Digital technologies in education

E-learning (or eLearning) is the use of electronic educational technology in learning and teaching.

Conceptually, e-learning is broadly synonymous with instructional technology, information and communication technology (ICT) in education, EdTech, learning technology, multimedia learning, technology-enhanced learning (TEL), computer-based instruction (CBI), computer managed instruction, computer-based training (CBT), computer-assisted instruction or computer-aided instruction (CAI), internet-based training (IBT), flexible learning, web-based training (WBT), online education, virtual education, virtual learning environments (VLE) (which are also called learning platforms), m-learning, and digital education.[1] In usage, all of these terms appear in articles and reviews; the term "e-learning" is used frequently, but is variously and imprecisely defined and applied.[2][3][4]

These alternative terms are all linguistically more restrictive than "educational technology" in that they refer to the use of modern tools, such as computers, digital technology, electronic media, networked digital devices and associated software and courseware with learning scenarios, worksheets and interactive exercises that facilitate learning. However, these alternative names individually emphasize a particular digitization approach, component or delivery method. Accordingly, each conflates to the broad domain of educational technology. For example, m-learning emphasizes mobility, but is otherwise indistinguishable in principle from educational technology.

History, theory, types of media and information and communication technologies, and usage settings

Bernard Luskin, an educational technology pioneer, advocated that the "e" of e-learning should be interpreted to mean "exciting, energetic, enthusiastic, emotional, extended, excellent, and educational" in addition to "electronic." [3] Parks suggested that the "e" should refer to "everything, everyone, engaging, easy".[4] These broad interpretations focus on new applications and developments, as well as learning theory and media psychology.

Moore et al found "significant variation in the understanding and usage of terms used in this field" and pointed to "implications for the referencing, sharing and collaboration of results."[2] In usage, e-learning is an extremely significant (but incomplete) subset of educational technology. As such, various aspects of e-learning are discussed in that article.

References

  1. ^ Educational technology entry at Wikidata
  2. ^ a b Moore, J. L., Dickson-Deane, C., & Galyen, K. (2011). e-Learning, online learning, and distance learning environments: Are they the same? The Internet and Higher Education, 14(2), 129-135.
  3. ^ a b Bernard Luskin. """Think "Exciting": E-Learning and the Big "E. 
  4. ^ a b Eric Parks. "What's the "e" in e-Learning?". Askinternational.com. 

External links

  • UNESCO Guide To Measuring Information And Communication Technologies (ICT) In Education
  • European Foundation for Quality in eLearning (EFQUEL)
  • eLearning wiki: table of contents
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