World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Climate of Armenia

Article Id: WHEBN0008619380
Reproduction Date:

Title: Climate of Armenia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Geography of Abkhazia, Climate of Russia, Geography of Kazakhstan, Geography of Azerbaijan, Geography of Armenia
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Climate of Armenia

View of the Zangezur Mountains from east of Goris, Armenia.
A view of Lake Sevan from the Sevanavank monastery

Armenia's different varieties of climates depend on the absolute height of the land. They vary from the dry subtropical to the mountain tundra climate. The following six basic; types can be distinguished. Another type of climate is the dry continental type. It prevails along the middle reaches of the Arax up to an elevation of 1,300 m. It differs from the dry subtropical climate by its cold winters.

History

According to historical sources, in ancient times the winter was the same as it is today, fairly cold in the Armenian lowlands and high in the mountains. 4th century B.C. Greek historian Xenophon, in his Anabasis (The Retreat of the 10,000), which describes the retreat of 10,000 Greek mercenaries through the Armenian mountains into the autumn, related that at night, when the soldiers were asleep, snow fell in the mountains and covered the men and their weapons. He wrote that the snow that fell in one night was about one meter deep. In the same work he noted that the Armenians protected themselves against the freezing frost by rubbing fat or almond oil into their bodies. Armenian historian Movses Khorenatsi (5th century A. D.) described the climate of the Ararat plain as hot and dry in the summer.

Human settlement Height Precipitation (mm) Daily mean °C Average snow depth Minimum snow depth Maximum snow depth Days of snow Humidity %
Bagratashen 453 444 11.7 72
Idjevan 732 563 10.6 10 28 1 38 73
Vanadzor 1350 586 7.4 17 38 3 72 71
Stepanavan 1397 683 6.6 19 53 4 73 73
Tashir 1507 713 5.8 17 37 2 72 75
Spitak 1552 439 7.1 12 56 2 63 69
Chambarak 1861 557 4.8 16 37 5 102 74
Meghri 627 259 13.8 5 27 0 21 61
Kapan 705 544 11.5 10 32 2 34 71
Artashat 829 235 11.1 10 44 0 39 65
Armavir 861 244 11.3 10 42 0 45 60
Yerevan 942 316 11.4 12 46 0 44 60
Eghvard 1317 407 9.8 28 68 0 74 62
Areni 1009 357 11.8 14 40 56
Eghegnadzor 1267 398 10.8 18 50 66
Sisian 1580 365 6.6 12 34 3 73 68
Gumri 1556 477 5.8 26 61 4 96 70
Talin 1582 435 7.9 24 64 2 82 59
Artik 1750 516 5.8 22 51 5 95 66
Fontan 1798 640 6.0 50 79 13 124 66
Aparan 1291 651 4.3 56 92 10 125 69
Sevan 1936 556 4.0 36 83 3 136 74
Mets Mazra 1940 390 4.2 21 35 7 109 69
Martuni 1995 457 5.6 26 75 2 98 67
Yankh 2334 488 2.7 64 102 33 160 72
Pakhakn (Shurabad) 2004 574 1.8 53 81 17 138 74
Aragats (mount) 3329 1065 -2.7 166 235 66 252 73[1]

References

  1. ^ http://www.unccd.int/actionprogrammes/centraleu/national/2002/armenia-eng.pdf

External links

  • Blizzard sweeps up Armenia, temperatures go subzero


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.