World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ehime Prefecture

Article Id: WHEBN0000061737
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ehime Prefecture  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kamijima, Ehime, Iyo, Ehime, Seiyo, Ehime, Shikoku, Prefectures of Japan
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Ehime Prefecture

Ehime Prefecture
愛媛県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 愛媛県
 • Rōmaji Ehime-ken
Official logo of Ehime Prefecture
Symbol of Ehime Prefecture
Location of Ehime Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Shikoku
Island Shikoku
Capital Matsuyama
Government
 • Governor Tokihiro Nakamura (since December 2010)
Area
 • Total 5,676.44 km2 (2,191.69 sq mi)
Area rank 26th
Population (November 1, 2010)
 • Total 1,430,086
 • Rank 27th
 • Density 251.93/km2 (652.5/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-38
Districts 7
Municipalities 20
Flower Satsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu)[1]
Tree Pine (Pinus)[1]
Bird Japanese robin (Erithacus akahige)[1]
Fish Red sea bream (Pagrus major)[1]
Website .htm/index-e.jp.ehime.prefwww

Ehime Prefecture (愛媛県 Ehime-ken) is a prefecture in northwestern Shikoku, Japan.[2] The capital is Matsuyama.[3]

History

Until the Meiji Restoration, Ehime Prefecture was known as Iyo Province.[4] Since before the Heian period, the area was dominated by fishermen and sailors who played an important role in defending Japan against pirates and Mongolian invasions.

After the Battle of Sekigahara, the Tokugawa shogun gave the area to his allies, including Kato Yoshiaki who built Matsuyama Castle, forming the basis for the modern city of Matsuyama.

The name Ehime comes from the Kojiki and means "beautiful maiden."

In 2012, a research group from the University of Tokyo and Ehime University said they had discovered rare earth deposits in the City of Matsuyama in Ehime-ken.[5]

Geography

Located in the northwestern part of Shikoku, Ehime faces the Seto Inland Sea to the north and is bordered by Kagawa and Tokushima in the east and Kōchi in the south.

The prefecture includes both high mountains in the inland region and a long coastline, with many islands in the Seto Inland Sea. The westernmost arm of Ehime, the Sadamisaki Peninsula, is the narrowest peninsula in Japan.

As of April 1, 2012, 7% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Ashizuri-Uwakai and Setonaikai National Parks; Ishizuchi Quasi-National Park; and seven Prefectural Natural Parks.[6]

Cities

Map of Ehime Prefecture.
Matsuyama
Uwajima

Eleven cities are located in Ehime Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns in each district:

Ehime agency

Mergers

Former districts:

Economy

The area around Matsuyama has a number of industries, including shipbuilding, chemicals, oil refining, and paper and textile products. The rural areas of the prefecture mostly engage in agricultural and fishing industries, and are particularly known for citrus fruit such as mikan (tangerine) and iyokan and cultured pearls.

Ikata's nuclear power plant produces a large portion of Shikoku's electricity.

Education

University

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Ehime.

Football (soccer)

Baseball

Culture

The oldest extant hot spring in Japan, Dogo Onsen, is located in Matsuyama. It has been used for over two thousand years.

Museums

Transport

Rail

  • Iyotetsu
    • Gunchu Line
    • Takahama Line
    • Yokogawara Line

Tramway

  • Iyotetsu
    • Matsuyama Inner Line

Road

Expressway

Kurushima Strait Bridge in Shimanami Expressway

National highways

  • Route 11
  • Route 33 (Matsuyama-Kochi)
  • Route 56 (Matsuyama-Iyo-Uwajima-Sukumo-Susaki-Kochi)
  • Route 192 (Saijyo-Shikoku Chuo-Yoshinogawa-Tokushima)
  • Route 194
  • Route 196
  • Route 197
  • Route 317 (Matsuyama-Imabari-Onomichi)
  • Route 319
  • Route 320
  • Route 378
  • Route 380
  • Route 437
  • Route 440
  • Route 441
  • Route 494 (Matsuyama-Niyodogawa-Susaki)

Ports

  • Kawanoe Port
  • Niihama Port - Ferry route to Osaka
  • Toyo Port - Ferry route to Osaka
  • Imabari Port - Ferry route to Innoshima, Hakata Island, and international container hub port
  • Matsuyama Port - Ferry route to Kitakyushu, Yanai, Hiroshima, Kure, and international container hub port
  • Yawatahama Port - Ferry route to Beppu, Usuki
  • Misaki Port - Ferry route to Oita
  • Uwajima Port

Airport

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d 愛媛県の紹介 > 愛媛県のシンボル. Ehime prefectural website (in Japanese). Ehime Prefecture. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  2. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ehime" in , p. 170Japan Encyclopedia, p. 170, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Matsuyama" at p. 621, p. 621, at Google Books.
  4. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  5. ^ "Japan Discovers Domestic Rare Earths Reserve". BrightWire. 
  6. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture".  

References

External links

  • Official website

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.