I wrote the biography of an ordinary terraced house". the Guardian. 
  20. ^ William Langley (26 November 2006). "Profile: Polly Toynbee". Telegraph.co.uk. 
  21. ^ English Heritage Blue Plaque listing.
  22. ^  
  23. ^ "'"Margot Robbie 'living student life. BelfastTelegraph.co.uk. 

References and notes

Notable former and current residents

See also

Sport

Nearest places

  • Clapham Old Town, which includes pubs and restaurants.
  • Clapham High Street
  • Abbeville Road (and Clapham South)
  • Nightingale Lane (on borders of Clapham South)

Shopping areas comprise:

Shopping

There are train services to London Victoria (Westminster) and London Waterloo (the South Bank). See Clapham Junction.

In 2012 the Overground East London Line was extended to Clapham High Street and Wandsworth Road stations.[16] This links Clapham directly to stations including Shepherds Bush, Canary Wharf, Shoreditch and Highbury and Islington.

London Underground's Northern line passes through Clapham with three stations:

There are two railway stations in the district on London Overground's East London Line:

As well as a vast bus network which connects the area with much of south and central London, Clapham has three tube stations and two railway stations.

Transport

Clapham North lies on either side of Clapham Road and borders the relatively modern creation 'Stockwell' in the historic Lambeth parish on Union Road and Stirling Road. There is a 'Stockwell Town' Partnership sign north of Union Road demarcating the boundary between Clapham and Stockwell. The northern part of Clapham in the Larkhall ward includes the Sibella conservation area. The southern part is Ferndale ward and includes Landor, Ferndale and Bedford roads leading up to Brixton.

Clapham North

The neighbourhood, where used, derives its name from a tube station — it has no fixed boundary from the rest of Clapham. Taking any definition in informal use it is predominantly mid-rise and low-rise residential land and usually takes in major parts of the Common. Where regard to historic Clapham parish and some street signs is had, this area includes a detached part: the land bounded by Nightingale Square, Oldridge Road and Balham Hill.

Clapham South

Picturehouse cinema, restaurants, and a food market held every weekend throughout the year.

Clapham High St

Clapham Common and Clapham Old Town

The railway station now known as Clapham Junction was originally named Battersea Junction by its architect to reflect its geographical location.

Translated to the postal system, Clapham fills most of SW4 and as defined, at least since the Norman Conquest until 1885, includes parts of SW8, SW9 and SW12, London. Clapham Common is shared with the London Borough of Wandsworth, but Lambeth has responsibility for its management. According to the 2001 census Clapham and Stockwell town centre had a joint population of 65,513 inhabitants.[15] For administrative and electoral purposes, Clapham is made up of 3 Lambeth wards: Clapham Common, Clapham Town and Thornton ward. Parts of Clapham North lie within the Brixton electoral ward of Ferndale and the Stockwell electoral ward of Larkhall. The portion of the SW4 postcode north of Union Road and Stockwell Station falls within the area of Stockwell. Much of southern Battersea became often referred to as Clapham because of the misnomer of 'Clapham Junction' railway station and to seek to stress proximity to Clapham Common as well as their relative distance from Battersea's historic nucleus.

Geography

Clapham was an ancient parish in the county of Surrey.[12] For poor law purposes the parish became part of the Wandsworth and Clapham Union in 1836.[13] The parish was added to the Registrar General London Metropolis area in 1844 and consequently it came within the area of responsibility of the Metropolitan Board of Works in 1855. The population of 16,290 in 1851 was considered too small for the Clapham vestry to be a viable sanitary authority and the parish was grouped into the Wandsworth District, electing 18 members to the Wandsworth District Board of Works.[14] In 1889 the parish was transferred to the County of London and in 1900 it became part of the new Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth. It was abolished as a civil parish in 1904, becoming part of the single Wandsworth Borough parish for poor law. The former Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth was divided in 1965 and the area of the historic parish of Clapham was transferred to the London Borough of Lambeth.[12]

Local government

In the early 20th century, Clapham was seen as an ordinary commuter suburb, often cited as representing ordinary people: hence the so-called "Man on the Clapham omnibus". By the 1980s the area had undergone a further transformation, becoming the centre for the gentrification of most of the surrounding area. Clapham's relative proximity to traditionally expensive areas of central London, which had become increasingly unaffordable to all but the wealthy during the course of the 1980s and 1990s, led to an increase in the number of middle-class people living in Clapham. Today the area is generally an affluent place, although its professional residents often live relatively close to significant pockets of social housing.

After the coming of the social housing on estates dating from the 1930s and 1960s.

Clapham in the 20th and 21st centuries

[11]

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