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E-sharp minor

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E-sharp minor



F minor is a minor scale based on F, consisting of the pitches F, G, A, B, C, D, and E. The harmonic minor raises the E to E. Its key signature has four flats (see below: Scales and keys).

Its relative major is A-flat major, and its parallel major is F major.

F minor is a key often associated with passion. Two famous pieces in the key of F minor are Beethoven's Appassionata Sonata, and Haydn's Symphony No. 49 in F minor, La Passione.

Glenn Gould once said if he could be any key, he would be F minor, because "it's rather dour, halfway between complex and stable, between upright and lascivious, between gray and highly tinted...There is a certain obliqueness."[1]

In the Baroque period, music in F minor was usually written with a three-flat key signature, and some modern editions of that repertoire retain that convention.

Notable compositions

Notable songs

E-sharp minor

. Its key signature has six sharps and one double sharp.

For clarity and simplicity, E-sharp minor is usually notated as F minor. However, E-sharp minor could be used on a local level, such as a brief passage in Johann Sebastian Bach's The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1, Prelude and Fugue No. 3 in C-sharp major. (E minor is the mediant minor key of C major.)

Scales and keys

Notes

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